Libraries and Other Academic Resources, General Information 1996 - 1997

Contents of This Chapter

"Libraries and Other Academic Resources" is published as several files. Use the following links to go to any part of the chapter.

The University Libraries
The General Libraries
Other Libraries on Campus
Other Libraries in Austin
The University of Texas McDonald Observatory at Mount Locke
Texas Memorial Museum
The University of Texas Press
KUT Radio
Computation Center
Information Servers
University Mailbox Service
Computing Servers
Technical Support Services
The University of Texas at Austin Marine Science Institute
The Hogg Foundation for Mental Health
The Institute of Latin American Studies

The University Libraries

The libraries of the University of Texas at Austin, one of the largest academic libraries in the United States, include the General Libraries, the Center for American History, the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, and the Tarlton Law Library. The UT library online catalog (UTCAT), available on public terminals in the library and via dial-up access from terminals and personal computers on and off campus, includes most items in the General Libraries and the Center for American History and has partial listings for the Humanities Research Center and the Law Library.

The General Libraries

The General Libraries include the Perry-Castaneda Library, the Undergraduate Library, nine branch libraries, the Collections Deposit Library, and two special collections. Special collections are the Nettie Lee Benson Latin American Collection and the Edie and Lew Wasserman Public Affairs Library.

Perry-Castaneda Library (PCL). This open stack library contains more than two million volumes and is the main library of the University of Texas at Austin. It serves most subject fields, but emphasizes the humanities, the social sciences, business, and education. Subject strengths are American and British history, the South, twentieth-century American literature, nineteenth-century English literature, classical philosophy and literature, and modern German literature.

The Perry-Castaneda Library collections contain more than 180,000 volumes of Chinese, Hindi, Japanese, Pali, Prakrit, Sanskrit, and Urdu materials relating chiefly to the social sciences and language and literature of South and East Asia. Approximately 72,000 volumes, primarily in Arabic, Hebrew, and Persian, relating to the language and literature, history, religion, and social sciences of the Middle East are also located there.

Special materials housed in the Perry-Castaneda Library include a collection of United States federal and United Nations official documents in the Reference and Information Services Department, current journals and newspapers and a large collection of microforms in the Periodicals and Microforms Unit, over 252,000 maps in the Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin theses and dissertations, and the Textbook and Curriculum Collection. Other service units are the Circulation Desk, Inter-Library Service (ILS), the Reserves Unit, the Electronic Information Center, and the Photoduplication Service. The General Libraries administrative offices, Facilities and Support Services, Technical Services, Library Systems, and the Collections and Information Resources Division are also housed in the library.

Library staff at the information desk in the lobby provide general assistance and referrals. Librarians in the Reference and Information Services Department assist in the use of the library and offer reference services.

Staff and services areas are located on the first two levels of the building with the book collection in open stacks on the upper levels. Seating for approximately 3,200 readers is provided. Photocopiers are available in several areas.

Undergraduate Library (UGL). This basic resource library, located in the Flawn Academic Center, is designed to serve undergraduate students, especially those at the lower-division level. Introductory information in all fields is available in an open shelf collection. Reference staff assist users in learning library skills and in finding information. Materials placed on reserve by faculty for the students in their classes are available at the service desk on the first floor. The Audio Visual Library is located on the third floor, where reserve materials in audiovisual formats are available along with videos and films for classroom use. More than two hundred listening/viewing stations are located in the Audio Visual Library. Rooms are also provided for group viewing. An information center on the first floor of the library is available for use by any member of the University community.

Branch libraries. The book collections in the branch libraries generally emphasize the subjects of concern to the colleges, schools, and departments in which they are situated, but are available to all students and faculty members.

Branch libraries include the following: Architecture and Planning, Chemistry, Classics, Engineering, Fine Arts, Geology, Life Science, Physics-Mathematics-Astronomy, and the Marine Science Library in Port Aransas. The Balcones Library Service Center is administered through the Engineering Library.

Collections Deposit Library (CDL). This is a limited access facility housing certain library materials that require continuing though moderate use. Materials may be used at the library or borrowed directly from there if they are available for circulation.

Special collections. The Nettie Lee Benson Latin American Collection is an international resource for research in Latin American studies. It contains books, pamphlets, and magazines in addition to manuscripts, maps, newspapers, and microfilms on any subject related to Latin America or anything written by a Latin American, regardless of language. Latin America is defined as the countries, territories, and lands south of the United States in the Western Hemisphere, including the islands of the Caribbean. Related materials in the collection deal with the states of the United States during the period they were part of the Spanish Empire or Mexico, and with the Spanish-speaking segment of the United States population. The Mexican American Library Program, begun in late 1974, has given emphasis to collecting materials related to Mexican Americans and other Hispanics in the United States.

The Edie and Lew Wasserman Public Affairs Library serves faculty, students, and agencies of government. The collection contains files of governmental financial statements and annual reports and is a selective depository for documents of the United States and Canadian governments.

Library Services and Policies

Inter-Library Service (ILS). Inter-Library Service will obtain materials not owned by the General Libraries for University of Texas at Austin students, faculty members, and staff. ILS is located in PCL 2.402.

Library hours. Library hours for all units are posted in each unit. Most circulation desks close fifteen minutes before the library closes. Shortened schedules are maintained between semesters and during spring break. The libraries are closed on major holidays observed by the University.

Lending rules. To assure the availability of its resources, units of the General Libraries lend materials for a specific period and charge fines for items not returned when they are due. Every borrower must present a valid University of Texas student, faculty, or staff identification card, or a special, courtesy, or proxy borrower card. Borrowers are responsible for maintaining a correct record of their social security number and mailing address with the University, and for obtaining a corrected borrower card in case of error or changed data.

Material is due on the date/time indicated on the date-due slip, or as stated at the time of checkout. Borrowers are responsible for material checked out to them until it is returned to the circulation desk from which it was borrowed. Return receipts are issued on request. The General Libraries is not responsible for notifying borrowers that materials are overdue.

Loan periods. All materials are available for library use, and most are available for home use. Some items are restricted to short-term loans from two hours to seven days. General collection materials circulate for fourteen days to undergraduate students, for twenty-eight days to graduate students and nonprofessional staff, and for a semester to faculty and professional staff, except materials in the Undergraduate Library which circulate to all borrowers for fourteen days. Items that have been checked out for a loan period of at least fourteen days and are not in demand may be renewed at most library circulation desks, or through the U-Renew option available on the online catalog (UTCAT) at any public terminal, or by remote access.

A borrower may request that the library recall an item that has been checked out to another borrower for at least fourteen days. Recall requests may be made at any time, but recalled items are not due during intersessions, official University holidays, or spring vacation. Recalled items are due on the date specified on the notice, or immediately if required for reserve use. Failure to return a recalled item may result in suspension of borrowing privileges. When a recalled item is returned, the requester is notified and the item is held for seven days.

Schedule of fines. Borrowers are subject to the following fines for failing to return library materials on or before the date due:

Two-hour or overnight items: $1 an hour or fraction of an hour for each item; $24 an item, maximum.

Two-hour or overnight items (on reserve): $3 an hour or fraction of an hour for each item; $36 an item, maximum.

Three-day and library-use items: $4 a day or fraction of a day for each item; $24 an item, maximum.

Three-day and library-use items (on reserve): $6 a day or fraction of a day for each item; $24 an item, maximum.

Seven-day items: $1 a day or fraction of a day for each item; $24 an item, maximum.

Fourteen-day and twenty-eight-day items: Fifty cents a day or fraction of a day for each item; $24 an item, maximum.

Recalled items: $6 a day or fraction of a day beginning the day after the recall due date; $36 an item, maximum, even if the item is overdue when recalled.

Fines are assessed for each day the library is open.

Charges for loss and damage. Borrowers will be charged for lost and damaged items as follows:

Lost items: Cost of replacement.

Processing fee: Borrowers are subject to a $20 fee any time an item is reported lost or is presumed by the library to be lost. An item is presumed lost when the maximum fine has accumulated or if the item is not returned or renewed within twenty-one days after the first class day of the following semester.

Fines: The amount accumulated through the time the item was reported lost or presumed lost.

Rebinding or repair charge: $20. If the item is not repairable, the cost of replacement is assessed.

Library card for non-University borrowers. The University's libraries are open to the public for library use of materials. Adult Texas residents who are not members of the University community may borrow materials for home use by purchasing a courtesy borrower card at the Perry-Castaneda Library Circulation Desk. A photo ID or two other identification cards are required at the time of purchase. Outstanding library charges must be paid before a courtesy card will be issued. The fee is waived for current members of the Ex-Students' Association and for faculty, professional staff, and students of many institutions of higher education. Cards are valid for the period of membership or appointment, not to exceed one year. A card may be renewed on the same basis as originally issued or according to other requirements as noted.

Courtesy borrowers are assessed fines and fees for late, lost, and damaged materials at the same rate as students and are billed by the Circulation Services Department. Unpaid charges may result in suspension of borrowing privileges.

Other Libraries on Campus

Center for American History. The Center for American History is a special collections library, archive, and museum that facilitates research and sponsors programs on the historical development of the United States. The center supports research and education by acquiring, preserving, and making accessible research collections and by sponsoring exhibitions, conferences, fellowships, and grant-funded initiatives.

The Center for American History houses more than 46,000 linear feet of archives and manuscripts, 154,500 volumes, 36,000 maps, 5,500 historic newspaper titles, one million photographs, and extensive collections of broadsides, recorded music, oral history, and ephemera documenting the history of the United States. Research collection strengths are the history of the South, the Southwest, the Rocky Mountain West, congressional history, and specific national topics.

The center's divisions are the Eugene C. Barker Texas History Collections, the Littlefield Southern History Collections, the Congressional History Collections, the Sam Rayburn Library and Museum (located in Bonham, Texas), the Winedale Historical Center (located near Round Top, Texas), the Western Americana Collections, the Special Collections for American History, the University of Texas Archives, and the Oral History Programs.

Specific holdings include an 1849 daguerreotype of the Alamo, the earliest datable photograph taken in Texas; more than 3,500 individual collections of personal papers and official records of individuals, families, groups, and businesses significant to the history of Texas, such as the papers of Stephen F. Austin, Lorenzo de Zavala, and Sam Houston; the Natchez Trace Collection of more than 400 feet of printed and manuscript records documenting life and culture in the lower Mississippi River Valley from 1790 to 1900; the papers of more than forty-five former and present members from the Texas congressional delegation, and the Walter Cronkite Papers, the James Farmer Papers, and the photographic archive of Pulitzer Prize - winning photojournalist David Hume Kennerly, all collections that are national in scope.

The center's James Stephen Hogg Reading Room, located in Sid Richardson Hall Unit 2, is open from 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM Monday through Saturday. Reference staff is available to guide access to collections, and bibliographic descriptions of all center books and newspapers, as well as many archival collections, are represented in UTCAT. Holdings are stored in closed stacks and are room-use only. Many center collections are stored off-site and require forty-eight hours notice for retrieval for use at the center. In addition, the sound and film collections are available for use by appointment only. For more information, call (512) 495-4515.

Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center. The Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center is one of the world's foremost institutions for literary and cultural research. It offers resources in a number of disciplines and periods, but its principal strength is in its collections of twentieth-century British, American, and French literature. These collections contain not only rare editions but also prepublication materials, including authors' original notes, revised manuscripts, corrected galley proofs and page proofs, as well as letters and other personal and professional documents. Important collections exist also in photography, theatre arts, and film. The center houses approximately one million books, thirty million manuscripts, five million photographs, and over one hundred thousand works of art.

Book collections include the libraries of James Joyce and Evelyn Waugh; the Wolff Collection of Nineteenth-Century Fiction, the VanderPoel Collection of Charles Dickens, three Shakespeare First Folios, and the Pforzheimer Collection of English Literature, 1475 - 1700. The Ransom Center's most valuable book is the Gutenberg Bible, housed in a special exhibition case on the first floor. Authors particularly well represented in the center's manuscript collections include Graham Greene, Lillian Hellman, D.H. Lawrence, Carson McCullers, Anne Sexton, George Bernard Shaw, Isaac Bashevis Singer, and Tennessee Williams.

Among the photography, theatre arts, and film collections is the Gernsheim History of Photography Collection including the works of more than 1,200 photographers and the first photograph ever taken, as well as large collections of theatrical designs, film manuscripts, and other materials including the Norman Bel Geddes collection, the David O. Selznick collection, and the Gloria Swanson archive.

Art collections include drawings, prints, and paintings of and by English, American, and French writers, including e e cummings, D.H. Lawrence, and Jean Cocteau, as well as works of art by Frida Kahlo, Eric Gill, Georges Rouault, and others.

Music collections include opera librettos from 1600 to 1920; manuscript scores of French composers Ravel, Roussel, Dukas, and Debussy; the archives of American composer Paul Bowles; and the collection of jazz historian Ross Russell.

The Ransom Center invites use by scholars engaged in research in the humanities. University faculty members, staff, and students are eligible to use the collections, as are other researchers. The Ransom Center is a noncirculating library. Researchers wishing to consult the collections must present a photo ID, complete an application form, and agree to abide by the Ransom Center's rules and regulations.

Many Ransom Center books and some archival materials are represented in UTCAT, the online catalog. Rare book users should consult both the online catalog and the card catalog in the fifth floor reading room; manuscript users will be directed to the manuscript card catalog, indexes, and finding aids in the reading room. Photography, theatre arts, and film materials are partially represented in UTCAT, but users should refer to catalogs and other finding aids to locate materials in these areas.

The reading room, where patrons obtain access to books and manuscripts, and theatre arts, film, art, and music materials, is located on the fifth floor and is open 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM Monday through Friday and 9:00 AM to 12:00 noon on Saturday. Photographs and other materials relating to photography are available through the viewing room on the sixth floor. The viewing room is open 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM Monday through Friday.

Law library. The Joseph D. Jamail Center for Legal Research (Tarlton Law Library) supports the research and curricular needs of the faculty and students of the School of Law, as well as the research needs of the University community, members of the bar, and the public.

With more than 875,000 volumes, the Tarlton library is the fifth largest academic law library in the country. In addition to a comprehensive collection of primary and secondary legal materials, the library has a broad interdisciplinary collection from the social sciences and humanities as well as a number of special collections. Special collections include extensive foreign and international law resources, more than 870,000 pieces of microform materials in a media collection, the papers of former U.S. Supreme Court Justice Tom Clark, films and fiction relating to law and the popular culture, and, in the library's Gavel Room, a special collection of recent winners of the American Bar Association's prestigious Silver Gavel Award. The library is a depository for US and European Union government documents.

In addition to printed matter, the library offers law students access to LEXIS and WESTLAW, the major online computer-assisted legal research services, on terminals located throughout the library. The library also provides access to CD-ROM databases and a variety of other legal and nonlegal electronic databases and information services. The library's Center for Computer-Based Legal Research and Instruction provides law students a networked environment of fifty-two Macintosh and IBM-compatible personal computers with word processing and research applications and the capability to produce laser-printed output. Students also have access to worldwide computer networks through the Internet. A World Wide Web site maintained by center staff offers a number of unique resources, including case materials for decisions rendered by the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit.

As a member of the Research Libraries Group (RLG), the library contributes data to the Research Libraries Information Network, RLG's national computer system for shared cataloging. Through this network, the library has immediate access to the collections of other major research libraries throughout the country. The library's own online public access catalog, TALLONS, provides immediate access to much of the collection. TALLONS offers users a variety of search strategies and provides information on the location of material, material being ordered for the collection, latest receipt information for serials, and circulation status of all material. TALLONS can be used in conjunction with UTCAT, the University of Texas General Libraries online catalog of the holdings of the various libraries on campus.

More than six hundred paintings, other objets d'art, prints, documents, antique quilts, rugs, and pieces of furniture from the Elton M. Hyder, Jr., and Martha Rowan Hyder Collection enhance the ambiance of the library and create a culturally enriching environment for library patrons and staff.

Because legal research can be technically demanding, members of the library's public services staff provide individual and classroom instruction in the use of the library's materials.

Other Libraries in Austin

The Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum, located on the eastern edge of the campus, is operated by the National Archives and Records Administration. Not part of the University library system, this library is a rich resource for scholars studying the twentieth century. Faculty and students also have access to other public and private libraries in the Austin area, including several that focus on special areas of interest.

The University of Texas McDonald Observatory at Mount Locke

The McDonald Observatory, constructed from the proceeds of a bequest by W.J. McDonald in 1929, was originally operated jointly by the University of Texas and the University of Chicago. Today the observatory is maintained and administered by the University of Texas at Austin. Located on Mount Locke in the Davis Mountains at an altitude of 6,800 feet, the observatory sits on four hundred acres of land donated by the owners of the Fowlkes and McIvor ranches.

The 2.1-meter reflector was installed in March 1939, and the observatory was formally dedicated on May 5, 1939. For some years the 2.1-meter reflector was the second largest telescope in the world, and it is still among the world's major telescopes. A 0.9-meter reflector built primarily for stellar photoelectric photometry was installed in January 1957.

The development of the observatory and of the 2.1-meter reflector was largely the work of Otto Struve (1897 - 1963), the first director of Yerkes and McDonald Observatories, and one of the outstanding scientists of his generation. In recognition of his contributions, the 2.1-meter reflector was officially designated "The Otto Struve Reflector of the W.J. McDonald Observatory," in an international dedicatory symposium in May 1966.

Supported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the University of Texas, and assisted by the National Science Foundation, a 2.7-meter telescope began operation in early 1969 as the third largest telescope in the world. Improved supporting facilities and a 0.8-meter telescope were also constructed at that time. Between 1967 and 1989 a precision 4.9-meter parabolic reflector was in operation at the observatory for radio astronomical studies. A current partnership with the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory on Mauna Kea, Hawaii, provides access to the precision 10.4-meter parabolic reflector there. The partnership permits continued and higher frequency studies by researchers and graduate students at the University.

In collaboration with the Pennsylvania State University, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, and Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen, the University of Texas at Austin is constructing a 9.2-meter telescope on Mount Fowlkes at the McDonald Observatory. This telescope, the William P. Hobby - Robert E. Ebberly Telescope, will have the largest primary mirror of any telescope in the world and will be operational in early 1997.

McDonald Observatory produces the daily astronomy radio program, Star Date, which airs on more than two hundred radio stations in the United States and Canada and is heard by ten million people each week. A Spanish-language edition of Star Date, Universo, is broadcast on more than one hundred stations. The observatory also publishes Star Date magazine for fifteen thousand subscribers.

The W.L. Moody, Jr., Visitors' Information Center, located at the base of Mt. Locke, is open to visitors daily from 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM. Weather permitting, solar viewing sessions are conducted daily at 11:00 AM and 3:30 PM, and a guided tour is conducted at 2:00 PM. From June through August, there is an additional tour each day at 9:30 AM. Every Tuesday, Friday, and Saturday beginning at evening twilight, visitors have the opportunity to view the planets, moon, galaxies, and other celestial objects through 14-inch and 24-inch telescopes. No reservations are necessary. Admission is one dollar for adults and fifty cents for children. More information about visiting McDonald Observatory may be obtained from the W.L. Moody, Jr., Visitors' Information Center, Box 1337, Fort Davis, Texas 79734, (915) 426-3640.

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