12. College of Pharmacy
Steven W. Leslie
Patrick J. Davis
Louis C. Littlefield
Jennifer R. Myhra
For more than a century, the University's College of Pharmacy has provided education and training for men and women as pharmacy practitioners, scientists, professional leaders, and responsible citizens. Eleven students constituted the first class when a school of pharmacy was created in the fall of 1893 at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. In 1927, the program was reorganized as the College of Pharmacy and moved to the Austin campus. The college shared quarters with other University programs until 1952, when the first pharmacy building was opened. Instruction now takes place in facilities designed for the pharmacy program and located near the center of the Austin campus, and on the campuses of the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, the University of Texas at El Paso, and the University of Texas - Pan American in Edinburg.
The first undergraduate program consisted of two sessions, each seven months in length. The current PharmD degree program requires six years in preprofessional subjects, biomedical and pharmaceutical sciences, and professional experience courses. Graduate study became available in 1948 with the institution of a Master of Science in Pharmacy degree program. Today programs are also available that lead to the Doctor of Philosophy in the pharmaceutical, administrative, and clinical sciences. More than seven thousand students have graduated from the programs offered by the college; many have achieved state, national, and international prominence in pharmacy or in related health fields.
Academic leadership for pharmaceutical education at the University has been provided by ten prominent educators, beginning with James Kennedy of San Antonio, who was appointed as a pharmacy professor and director of the Galveston program in 1893. He was succeeded by R. R. D. Cline, who for almost thirty years guided pharmaceutical education in Texas. When the school was moved to Austin in 1927, W. F. Gidley was named the first dean of the college. In 1947, Henry M. Burlage succeeded Professor Gidley as dean; he was succeeded in 1962 by Lee F. Worrell, who served until 1966. Carl C. Albers was acting dean until Joseph B. Sprowls was appointed dean in 1967. William J. Sheffield became acting dean upon the death of Professor Sprowls in 1971. He was succeeded in 1973 by James T. Doluisio, who served the college for twenty-five years. Dean Steven Leslie assumed the leadership of the college in 1998.
University pharmacy students receive instruction in the basic biomedical sciences, the pharmaceutical sciences, pharmacy administration, and pharmacy practice in state-of-the-art academic and health care facilities. Pharmacy interns expand their professional practice knowledge and skills at clinical education sites in the Austin/Temple/Waco area, El Paso, and the Lower Rio Grande Valley, and at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, the Texas Medical Center in Houston, and the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston.
The College of Pharmacy has been a member of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy since 1927. The Doctor of Pharmacy degree program is accredited by the American Council on Pharmaceutical Education (ACPE); ACPE does not accredit master's and PhD degrees in pharmacy.
The University offers the six-year program leading to the Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) as the sole entry-level practice degree. This program offers a course of study in the pharmaceutical and clinical sciences designed to provide the state and the nation with pharmacists who are scientifically trained and clinically competent to deliver a full spectrum of pharmaceutical services in all areas of practice. In meeting its teaching obligation, the college provides a curriculum and faculty that offer students an educational experience beyond training solely for the practice of pharmacy.
The profession of pharmacy is evolving rapidly from a role primarily in distribution of medication toward a patient-oriented, pharmaceutical care model. Pharmaceutical care is a process through which a pharmacist interacts with the patient and other health care professionals in the design, implementation, and monitoring of a patient-specific therapeutic plan that will produce the desired therapeutic outcomes. To ensure that graduates have the necessary tools to practice in this complex, patient-oriented environment, the pharmacy curriculum has evolved from traditional discipline-specific coursework to a discipline-integrated approach of disease state management and a case-based, team approach to the design of the patient-specific therapeutic plan.
The professional curriculum is designed to prepare pharmacy graduates to provide patient-oriented pharmaceutical care in a contemporary setting, whether a community pharmacy, an ambulatory clinic, a hospital, or a long-term care facility, as well as to work in the pharmaceutical industry. In addition, the curriculum aims to inculcate an understanding of the basic sciences sufficient to prepare the student for graduate study in the pharmaceutical sciences. These objectives are pursued through a balanced program of study in pharmaceutics, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, therapeutics, pharmacy administration, social and behavioral sciences, and the humanities, as well as a structured clinical and professional practice experiential program. The holder of a professional degree from the University of Texas at Austin has received an education and training as sophisticated as any available in the health professions.
The College of Pharmacy has conducted joint PharmD Degree program with the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio since 1974. Students who complete this program receive a degree awarded jointly by the two institutions.
The college has cooperative programs with the University of Texas at El Paso and the University of Texas - Pan American, and educational affiliations with several other academic health institutions, including Texas A&M University/Scott and White Hospital and Clinic in Temple, the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas; and with other University of Texas System academic components. The college also has cooperative practice arrangements with medical centers and other health care facilities throughout the state as part of the final-year experiential program.
The college seeks to encourage the belief that education is ongoing and lifelong and that all levels of professional education must form a continuum with professional practice and patient care. To meet this objective, the college provides postgraduate educational programs and develops innovative programs of training through continuing education for the roles pharmacists may be called on to fill as a result of changes in the patterns of delivery of pharmaceutical services.
In addition to the PharmD degree, the University offers the Master of Science in Pharmacy and the Doctor of Philosophy with a major in pharmacy. Master's degree students who concentrate in pharmacy administration may choose the Option II program, in which classes meet on selected Fridays and Saturdays. These programs are described in the catalog of the Graduate School.
During the first professional year in the College of Pharmacy, each student must complete the Texas State Board of Pharmacy Application for Student Pharmacist-Intern Registration. Upon approval of this application, the student becomes registered as a student pharmacist-intern in the state of Texas. Each student must be registered as a student pharmacist-intern in order to acquire, through pharmacy courses, the internship hours necessary for licensure as a pharmacist upon graduation. The student may register as a student pharmacist-intern and earn internship hours only after successfully completing the first academic year (at least thirty semester hours) of the professional pharmacy curriculum.
Students should be aware that the process of registration as a student pharmacist-intern includes a criminal history check. The existence of a criminal record may preclude the student from registration as a student pharmacist-intern and from subsequent licensure as a pharmacist in Texas. However, the Texas State Board of Pharmacy may grant limited internship status under certain conditions to those with prior convictions.
Students registered as student pharmacist-interns may earn internship hours toward licensure not only through professional sequence pharmacy courses but also outside the academic program through employment in certain practice settings. Internship hours gained outside the College of Pharmacy curriculum, however, may not replace any portion of the experimental program required for graduation.
Graduates of the College of Pharmacy are eligible to apply to the Texas State Board of Pharmacy for licensure as pharmacists. Licensure exams may be taken shortly after graduation. Postgraduate internship experience is not currently required for Texas licensure but may be required for licensure in other states.
Additional information about requirements for pharmacy licensure in Texas is available from the Texas State Board of Pharmacy, William P. Hobby Building, 333 Guadalupe Street. The mailing address is P O Box 21, Austin TX 78701-3942. The URL is http://www.tsbp.state.tx.us/, and the telephone number is (512) 305-8000.
In January 1950, the Board of Regents of the University of Texas established the Pharmaceutical Foundation and authorized it to receive funds in the form of gifts, special grants, and bequests to be devoted solely to the promotion of pharmaceutical education and research within the College of Pharmacy. The foundation is governed by an Advisory Council appointed by the president with the approval of the Board of Regents. The foundation solicits contributions in any amount for pharmaceutical research, faculty endowments, scholarships for undergraduate and graduate students, student professional development activities, recruiting, and the furtherance of overall excellence in the programs of the college.
For additional information about the Pharmaceutical Foundation, contact the College of Pharmacy Development and Alumni Affairs Office or visit http://www.utexas.edu/pharmacy/dean/development/.
In addition to well-equipped classrooms, laboratories, and offices, the Pharmacy Building provides a learning resource computer center and laboratory, a television production laboratory and classrooms, and pharmaceutical technology laboratories with facilities for product development, pilot manufacturing, sterile production and quality control, and stability testing. The University Health Services Pharmacy also serves as a teaching laboratory for second-year pharmacy students while providing comprehensive pharmaceutical services to the student community.
The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio has provided facilities for the education and training of pharmacy students, residents, and fellows since 1972. The McDermott Clinical Sciences Building on the Health Science Center campus, which houses the pharmacotherapy division of the college, provides a state-of-the-art distance education classroom, a student computer laboratory, research laboratories, and offices for faculty and staff members.
The Cooperative Pharmacy Program with UT El Paso provides classrooms and conference rooms equipped for high-quality interactive telecommunications and satellite reception, as well as a complex of offices for faculty and staff members. Facilities can also accommodate intravenous admixture, patient assessment, and drug information. These accommodations supplement the physical facilities, student computer laboratories, libraries, and other services available on the University of Texas at El Paso campus.
The Cooperative Pharmacy Program with UT - Pan American provides conference rooms and classrooms equipped for both on-site and distance education, staff and faculty offices, and research laboratories. Other academic and student support services are available in various locations on campus.
As part of a state university, the College of Pharmacy recognizes obligations to the profession of pharmacy on a state, national, and international level. The college began providing continuing education to pharmacists in 1953 in cooperation with the University's Division of Extension. Today, the college is an ACPE-approved provider of continuing pharmaceutical education. A primary goal of the Office of Pharmacy Continuing Education is to advance the pharmacist's knowledge and provide the skills necessary to adapt to a changing practice. Toward this end, the office offers a variety of programs, including home-study courses, seminars, multiday conferences, and certificate programs addressing the most current practice issues. Programs are conducted both on- and off-campus and by correspondence and distance learning. Annually, the office provides more than twenty-three thousand contact hours of pharmacy continuing education to more than four thousand pharmacists.
The college's Learning Resource Center (LRC) offers a variety of instructional resources to students and faculty members. The LRC provides state-of-the-art two- and three-way digital video teleconferencing transmission of core curriculum courses among the Austin campus, the Health Science Center in San Antonio, UT El Paso and UT Pan American, and other sites in The University of Texas System, so that faculty members can teach students at two or more locations simultaneously. Many courses are recorded and made available for checkout in the LRC Media Library in both analog and digital formats. The Media Library is open six days a week.
The staff of the LRC provides faculty members and students with computer hardware and software consulting as well as advice on the use of media in the classroom. Facilities and equipment are available for video and data projection. The college's Web site provides additional information and curriculum support for students and faculty members.
In the Student Computer Laboratory, students have access to desktop computers with removable media and CD drives, professional business software, and Internet client software. The electronic classroom supports desktop computers with projection equipment and a full suite of software. The large distance-learning classroom supports notebook computer ports.
The goal of the Learning Resource Center is to provide the highest quality learning technology infrastructure and support services to students and faculty members.
The Life Science Library supports the teaching and research missions of the College of Pharmacy by providing access to an extensive array of print and electronic information resources. The library maintains extensive holdings in pharmacology, pharmaceutics, pharmacy administration, and medicinal chemistry, with supporting materials in medicine. Biochemistry, nutrition, and medicinal chemistry material is complemented by the collections of the Mallet Chemistry Library.
The Pharmacy Resource Center within the Life Science Library provides a group study area with the complete resources of a drug information center. The center is equipped with a computer workstation to access significant electronic resources such as MICROMEDEX and databases such as Medline, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, and STAT!Ref. These electronic resources are available for remote access through UT Library Online (UTLOL). UTLOL offers a full range of databases, access to electronic journals, and links to other digital information sources.
All units of the General Libraries offer reference service, circulation and reserve services, and interlibrary loan. Instruction in the use of information resources is provided to classes and by individual consultation.
The Lilly Achievement Award is a gold medallion given in recognition of superior scholastic achievement. The recipients are the graduating student with the highest grade point average in required professional courses.
The College of Pharmacy/University of Texas Pharmaceutical Foundation Scholastic Achievement Award is an engraved plaque presented to the graduating student with the second highest grade point average in required professional courses.
TheSheftall Company/John Davis Excellence Award, is presented to the graduate who has made the most significant contribution to the College of Pharmacy and the University during his or her college career. The recipient of this award receives a class ring from the Sheftall Company.
The College of Pharmacy Alumni Association Award for the Outstanding Student in Pharmacy Practice is given to a graduating senior who has shown excellence in the area of pharmacy practice. The recipient is chosen by the Honors and Awards Committee from nominations submitted by the preceptor faculty.
The College of Pharmacy Alumni Association Mortar and Pestle Award is given to the graduate who has made the most significant contribution to the College of Pharmacy and the profession of pharmacy during his or her college career.
The College of Pharmacy/University of Texas Pharmaceutical Foundation Award for the Outstanding Student in Pharmacotherapy is given to a graduating senior who has shown excellence in the areas of pharmacy practice and clinical pharmacy. Recipients are selected by faculty members in the pharmacotherapy and pharmacy practice divisions.
The College of Pharmacy/University of Texas Pharmaceutical Foundation Award for the Outstanding Student in the Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences is given to one or more graduating seniors who have shown excellence in pharmaceutics, medicinal chemistry, and pharmacology. Recipients are selected by the basic science faculty of the college.
The College of Pharmacy/University of Texas Pharmaceutical Foundation Award for the Outstanding Student in Pharmacy Administration is given to one or more graduating seniors who have shown excellence in the area of pharmacy administration. Recipients are selected by faculty members in pharmacy administration.
The American Pharmaceutical Association Academy of Students of Pharmacy Mortar and Pestle Professional Award is given to a graduating senior who has demonstrated service and commitment to the profession through involvement in professional organizations and excellence in pharmacy practice.
The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists Outstanding Student Leadership Award is given to a graduating senior who has demonstrated service and commitment through leadership in professional organizations.
Students' scholarly accomplishments are also recognized through election to Rho Chi, the national pharmaceutical honor society, and through admission to the Pharmacy Honors Program. Students' leadership accomplishments are recognized through election to Phi Lambda Sigma, the national pharmacy leadership society.
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17 August 2004. Registrar's Web Team
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