UT Tower Wordmark
  Blu-Ray HD-DVD
  blu-ray disc icon
blu-ray disc package
Sponsors Blu-ray disc association ( Sony, HP, Electronic Arts, Vivendi Universal, Dell, Hewlett-Packard, Hitachi, LG Electronics, Matsushita Electric Industrial (Panasonic), Mitsubishi Electric, Philips Electronics, Pioneer Electronics, Samsung Electronics, Sharp, TDK, Sun Microsystems, Texas Instruments, Disney and Thomson Multimedia ) HD-DVD Consortium ( Toshiba, NEC, Sanyo, Thompson Consumer Electronic, Paramount Pictures, Universal Studios, Warner Bros. and New Line Cinema )
Early Adopter Announcements Play Station 3 89 HD-DVD titles from Universal Home Entertainment and Warner Brothers Video ( Constantine and Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, plus all three of the Harry Potter and The Matrix films )
To Market 2003 in Japan Expected September 2005
Product Launch Expected 2006 Expected Fourth Quarter 2005
Laser blue laser blue laser
Reported Data Capacity 25 GB single layer, 50 GB dual layer 15 GB single layer, 30 GB dual layer
Codecs Supported Video format: MPEG2. Audio format: DolbyDigital AC3, MPEG2 Audio etc MPEG-4.AVC
Bit Rate 36Mbit/sec  
Cost Advantages / Disadvantage DISADVATAGE: Because the recording layer in a Blu-ray disc is 0.1 millimeters below the surface on the top of a 1.1 millimeter substrate, this disc will require a new production line.

ADVATAGE: Because HD-DVD discs are almost physically identical to current DVD discs, the same production lines can be used to produce both discs, saving the expense of building new factories, says Masato Ootsuka, senior manager of the engineering development department at optical disc maker Memory-Tech.

DISAVATAGE: Development of a common head for both DVD formats still not done

Stragtegy Blu-ray Disc supporters plan to include interactive features and game capabilities to discs that hold high-definition movies.

The Blu-ray Disc camp is targeting recording of high-definition programs, but this could hamper it in markets where high-definition programming has yet to take off.
The HD-DVD team is seeking victory through the backing of entertainment companies for prerecorded content and hoping users are more interested in watching such content than time-shifting television.
Intial Cost Estimate $2,700 $1000
Media Cost Estimate $40 $?
Misc. Notes

Some believe that it would be possible for the low-bit-rate and blue laser technologies to co-exist, the former being positioned as a playback format for pre-recorded HD-DVD movies and the latter as a recording format for real-time interlaced TV programs, including HDTV programming.

While HD-DVD offers a lower data storage capacity than Blu-ray Disc, HD-DVD can store more high-definition programming. That's because it uses the MPEG4.AVC, which is based on the H.264 codec; and the VC9 codec, which is based on Microsoft's Windows Media 9 codec.

created by Daniel Benner
February 2005