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Endlichite Chalcopyrite and Quartz Native Gold and Quartz


Links to Other Web Pages

Crystallography and Mineralogy sites

David A. Barthemy's Mineralogy database concentrates on the science of mineralogy and crystallography.  Lists and tables of data are also provided to aid in mineral identification.  In addition, this page includes numerous links to other science-weighted web pages.

Mike and Darcy Howard's Introduction to Crystallography and Mineral Crystal Systems covers some of the basic topics in crystallography, including crystal classes and the six crystal systems.  This website is easy to read, with graphics that aid understanding.

Crystallography 101, created by Dr. Bernhard Rupp of The University of California Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, presents a considerably more advance treatment of crystallography.

Minerals under the Microscope, designed by Dr. Charlotte Gladstone of The University of Bristol, covers the basic principles of optical mineralogy.

The Mineral Spectroscopy Server, created by Dr. George R. Rossman of the Cal Tech Mineral Spectroscopy Lab, provides information on the causes of color in minerals, mineral absorption spectra in the visible and infrared regions of the spectrum, and Raman spectra of minerals.  This web site includes photographs of minerals in hand sample, scanning electron microscope photographs taken at very high magnification, and thin sections or thin slices of minerals viewed with an polarizing microscope.  It is designed for the advanced student.

Museum Mineral and Gemstone Sites

The American Museum of Natural History web site is large and challenging to navigate, but well worth exploring.  The Rose Center for Earth and Planetary Science pages provide a wealth of beautifully illustrated information on exhibits, collections, and research projects in the field of mineralogy and petrology.  Among the many interesting things to be found here are information about the sources of Burmese rubies, an exhibit titled "The Nature of Diamonds", images of diamond jewelry and crown jewels from several countries, and sections on meteorites, black smokers, Guatemalan jade, the chemistry of magmas trapped in crystals, tin deposits, and the geochemistry of platinum.

The pages presented by the Department of Mineral Sciences of the Smithsonian Institution give only a hint of the the size and beauty of this collection, which consists of over 375,000 specimens, including the Hope Diamond and the Star of Asia Sapphire.  A large part of the Smithsonian collection is used for scientific research.

The Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County web site provides photographs and information about a selection of the minerals and gemstones in this collection which is the third or forth largest in the country. California minerals, specimens of native gold, and gem crystals are particularly well represented, although the collection includes minerals from around the world.  

The San Diego Natural History Museum's Department of Mineralogy provides information on its collection of 26,000 catalogued specimens of minerals, meteorites, and precious gems.  The emphasis of this collection is the many valuable minerals found in San Diego County pegmatites, and minerals from other localities in southern California.

The Department of Mineralogy of the Natural History Museum of London has interesting information on current research projects in mineralogy and petrology, but only a few pictures of minerals.

The Mineralogy and Petrology Section of the Museum of Victoria, Australia, has beautiful photographs of minerals that are found in Victoria and other parts of Australia.

The Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières, in cooperation with the French Ministry of Education and the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle of Paris, maintains WebMineral: Atlas Mineralogique, one of the most exhaustive web sites on minerals and mineralogy.  Currently the site is in French, with English translations of only a few portions, but an English-language version is in the works.

The Albert Chapman Mineral Collection of the Australian Museum has photographs of some of this great collection of minerals, many of which are from Broken Hill, Australia (one of the most important mining districts in the world).  The minerals in this collection were collected by Albert Chapman, a self-trained mineralogist.

Mineral Locality Sites

The Mont Saint-Hilaire site has information on many of the over 320 mineral species identified from the Mont Saint-Hilaire alkaline magmatic intrusion in Quebec, Canada.  Unfortunately, there are not many mineral photographs available its pages at this time.

The Franklin Mineral Museum web site is short, but interesting if you are intrigued by fluorescent minerals.  If you are in the area of Franklin, New Jersey, consider visiting this small mining town museum and the Sterling Hill Mining Museum, which gives guided tours of the Sterling Hill mine.

The Sterling Hill Mining Museum in Ogdensburg, New Jersey is dedicated to mining preservation, scientific research, and earth science education.  This museum is located on the site of the Sterling Hill mine and tours of the underground mine are available.  This web site is recommended for those who are interested enough in fluorescent minerals or mining to take the mine tour.

Rob's Granite Page provides a wealth of information on granites in general and more specifically the granites of the Llano Uplift of central Texas.  A direct quotation from this page:  "The Llano Uplift is the igneous and metamorphic heart of Texas. An island of rock excitement adrift in a sea of Cretaceous limestones whose only redeeming value is the oil in them. (A heretical view hereabouts)".  Even if you are not interested in granite or the Llano Uplift you will probably enjoy Rob's Granite Page.

University and Society Mineral and Gemstone Sites

GEO 347K Gem Notes was designed by Dr. Mark Helper of the Department of Geological Sciences at The University of Texas at Austin for his course on gemology.  It is an excellent source of information, and very readable for anyone interested in gemstones or minerals.

The Walter Geology Library of the University of Texas at Austin lists numerous gem and gemology references, including internet resources, dictionaries, encyclopedias and handbooks, videos, and books.  Books are categorized by mineral or gemstone.

Principles of Mineralogy, maintained by Dr. Jill Banfield of the Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The Univeristy of California at Berkely, includes a wealth of mineral photographs, crystal structures movies, and other information.

The A. E. Seaman Mineral Museum of the Michigan Technological University is recognized worldwide for having the world's finest collection and display of minerals from the Lake Superior Copper District.  The collection also contains many minerals from other localities around the world.  The web page has some great photographs of very beautiful minerals.

The Mineral Museum at James Madison University has photographs of some of the minerals in this small collection but very little information or science.  The current version of this web page is a pale shadow of the former site, which provided information on mineral genesis.

The University of Florence Museum of Natural History has a section on mineralogy (reachable from the menu on its home page), which contains a nice mixture of spectacular minerals and scientific explanations.

The University of Bremen's Fachgebiet Mineralogie (Mineral Gallery) offers superb photographs of 272 minerals organized by mineral structure. Even most of the common minerals are included.

The Institute for Mineralogy and Mineral Resources at The Technical University of Clausthal displays images of 93 of the minerals from its collection.  Although much of the text and all of the mineral names are in German, most of the names are similar to English mineral names, and English names of the less readily identifiable minerals are provided.

Links for Mineralogists at The University of Würzburg is a good place to find links to other websites on minerals, mineralogy and geology in general.  The text is in English.

The Athena Mineralogy web site, designed by Pierre Perroud of the Department of Mineralogy of the University of Geneva, has links to sites in most fields of earth science, and is designed primarily for scientists.

Drs. Robert A. Ixer and Paul R. Duller of the Department of Geological Sciences, Birmingham University, England, have created the Virtual Atlas of Opaque and Ore Minerals in Their Associations .  This site, which is sponsored by the Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration (SME), has a solid emphasis on the science of opaque and ore minerals.  Minerals are shown in reflected light.  This page is provided for professional mining engineers and geologists, but if you have an interest in ore minerals you will find it to be very informative.

The Mineralogical Societies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania and Victoria joined forces to create the Australian Mineral Collection web site.  This site has mineral photographs, news stories on mineral finds in Australia (Australian Mineral News), general information on minerals, and information about where to see minerals on display in Australia.

The Bancroft Mineral Collection The collection is a mineral and gem collection donated to the Department of Geological Sciences at the University of California Santa Barbara by Edward Bancroft. The site has a description of each mineral, images of the specimen, along with maps of the source locality, and interesting images of the mine.

Sites Maintained by Private Individuals

The Mineralogy Club of Antwerp, Belgium's Mineral Collectors Page has an interesting mix of beautiful photographs and links to pages that concentrate on the science of mineralogy and crystallography, as well as helpful information on photographing minerals.

The Canadian Rockhound web site is a free online educational service for mineral, gemstone and fossil enthusiasts, and collectors.  It contains articles and resources of interest to professional and amateur collectors, children, and teachers.

Steve Sorrell's Main Adit is dedicated to the minerals of Tasmania (Australia).  If you are interested in rare lead minerals, this may be the site for you.

Sites Maintained by Rock Shops, Galleries, and Private Dealers

Rob's Rock Shop has a link to every imaginable mineral website, including the scientific, the pseudoscientific, and off-the-wall.

Amethyst Galleries provides very good information on the science of mineralogy and beautiful photographs.

The Image's Mineral Gallery has photographs and diagnostic properties of most common minerals.  This is a good resource if you want to know how to identify minerals.

John Betts and Lawrence H. Conklin, both of whom are private mineral dealers, have sites with excellent photographs of minerals.

National Gemstone provides descriptions and location information on the world's rarest and most valuable gemstones.  It is primarily meant for individuals who buy minerals for investment.

Volcanoes and Volcanology 

Volcano World has a great webpage providing authoritative information about volcanoes and the science of volcanology for a general audience (this web site was initially financed by a NASA).  Professional volcanologists answer questions and write about topics in volcanology.  Other features include "Interviews with Volcanologists" and "Volcano Adventures!"

The website of the Volcano Information Center (VIC) was designed by Professor Emeritus Richard V. Fisher of the University of California Santa Barbara.  This website provides links to other websites and provides information about general volcanology in an organized way, including features of volcanoes, volcanic eruptions, and volcanic hazards.  

The Cascades Volcano Observatory website of the United States Geological Survey has a wealth of information on volcanoes, volcanology, volcanic hazards, features, and terminology.

The Global Volcanism Program (GVP) of the Smithsonian Institute provides information on volcanoes and volcanism by documenting all volcanic eruptions during the past 10,000 years. This website contains comprehensive computer databases and an archive of relevant maps, photos, and documents. 


The Los Alamos National Laboratory CST Division provides an on line Periodic Table of the Elements.

The Chemical Society also maintains a web page on the elements.

Yogi's Behemoth Chemistry and Environmental Dictionary is very basic but may be of use to grade and high school children.  Terms such as beta particle, mole, and molar mass are defined, antineutrino and quark are not.  


Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory provides an interactive web page tutorial on basic electricity and magnetism.

The University of Colorado at Boulder Physics 2000 web page is an interactive journey through modern physics. Visitors to this site should have "fun learning visually and conceptually about 20th Century science and high-tech devices". 

Astronomy and Astrophysics  

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has web pages on astronomy, Newtonian mechanics, the Sun, spaceflight and spacecraft that are well worth exploring.  These web pages can all be reached through the From Stargazers to Starships web page.  The main page of NASA also contains a wealth of information and images, plus links to other sites of interest.



Frequently used abbreviations: NPL  Non-vertebrate Paleontology Laboratory | TNSC Texas Natural Science Center | UTDGS Department of Geological Sciences | BEG  Bureau of Economic Geology | VPL Vertebrate Paleontology Laboratory | JSG  Jackson School of Geosciences | SUPPORT | VOLUNTEER | GLOSSARY

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