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As one of the liberal arts, government, also called political science, teaches students how to think and communicate about politics. A government major can dissect and evaluate actual or proposed courses of political action by analyzing the evidence for and against them, setting them in historical and comparative perspective, and relating them to ends that are prized or feared.

Government majors learn the philosophical and practical underpinnings of democracy, they study the causes and consequences of authoritarian and revolutionary political regimes, and are steeped in how constitutional orders, political party and electoral systems, government bureaucracies, judiciaries, militaries, and other institutions of governance affect political outcomes. Most simply, government majors comprehend in a sophisticated way how the powerful and the powerless fare in the malestrom that is politics.

Most of all and more directly than in other liberal arts disciplines, government majors grapple with issues of life and death, for these, finally, are what politics deal with. In any modern society, and between all such societies, there are many conflicting interests that are more or less irreconcilably opposed. Pursuing their interests, persons and groups try to block each other, and this blocking invites retaliation. The blocking and retaliation readily take violent forms. In the end, politics are about finding ways to manage and restrain this struggle. Those who become expert on political issues, who advise political actors, or who themselves take leading roles in the political effort to maintain civility and peace engage in the highest of human callings.

Declare This Major

Current UT students interested in declaring a government major must schedule an appointment with the Government Undergraduate Advising Office to discuss degree plans and requirements. There is no formal application process. For more information, visit the student affairs page on how to declare a major.

Prospective University of Texas at Austin students should visit UT Admissions to learn about the application process and how to declare a major.

Required Courses

Visit the government degree plan to view all required courses for the government major in the College of Liberal Arts. View course descriptions of current government courses.


While a concentration/specialization is not required, government majors are required to take at least one upper-division course in three of the following six government fields:

  • Political Theory
  • American Government and Politics
  • Public Law
  • Public Policy
  • Comparative Government
  • International Relations & American Diplomacy

What can I do with this major?

Wondering how you'd turn this major into a career? Remember: your major does not always determine your career path. Career counseling and assessments at the Vick Center can help you explore.

Major ≠ Career

Graduates with this major pursue many different careers, depending on their interests and experiences. Make yourself more marketable by complementing this major with part-time work, volunteering, internships, a certificate program, or graduate school.

Experience + Degree = Career

The Career Service Offices in your college can help you with internships and jobs. They work closely with employers to help students prepare for career opportunities. Read a few inspiring stories by professionals whose experiences led to great careers.


Concretely, a government major is an intellectual jack-of-all trades who is fitted for any career that demands thought, analysis, reading, writing, and speaking about complex organizational and public matters. He or she can write a business memo, understand and evaluate a Supreme Court decision, analyze a chain of command, comprehend the impacts of government policies on public and private domains, and see how the private and the public are entwined in all modern societies. Armed with such knowledge and skills, government majors go on to become leaders in many arenas - the law, a host of governmental and non-governmental organizations, academia, the media, the military, political parties, and a great many social and political movements.