African-American Oral Histories
Dr. John Q. Taylor King
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Dr. John Q. Taylor King, Sr. was born in Memphis, Tennessee on September 25, 1921. His mother, Alice Clinton Woodson, was a teacher and his father, John Quill Taylor, who was born in Clifton, Texas, was a medical doctor. Dr. King’s father passed away when he was a young boy. His mother married Charles B. King, who adopted John and his sister, and moved the family to Austin, Texas to open a funeral home. Dr. King attended high school in Austin, and went to Fisk University where he majored in mathematics. Dr. King graduated from Fisk in June of 1941; Mr. Charles King died in July. That summer, Dr. King married Marcet Hines and in September, instead of going to medical school, Dr. King returned home to attend mortuary school and help his mother with the funeral home. Dr. King was drafted that year. When he returned from the Southwest Pacific in 1946, Dr. King joined the reserves and worked his way up to Brigadier General (1974) and then Major General (1978). During this time, Dr. King went back to school to obtain a degree in business administration, a Master’s degree in mathematics from DePaul University, and a Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of Texas at Austin. He began teaching business administration and mathematics at Samuel Huston College, which would later become Huston-Tillotson College, in 1947. He became academic dean in 1960, was appointed President of the College in 1965, Chancellor in 1967, and finally Chancellor and President Emeritus in 1988.
Abstract February 25, 2004
Austin City Council; John Butler; Young Men’s Progressive Club; East Austin; Housing and Public Accommodation; Dick Nichols; Emma Long; Harry Akin; Les Gage; Denton, TX; Wichita, KS; Integration; Segregation; Mitchell Jackson; Alfred Tennyson Miller; IBM; Equal Employment Opportunity; Thomas Watson (Chairman of IBM); John F. Kennedy’s “Plan for Progress”; Recruiting for IBM; U.S. Navy; Lt. Wilford Collins; Barbara Jordan; Place 6 (the “Black Spot” on the Austin City Council); Jimmy Snell; Charles Urdy; Council Decisions: Incidents Involving Police; Council Decisions: East Austin Sewage Treatment Plant; Race as a Factor in Council Decisions; Activism; Walter Carrington; Dr. Ervin S. Perry; Grover Waller; Dr. Sidney White.
“Oral Narrative as History.” Students received class credit for this work, and were under the supervision of Dr. Martha Norkunas, director of “The Project in Interpreting the Texas Past.”
Every effort has been made to transcribe the audio recordings exactly. On occasion a word, or phrase, was difficult to hear and this is indicated by a question mark in brackets.
Dr. John Q. Taylor King, Sr.
Thu Suong Thi Nguyen
Date of Interview:
February 25, February 27, March 11, March 25, April 1, 2004
Dr. King’s home, Austin, Texas
Analog Cassette Recorder
Thu Suong Thi Nguyen