Slavery in Texas
lasted less than fifty years from 1821 to 1865. Texas only had 5% of
the total slave population of the United States and about two-fifths
of them were in the eastern part before 1865. Most of Texas was settled
by Southerners, which they would bring with them their slaves and re-establish
their homes in Texas. The slave population increased in 1850 with slaves
being about 30% of the state’s population. The rich soil in Texas
allowed the institution of slavery to become an important aspect for
slave holders to make a profit.
Political Graveyard: Politicians Born in Slavery
/ Patton Plantation Slavery
A Study of Texas Slave Plantations, 1822-1865 (Ph.D. dissertation,
University of Texas, 1932).
George P. Rawick,
ed., The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography, Supplement,
Series 2 (Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1979).
George Ruble Woolfolk,
"Cotton Capitalism and Slave Labor in Texas," Southwestern
Social Science Quarterly 37 (June 1956).
Lester G. Bugbee,
"Slavery in Early Texas," Political Science Quarterly
13 (September, December 1898). Randolph B. Campbell, An Empire for
Slavery: The Peculiar Institution in Texas, 1821-1865 (Baton Rouge:
Louisiana State University Press, 1989).