What procedure (choose either classical or operant conditioning) is being described or has probably resulted in the following behavior patterns? Be able to explain why you chose the model you did.

1. In order to be able to punish my cat even when I'm not near enough to reach him, I have paired the sound of a clicker with getting squirted with water. Now the sound of the clicker causes him to startle.

2. My cat never gets on the furniture when I am around.

3. When I first start teaching about a concept, I'll praise any answer that is close to the right answer.

4. The smell of fresh bread baking makes my mouth water.

5. In a weight management class, participants earn points for every healthy meal they eat and every period of exercise they complete. Later these points result in refunds of their class fees.

6. When my son has gone for a week without arguing with his sister, he gets to choose which favorite activity he wants to engage in on Friday night.

7. After the bad car accident we had last year, I cringe and break into a sweat at the sound of squealing brakes.

This is Classical conditioning. The cringing, which is an unconditioned response to pain or fear, was produced by the accident and its accompanying pain. That accident was probably preceded by the sound of squealing brakes, which became a conditioned stimulus for the conditioned response of cringing.

8. To treat alcoholics, we sometimes put a chemical in their drinks that makes them sick. Eventually the taste of alcohol become aversive.

Would you like to try some more examples?

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