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Resumes

Your resume is your first introduction to potential employers, and it should clearly and succinctly communicate your most relevant qualifications. You have some flexibility in how you present yourself through your resume, so take some time to consider what format best conveys your qualifications for the job. If you want help fine-tuning your resume, contact Lana Morris (lanamorris@austin.utexas.edu) to strengthen your resume and target it towards the job you’re applying for.

Chronological Resumes

Chronological Resumes present education, experience, and achievements in reverse chronological order under each category. This format works best for applicants who have recent work and/or educational experience that are directly related to their job objective

Strengths:

  • Highlights progression in degrees obtained and job titles held
  • Employers are comfortable with this style because it is used often

Weaknesses:

  • Draws attention to frequent job changes
  • Focuses on positions held and degrees obtained rather than skills
  • May appear redundant if you've held many similar jobs

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Functional Resumes

Functional Resumes organize skills and accomplishments into functional groupings supporting a job objective. This format works best for applicants who have acquired skills through self-learning or non-paid positions, as well as those who are looking for a job not directly related to past employment. The typical number of skill headings is three, with four generally being the maximum.

Strengths:

  • Highlights accomplishments and areas of potential rather than job titles
  • Reduces emphasis of frequent job changes or periods of unemployment

Weaknesses:

  • Harder to link accomplishments and duties performed with specific employers
  • Can result in a longer résumé

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Curriculum Vitae

The Curriculum Vitae (CV) is a “life’s work” document, and as such should be as inclusive as possible. Thorough brainstorming is recommended during the process of developing the CV to make sure as much of your experience as possible is captured in the document. CVs are often required for academic or international positions.

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