Department of Anthropology

Charles R. Hale

ProfessorPh.D., 1996, Anthropology, Stanford University

Director of Teresa Lozano Long Institute of Latin American Studies (LLILAS); Professor
Charles R. Hale


  • Phone: (512) 232-2409
  • Office: SRH 1.314E and SAC 5.140
  • Office Hours: Fall 2015: Tuesday afternoons, by appointment only, email:
  • Campus Mail Code: DO800


Race/ethnicity, identity politics, consciousness and resistance, activist anthropology; Latin America, the Caribbean


ANT 324L • Activist Research Practicum

30623 • Spring 2015
Meets MW 300pm-430pm SRH 1.320
(also listed as AFR 372C, LAS 324L)

From this upper-division seminar, designed especially for anthropology majors, students will learn the basics of anthropological research methods, and gain hands-on experience doing “activist research” with an Austin-based organization.  Coursework will consider the politics of anthropological research, tracing the evolution from its colonial beginnings, through upheaval and critique in the 1960s and 1970s, to various “post-colonial” responses to these criticisms.  After working through conventional research methods, we will focus on “activist anthropology,” as one means to confront the problems associated with anthropology’s colonial legacy. Together we will explore the complexities of activist research methods, while each student conceives and carries out an activist research project in conjunction with an organization in the Austin area.  Once this “practicum” portion of the course begins (roughly February 4), the seminar will meet once rather than twice a week.  From February 4 on, students are expected to devote an average of 6 to 8 hours a week to their activist research project. 

ANT 391 • Neoliberalism/Its Discontents

31885 • Spring 2014
Meets W 400pm-700pm SRH 1.320
(also listed as AFR 381, LAS 391)

AFR 381

(cross-listed with LAS and ANT)



Race, Rights and Resources in a Time of Crisis Spring 2014



Charles R. Hale (AADS / ANT / LAS)


Course description


This seminar is grounded in a central assertion, which will be subjected to scrutiny over the course of the semester:  the era of neoliberal multiculturalism (which began in the late 1980s) is coming to a close.  Two principal lines of argument underlie this assertion:  first, that resistance movements led by Black and indigenous peoples increasingly have gone beyond (or in some cases simply refused) the “expanded citizenship rights” framework that neoliberal multiculturalism put forth; second, that the new economic model (grounded centrally in resource extraction and primary commodity production) has made it increasingly difficult for states to concede and honor even the limited package of rights that have been affirmed.  To assess the validity of this assertion, we will look back over the past three decades to analyze the rise of neoliberal multiculturalism and its consequences. This retrospective will focus both on dominant actors and institutions, and on key currents of Black and indigenous mobilization, to understand what they sought and what they achieved.  Finally, we will carry out ethnographic analysis of the present, to assess the “end-of-an-era” assertion, made especially urgent by the corollary that the emerging regime of governance could well be more menacing than its predecessor.  In this final portion of the seminar, we will examine both emerging patterns of racial subordination, and promising currents of Afro-indigenous political assertion. 


The regional focus will be Latin America, and the principal socio-political actors to be studied are Black and indigenous peoples.  However, some theoretical and ethnographic literature will be drawn from other world areas, especially the global south.




Requirements will include three short analytical essays and one “activist scholarship” exercise.


Reading will be relatively heavy, with roughly one book (or equivalent in articles) per week.


ANT 391 • Thry/Meths/Polit Of Fieldwork

31489 • Spring 2013
Meets W 200pm-500pm SRH 1.320
(also listed as AFR 381, LAS 391)

How do anthropologists and other social scientists conceive of the relationship between field research and the call (whether from others or one’s own commitments) to become involved in the politics of the fieldwork situation?  What consequences follow when we respond affirmatively to such calls?  How does this change the character and the outcomes of our work in relation to conventional research methods?  How do our answers to these questions vary as we consider different understandings of the very term “politics”?   In addressing these and related questions, we will be especially interested to understand how the deep chasm between “applied” and “theoretical” approaches to social science research came about, and to explore possibilities for a terrain beyond that divide.  Throughout we will examine the potential benefits that follow from different forms of political engagement in the research process, as well as the dilemmas and contradictions that arise.  We will pay special attention to claims that “decolonized” research yields theoretical knowledge that otherwise would be difficult to achieve.  What are the theoretical contributions of authors associated with the notions of “coloniality” and “decolonization,” and to what extent do they emerge from a particular kind of research method?  Although the decolonization literature is global, we will emphasize works that are ethnographically grounded in Black and indigenous Latin America.

ANT 391 • Colonial Power Latin America

31489 • Spring 2012
Meets W 200pm-500pm SRH 1.320
(also listed as AFR 383, LAS 391)

This seminar will examine two key concepts—“racial formation” and “coloniality of power”—as they are used to situate and analyze the politics of subaltern peoples in Latin America.  First, we will develop a theoretical genealogy for the study of racial hierarchies and racism in Latin America, paying special attention to how certain concepts “travel” and resonate in their new locations while others do not.  Is “racial formation” more aligned with Gramsci and “coloniality of power” with Foucault?  Why has the concept of “coloniality of power” emerged as an epitomizing frame for understanding racial subordination in Latin America, while “racial formation” theory has prospered in the north, but only occasionally crossing the Rio Grande?  The second objective is to trace the reverberations of these theoretical genealogies in our understanding of racial and ethnic identity as underlying principles for the organization and enactment of oppositional politics.  We will develop a framework for understanding identity politics, both generally and in Latin America, with a special emphasis on struggles for autonomy.  Has “autonomy” (in a wide variety of guises) become the principal idiom in the politics of racially subordinated peoples?  If so, what theoretical and political consequences follow? 

ANT 324L • Cul/Power In Contemp Lat Amer

30120 • Fall 2010
Meets TTH 930am-1100am GAR 1.126
(also listed as LAS 324L)

This course provides an overview of key issues in the anthropology of Latin America, with an emphasis on the relationship between processes of identity formation and the exercise of power.  The first third of the course is historical, focusing on the arrival of Europeans and the establishment of colonial regimes; the liberal transformations of the 19th century; and the post-1950 era of revolutionary movements.  The rest of the course will be devoted to contemporary ethnography.  A guiding metaphor throughout the course will be that of mestizaje (ideologies of race mixture), whose multiple meanings recapitulate the course's principal themes, and dramatize their complexity.  The mestizaje metaphor brings into focus what might be called the intimacy of power:  how broader political forces and patterns (structural inequalities, class struggle, race making and racism, social movements, revolutions, political violence) unfold in and through the day to day, up-close relations people have with one another.  The "culture and power" approach obliges us to address both these levels of the political simultaneously, and each of the texts in this course are concerned in some way with this articulation:  between the macro-political and intimate power relations across the axes of race, gender, and class inequality.

ANT 391 • Ethnographies Of Resistance

30660 • Fall 2009
Meets W 900-1200 ACE 5.336
(also listed as LAS 391)

Curso Teórico de Especialidad I


Línea de Especialización “Diversidad Cultural, Identidad y Poder”


Antropología de la Resistencia


Miércoles de 9 a 12 am


R. Aída Hernández y Charles R. Hale


Doctorado en Antropología Social CIESAS

Graduate Programs in Anthropology and Latin American Studies, UT Austin

Registrado como:  ANT / LAS 391 (Unique #’s:  30660 / 41095)  ACES 5.336



Objetivo del Curso

El curso tiene como objetivo principal que los estudiantes se familiaricen con las diversas teorías que han analizado los espacios de resistencia cotidiana y colectiva para el estudio de los grupos subalternos y los movimientos sociales y populares. Para ello revisaremos tanto los debates teóricos dados en distintas tradiciones como los trabajos etnográficos que se han realizado guiados por dichas perspectivas, con especial énfasis en el contexto Latinoamericano.


Estructura y Dinámica del Curso

Se trata de un curso experimental que se realiza en el marco del convenio CIESAS-Universidad de Texas en Austin, en el que un grupo de estudiantes del posgrado (MA y PhD) en estudios latinoamericanos y antropología de la Universidad de Texas en Austin y un grupo de estudiantes del doctorado en antropología de CIESAS,  se conectarán vía video-conferencia y establecerán diálogos académicos en torno a las lecturas establecidas en el programa. El curso será coordinado por dos docentes de ambas instituciones, el Dr. Charles Hale que estará a cargo del grupo de UT-Austin y la Dra. R. Aída Hernández que estará  a cargo de grupo de CIESAS. La introducción de las sesiones será compartida por ambos docentes, estando cada uno de ellos a cargo de seis de las doce sesiones. Los debates del curso se harán en español y las lecturas serán en inglés y español, por lo que los estudiantes tendrán como requisito la comprensión de lectura en inglés, y comprensión / comunicación en español.

Mecanismo de evaluación

La calificación final se obtendrá de las siguientes fuentes:

1)    10% de ella dependerá de la asistencia

2)    15% de la participación en los debates

3)    15% de las exposiciones en clase.

4)    60% de los tres ensayos analíticos que se presentarán a lo largo del curso (5-7 cuartillas, reglón abierto)






Sección I. Fundamentos Teóricos


Agosto 26: Presentación del Curso (Solo en Austin)


Septiembre 2: Teorías Marxistas de la Resistencia: De Marx a los re-planteamientos Gramscianos (CRH)


Marx, Karl y Friedrich Engels

1848 El Manifiesto del Partido Comunista (Ediciones Varias: Ariel, Cuadernos Pasado y Presente, Editorial Progreso, Ediciones Pekin) para una versión electrónica comentada y prólogada ver:


 Gramsci, Antonio

1932-1933 (1982)  Cuadernos de la cárcel Edición Crítica de Valentino Gerratana: Cuaderno 11, México, ERA (Selecciones) ó

Gramsci, Antonio

1971            Selections from the Prison Notebooks of Antonio Gramsci. London: Lawrence & Wishart.  pp. 5-23; 228-264; 323-343


Roseberry, William

1994            Hegemony and the Language of Contention. In Everyday Forms of State Formation. G. M. Joseph and D. Nugent, eds. Pp. 355-366. Durham: Duke University Press.




Simon, Roger

1991            Gramsci's political thought : an introduction. London: Lawrence & Wishart.


Adamson, W. 

1980            Hegemony and Revolution.  Berkeley: U. California Press


Septiembre 8: Identidad de Clase y Organización Colectiva (12:00 a 3:00 p.m.)

            OJO:  fecha y hora modificada


Thompson, E.P. (AH)

1978            Eighteenth-century English society:  Class struggle without class. Social History 3(2):133-166.


Mintz, Sidney

1974            The rural proletarian and the problem of rural proletarian consciousness. Journal of Peasant Studies 1:290-325.


 de Martino Bermúdez , Mónica

2003              Género y clases sociales. Debates feministas en torno a E. P. Thompson” en Herramienta. Revista de Debate y Crítica Marxista Nº 23, Septiembre 2003 Buenos Aires Argentina




Williams, Raymond

1980 “La hegemonía” En Marxismo y literatura Barcelona: Editorial Península. pp. 129-136.


1977            Marxism and Literature. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 108-135

Septiembre 16-17: Resistencia cotidiana (separados)

Nota:  las clase del DF se pasa al jueves por ser el 16 de septiembre feriado oficial; mientras que la clase de Austin queda fecha / hora igual.

Scott, James C.

1985            Weapons of the weak.  Everyday forms of peasant resistance. New Haven: Yale University Press. Capítulos 1, 2,3, y 8)


Septiembre 23: Resistencia colectiva, identidad y movimientos sociales (AH)


Gledhill, John

1999             El poder y sus disfraces. Perspectivas Antropológicas de la Política  Barcelona, Ediciones Bellaterra. (Capitulos 4 y 8)

2000             Power and its Disguises: Anthropological Perspectives on Politics. 288 pp. London and Boulder, Col.: Pluto Press. Second Edition, revised and extended (Ch 4 & 8)


West, Cornell

1990            The New Cultural Politics of Difference. In Out There:  Marginalization and Contemporary Cultures. Ferguson et al., ed. Cambridge: MIT Press.


Escobar, Arturo, Sonia E. Álvarez y Evelina Dagnino

2001              “Introducción: Lo cultural y lo político en los nuevos movimientos sociales latinoamericano”, en Arturo Escobar, Sonia E. Álvarez y Evelina Dagnino (eds.), Política cultural y cultura política, Instituto Colombiano de Antropología e Historia y Taurus, Bogotá, pp. 17-48.

1998             “Introduction: The Cultural and the Political in Latin American Social Movements” In Arturo Escobar, Sonia E. Álvarez y Evelina Dagnino (eds.), Cultures of Politics, Politics of Cultures Boulder:Westview Press. Pp.1-33.


Hale, Charles R.

1997   Cultural politics of identity in Latin America.  Annual Reviews in Anthropology.  26:567 90.



Knight, Alan

1990            Historical Continuities in Social Movements. In Popular Movements and Political Change in Mexico. J. Foweraker and A. Craig, eds. Pp. 78-105. Boulder: Lynn Rienner.



Septiembre 30: Dudas, reformulaciones y problema del poder (CRH)


Foucault, Michel

2003             “El Sujeto y el Poder” traducción de   Santiago Carassale y Angélica Vitale  versión electrónica en

1983            “Power and Subject”  In Hubert L. Dreyfus an Paul Rabinow: Michel Foucault: beyond structuralism and hermeneutics Chicago: Chicago University Press


Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty.

2003.             “¿Puede hablar el subalterno? “ En Revista Colombiana de Antropología. (39): 297-364.

1988             ” Can the Subaltern Speak?” In Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture. Eds. Cary Nelson and Lawrence Grossberg. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1988: 271-313.


Abu-Lughod, Lila

1990            The Romance of Resistance:  Tracing transformations of power through Bedouin women. American Ethnologist 17(1):41-55.



McNay, Lois

1994            Foucault.  A Critical Introduction. Oxford: Polity Press. Pp. 85-163.



**primer ensayo analítico**

Fecha entrega:  lunes 5 a las 5:00 p.m.


Sección II: Sobre y desde América Latina


Octubre 7: Movimientos Indígenas I: Movimiento Zapatista (AH)


Hernández Castillo, Rosalva Aída

2003            Mayan Lives, Mayan Utopias: The Indigenous Peoples of Chiapas and the Zapatista Rebellion Series: Latin American Perspectives in the Classroom  Rowman and Littlefield,  pp. 1-27.


Mignolo, Walter (2007)

2007 La Revolución Teórica del Zapatismo y el Pensamiento Decolonial  Universidad de la Tierra/CIDESI, San Cristóbal de las Casas (Pp.99)




Millán, Margara

2008             “Nuevos espacios, nuevas actoras. Neozapatismo y su significado para las mujeres indígenas” en Rosalva Aída Hernández (editora) Etnografías e Historias de Resistencia. Mujeres Indígenas, Procesos Organizativos y Nuevas Identidades Políticas México: CIESAS/PUEG-UNAM. Pp. 217-249.



Octubre 14: Movimientos Indígenas II: El caso boliviano y el concepto de Pachukuti (AH)


Guitérrez Aguilar, Raquel

2009             Los Ritmos del Pachakuti. Levantamiento y Movilizacion en Bolivia (2000-2005). Mexico: Ediciones Bajo T



Octubre 21: Movimientos Afro en América Latina (CRH)


Restrepo, Eduardo

2005             Políticas de la teoría y dilemas de los estudios de las comunidades negras”, Popayán, Universidad del Cauca, 2005. 212 p.


Perry, Keisha-Khan

2004            “The Roots of Black Resistance: Race, Gender adn the Struggle for Urban Land Rights in Salvador, Bahia Brazil” En Social Identities 10(6):811-831.


Gordon, Edmund T.

1998            Disparate Diasporas:  Identity and Politics in an African-Nicaraguan Community. Austin: University of Texas Press.  CH 1, 6 y 7



Octubre 28: Resistencia y Teoría Crítica de Raza (CRH)


Gall, Olivia

2004            Identidad, exclusión y racismo: reflexiones teóricas y sobre México” en Revista Mexicana de Sociología año 66 Número 2, abril-junio.


Vargas, Joao

2004            Hyperconsciousness of Race and its Negation:  The Dialectic of White Supremacy in Brazil. Identities 11:443-470.


Bourdieu, Pierre, and Loic Wacquant

1999            On the Cunning of Imperialist Reason. Theory, Culture, and Society 16(1):41-58.




Hanchard, Michael

2003            Acts of Misrecognition:  Transnational Black Politics, Anti-Imperialism, and the Ethnocentrism of Pierre Bourdiue and Loic Wacquant. Theory, Culture, and Society 20(5-29).



Noviembre 4:  Politizando el Género: Movimientos de Mujeres en América Latina (AH)


Molyneux, Maxine

2003            Movimientos de Mujeres en América Latina. Estudio Teórico Comparado Valencia, España: Editorial Cátedra-. (Capítulo 5: “Análisis de los movimientos de Mujeres” Pp-217-249)


Hernández Castillo, Rosalva Aída

2008             Etnografías e Historias de Resistencias.Mujeres Indígenas, Procesos Organizativos y Nuevas Identidades Políticas, CIESAS-PUEG-UNAM, México D.F (Capítulo 1 45-127)


Alexander, Jacqui

2005             Pedagogies of Crossing: Meditations on Feminism, Sexual Politics, Memory, and the Sacred Perverse Modernities Duke University Press. (Selecciones) 


Marcos Sylvia y Margarite Waller

2008             Diálogo y Diferencia. Retos Feministas a la globalización. UNAM-CEIICH/IMM, México D.F. (Capítulo 6 “Conversación sobre “El Imperialismo Feminista y las Políticas de la Diferencia. Shu-mei Shig, Silvia Marcos y Obioma Nnaemeka”.)


Marguerite Waller and Sylvia Marcos

2006             Dialogue and Difference. Feminisms Challenge and Globalization Comparative Feminist Studies Palgrave.MacMillan Press.


**segundo ensayo analítico**

A entregar:  lunes 9 de noviembre 5:00 p.m.


Sección III Repensando y Practicando la Resistencia desde el Sur


Noviembre 11:  Intelectuales Mayas Teorizan la Resistencia Indígena


[detalles a llenar]


Pop Cal (en Bonfil, Utopias y Revolución)

Cumes, Aura

Esquit, Edgar (en Memorias del Mestizaje)

Velasquez Nimatuj, Irma Alicia



Noviembre 18:  Colonialidad del Poder y Descolonización del Conocimiento (CRH)


Quijano, Aníbal

2001            “Colonialidad del Poder.  Cultura y Conocimiento en America Latina”. En Capitalismo y geopolitica del conocimiento.  El eurocentrismo y la filosofía de la liberación en el debate intelectual contemporáneo. W. D. Mignolo, ed. Pp. 117-132. Buenos Aires: Ediciones del Signo / Duke University Press.


Lugones, María

2008            “Colonialidad y Género” En Tabula Rasa: revista de humanidades No. 9, Pp. 73-102.


Ribeiro, Gustavo Lins y Arturo Escobar.

2006.             Antropologías del mundo: transformaciones disciplinarias dentro de sistemas de poder. Universitas Humanística. (61): 15-49



Noviembre 25:  Politizando y Cuestionando la Comunidad (AH)


Tapia, Luis

2006             La Invención del Núcleo Común. Ciudanía y Gobierno Multisocial Muela del Diablo Editores, La Paz Bolivia (Propongo leerlo completo 95 pgs)


Díaz, Floriberto

2008             Floriberto Díaz: Comunalidad energía viva del pensamiento mixe; ayuujktsënää'yën, ayuujkwenmää'ny, ayuujkmëjkäjtën México:UNAM. (Capítulo 1: Comunidad y Comunalidad)


Joseph, Miranda

2002            Against the Romance of Community. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.  (Selecciones)


Diciembre 2 Conclusiones

**tercer ensayo analítico **

A entregar:  TBA 


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