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Library Catalog

Are you looking for that something extra that will bring a distant land to life in your classroom? We can help you brighten up your classes with colorful clothing students can try on, traditional instruments and games students can play, and films showing what daily life is really like in other countries.

Our libraries contain curriculum guides, non-fiction books, literature in translation and folktales, videos and DVDs, and artifact trunks and clothing. Choose from literally hundreds of items of nearly every shape, size, and description that can help you enhance your existing lesson plans or develop new ones.

Our lending libraries are available to educators nationwide. There is no charge to borrow items; the only cost is return postage.

Browse available library items below. To request an item please email the appropriate contact:

lengelman@austin.utexas.edu
Lindsey Engelman
Public Engagement Coordinator
Teresa Lozano Long Institute of Latin American Studies


7 Days: Mexico

Format: DVD
Description:

Mexico, land of the Maya and Aztec, temples and beaches and with a population of twenty-six million the bubbling metropolis of Mexico City is a maze of streets, flat roofs, skyscrapers and parks.


Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Travel Video Store.com, 2007, 52 min.

Accidental President of Brazil, The: A Memoir

Author: Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Format: Book
Description:

Fernando Henrique Cardoso received a phone call in the middle of the night asking him to be the new Finance Minister of Brazil. As he put the phone down and stared into the darkness of his hotel room, he feared he'd been handed a political death sentence. The year was 1993, and he would be responsible for an economy that had had seven different currencies in the previous eight years to cope with inflation that had run at 3000 percent a year. Brazil had a habit of chewing up finance ministers with the ferocity of an Amazon piranha.

This was just one of the turns in a largely unscripted and sometimes unwanted political career. In exile during the harshest period of the junta that ruled Brazil for twenty years, Cardoso started his political life with a tentative run for the Federal Senate in 1978. Within fifteen years, and despite himself, this former sociologist was running the country.

And what a country! Brazil, it is often said, is on the edge of modernity, striding with one foot in mid-air towards the future, the other still rooted deep in a traditional past. It is a land of sophisticated music and brutal gold-digging, of the next global superpower and the last old-time coffee plantations. It is gloriously ungovernable, irrepressibly attractive, and home to the family, friends and extraordinary life of Fernando Henrique Cardoso. This is his story and his love song to his country.


Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Fernando Henrique Cardoso. New York: Public Affairs, 2006. 291 pp. w/index.

Adelita: A Mexican Cinderella Story

Author: Tommie de Paola
Format: Book
Description: After the death of her mother and fater, Adelita is badly mistreated by her stepmother and stepsisters until she find her own true love at a grand fiesta.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Tommie de Paola. NY: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 2002. 32 pp.

African Myth and Black Reality in Bahian Carnaval

Author: Daniel J. Crowley
Format: Book
Description: A brief background, with photos, of Afro-Brazilian Carnaval traditions in Salvador, Brazil. A look at Carnaval, Carnaval organizations, and the various types of Carnaval groups.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Daniel J. Crowley. Los Angeles: UCLA Museum of Cultural History, 1984. Monograph Series, #25. 47 pp.

African Presence in Mexico, The: From Yanga to the Present

Format: Book
Description: Exhibition catalog. For nearly 500 years, the existence and contributions of the African descendants in Mexico have been overlooked. Africans arrived in Mexico in 1519. Yanga, an African leader, founded the first free African township in the Americas (January 6, 1609). Since then Africans have continued to contribute their artistic, culinary, musical, and cultural traditions to Mexican culture through the present day. No exhibition has showcased the history, artistic expressions, and practices of Afro-Mexicans in such a broad scope as this one, which includes a comprehensive range of artwork from 18th Century Colonial Caste Paintings to contemporary artistic expressions.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Chicago: Mexican Fine Arts Center Museum, 2006. 229 pp.

Afro-Latin America, 1800-2000

Author: George Reid Andrews.
Format: Book
Description:

While the rise and abolition of slavery and ongoing race relations are central themes of the history of the United States, the African diaspora actually had a far greater impact on Latin and Central America. More than ten times as many Africans came to Spanish and Portuguese America as the United States.

In this, the first history of the African diaspora in Latin America from emancipation to the present, George Reid Andrews deftly synthesizes the history of people of African descent in every Latin American country from Mexico and the Caribbean to Argentina. He examines how African peooples and their descendants made their way from slavery to freedom and how they helped shape and responded to political, economic, and cultural changes in their societies. Individually and collectively they pursued the goals of freedom, equality, and citizenship through military service, political parties, civic organizations, labor unions, religious activity, and other avenues.


Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: George Reid Andrews. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 284 pp. w/index.

AfroReggae: Nenhum motivo explica a guerra

Format: DVD
Description:

Video of AfroReggae, a band from one of Rio's most violent favelas, performing their CD, "No motive explains the war."


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: AfroReggae, 2006. 150 min. In Portuguese, with English subtitles.

Against the Grain: An Artist's Survival Guide to Peru

Format: DVD
Description:

In 1989, Alfredo Márquez used an image of Mao in an artwork. He was sentenced to 20 years in prison. For every artist, the need to create and be heard is as basic as food and shelter. But what happens when you live in a country where the state clamps down on free thinkers, forcing artists to censure themselves? Four Peruvian visual artists, including Márquez, defy this tyranny through their work and ignite change, challenging ordinary people to speak out. These struggles and commitments raise the question: Is freedom of expression a right or a privilege?

Spanning two decades of corrupt governments and inept leaders, this film tells the story of four inspiring artists: Claudio Jiménez Quispe flees his home in Ayacucho because of insurgency with the Shining Path, a Maoist rebel group. He chronicles this violence in his retablos, traditional wooden display boxes. Alfredo Márquez, active in the 1980s underground punk scene, produces bold, political images despite four years of unjust imprisonment. With the downfall of former president Alberto Fujimori, critics targeted Japanese Peruvians like Eduardo Tokeshi, yet he reaffirms his identity through a series of red and white Peruvian flags. Natalia Iguíñiz provokes the Catholic Church and the socially conservative middle class with controversial images that challenge gender and class. Each artist teaches us what it means to persevere and make art in a country like Perú.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: New Day Films, 2008. 65 min. In Spanish and English, with subtitles.

AIDS in the Caribbean

Format: Videocassette
Description: Danny Glover travels to Port of Spain to witness the effects of HIV/AIDS on children and teenagers. He befriends 17-year old Shawn, who fears ostracism if his classmates learn he is HIV-positive.
Publication details: What's Going On? series. Zenger Media, 2003. 28 minutes.

Altun Ha: A Guidebook to the Ancient Maya Ruins

Author: David M. Pendergast
Format: Book
Description: A detailed guide to the Mayan ruins at Altun Ha, with illustrations of art work and detailed maps of the site.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: David M. Pendergast, 2nd edition, University of Toronto Press, 1976. 47 pp.

Amazing Destinations: Caribbbean and Mexico

Format: Videocassette
Description: A video visit to Cuba, Jamaica, Guadeloupe and Mexico's Chichen Itza. Accompanied by teacher's guide, with discussion questions, a lesson plan, and NCSS standards alignment.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Assignment Discovery/Discovery Channel School, Discovery Channel Education, 2002. 26 minutes.

Amazing Destinations: Peru and Brazil

Format: Videocassette
Description: A video visit to Lima, Macchu Picchu, and Lake Titicaca in Peru and Rio de Janeiro and Salvador in Brazil. Good basic information on history and culture of both countries, although cultures are exoticized slightly. Accompanied by teacher's guide, with discussion questions, a lesson plan, and NCSS standards alignment.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Publication details: Discovery Channel Education, 2002. 26 minutes.

Amazing Destinations: Treasures of South America

Format: Videocassette
Description: A video visit to the Galapagos, Cuzco and Iguassu Falls. Accompanied by teacher's guide, with discussion questions, a lesson plan, and NCSS standards alignment.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Assignment Discovery/Discovery Channel School, Discovery Channel Education, 2002. 26 minutes.

Amazon Alphabet

Author: Martin and Tanis Jordan
Format: Book
Description:

Young children learn the A to Z's of the Amazon as the wild animals--such as the quetzals, dolphins, zorros, frogs, and many others--, are presented in an informative alphabet book with complete glossary, factual notes, and pronunciation guide.


Grade level 1: Elementary
Publication details: Martin and Tanis Jordan. New York: Kingfisher, 1996. 48 pp.

Amazon, The: Aquatic Ecosystem (The Jeff Corwin Experience)

Author: Discovery Channel School
Format: DVD
Description: Follow Jeff to the most impressive river system in the world, the Amazon. In Brazil, he encounters the exotic and beautiful creatures whose natural history can help scientists determine the health of the Amazon ecosystem. DVD includes standards links and teacher's guide.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Discovery School, 2005. 45 min.

Amazon: Land of the Flooded Forest

Format: Videocassette
Description: Narrated by William Shatner. Where torrential rains annually flood the dry forest floor, see graceful river dolphins swim through the treetops. Naturalist Michael Goulding explains the surprising and fragile ecological interdependence of forests, floods, and fish.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: National Geographic, 1990. 60 minutes.

Americas: An Anthology

Author: Mark B. Rosenberg
Format: Book
Description: Companion piece to Americas; The Changing Face of Latin America and the Caribbean. A selection of brief (3-5 page) high-interest primary and secondary source materials, including speeches, letters, government documents, newspaper and magazine articles, essays, and cartoons. Includes pieces written by Bartolome de las Casas, Simon Bolivar, Getulio Vargas, Eva Peron, John F. Kennedy, Rigoberta Menchu, Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, Mario Vargas Llosa, Pablo Neruda, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Theodore Roosevelt, Fidel Castro, and more.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Mark B. Rosenberg, A. Douglas Kincaid and Kathleen Logan, eds. Oxford University Press, 1992. 380 pp.

Americas: The Changing Face of Latin America and the Caribbean

Author: Peter Winn
Format: Book
Description: Americas is the most authoritative history available of contemporary Latin America and the Caribbean. From Mexico to Tierra del Fuego, from Cuba to Trinidad and Tobago, Americas examines the historical, demographic, political, social, cultural, religious, and economic trends in the region. Also see the 10-part Americas video series and Americas: An Anthology, which provides primary and secondary source materials, on the same topics presented in the original volume.
Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: High
Grade level 3: Adult
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Peter Winn. University of California Press, 1999 (Updated Edition). 646 pp.

Analyzing Primary Sources Activity Book

Author: Dr. Aaron Willis
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: This book of reproducible lessons is designed to complement the PowerPoint presentation and posters by providing students with concrete examples of primary source analysis. The lessons ask students to look at the different types of primary sources and then provide guiding questions to help them analyze the content. Posters address questions to ask in analyzing political cartoons, texts, historical maps, artifacts, primary sources, and photographs; determining primary versus secondary sources; and assessing bias.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Dr. Aaron Willis, Project Coordinator. Culver City, CA: Social Studies School Service, 2003. CD containing a PowerPoint presentation on analyzing primary sources, 8 11"x17" posters, and 49 pp. workbook.

Ancient and Living Cultures: Ancient Mexico (Stencils)

Author: Mira Bartok and Christine Ronan.
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: A booklet including an introduction to ancient Mexican cultures, a map, illustrations of everyday life, rituals and games, stencils with cultural explanations, myths, projects, and a list of resources.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Mira Bartok and Christine Ronan. GoodYear Books, Glenview, IL, 1993. 24 pp.

Ancient and Living Cultures: The Incas and their Ancestors (Stencils)

Author: Mira Bartok and Christine Ronan
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: A booklet including an introduction to Inca culture, a map, illustrations of everyday life, stencils with cultural explanations, myths, projects, and a list of resources.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Mira Bartok and Christine Ronan. GoodYear Books, Glenview, IL, 1994. 24 pp.

Ancient Maya, The

Author: Irene Flum Galvin
Format: Book
Description: Examines the history, culture, religion, and social structure of the ancient Maya. Good background reading, many color photos.
Grade level 1: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Irene Flum Galvin. Cultures of the Past series. Marshall Cavendish Corp., NY, 1997. 80 pp.

Ancient Maya, The

Author: Robert J. Sharer.
Format: Book
Description: The rich findings of recent exploration and research are incorporated in this completely revised and greatly expanded edition of the standard work on the New World's most brilliant native civilization—that of the Maya people of northern Central America and southern Mexico.
Grade level 1: High
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Robert J. Sharer. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 5th edition, 1994. 892 pp.

Andre's Life

Format: DVD
Description: Between August 2004 and January 2005, UT graduate student Joseph Carter studied the economic and social effects of tourism on the favela of Rocinha, in Rio de Janeiro. Although tourism was the primary focus of his research, he was very much interested in the realities of Rocinha that the tours do not show. This led him to explore the most precarious areas of the favela and to see how their residents lived, including the neighborhood of Roupa Suja, where a significant number of residents survive by picking up trash. He had been collecting interviews on video for his project on tourism so he decided to make a documentary film on the lives of the catadores (people who pick up trash). Roupa Suja is considered to be one of the poorest areas of the favela and there is a negative stigma attached to it, an example of social stratification within Rocinha, which is in turn considered a subaltern part of greater Rio. A very steep hike to the top of Roupa Suja leads to some of the most precarious homes in all of the favela. One of the residents here is Andre Clemente dos Santos. The film is an example of the resourcefulness of the poorest favela residents in the absence of any social assistance or formal employment. The DVD reveals Andre's economic condition, his relative social exclusion, and his dreams and aspirations. Andre's experience is an eloquent testimony of the reality lived by millions of Brazilians.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Economics
Publication details: Joseph Carter Productions, 2005. 44 minutes.

Andy Palacio and the Garifuna Collective: Watina

Format: Audio CD
Description: A stunning album featuring an all-star, multi-generational lineup of musicians from the African-Amerindian Garifuna communities of Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras. Each track on Watina is based on a traditional Garifuna rhythm and all of the lyrics are in the Garifuna tongue, a unique and endangered language whose root is Arawak influenced by Carib, French, and, possibly, West African languages. In 2001, UNESCO declared the Garifuna language, music, and dance Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Compact Disc. Cumbancha, 2007.

Angel's Kite/La estrella de Angel

Author: Alberto Blanco. Illustrated by Rodolfo Morales.
Format: Book
Description: The story of how a young kite maker mysteriously brings back the missing bell to his beloved town. Lovely illustrations.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: Alberto Blanco. Illustrated by Rodolfo Morales. Children's Book Press, San Francisco, 1994. 32 pp. BILINGUAL BOOK.

AppleSeeds: Amazon Adventures

Format: Book
Description: AppleSeeds focuses on the Amazon in this issue. Included are articles on Amazonian animals (e.g., pink dolphins, butterflies, sea turtles), the source of the Amazon river, and Amazonian botany.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Peterborough, NH: Cobblestone Publishing Co., 2001. 32 pp.

Approach of Dawn

Format: Videocassette
Description: A personal view of the human rights struggle in Guatemala, this documentary shares the story of three women whose lives were shattered by genocidal war—the longest civil war in Latin America. A deeply moving look at the severe cost of violent conflict.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Maryknoll World Productions, Maryknoll, NY, 1998. 52minutes.

Argentina

Author: Martin Hintz
Format: Book
Description: Describes the geography, plants, animals, history, economy, culture, and people of Argentina. Many color photos. Good background reading.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Martin Hintz, Enchantment of the World Series, Children's Press, 1998. 144 pp.

Argentina

Format: Videocassette
Description: A slow-moving, but good introduction to the country. Interesting segments on the indigenous peoples and native animals.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Travel Videos
Publication details: From "On Top of the World with Anne Martin" documentary series, Novacorp International, 1993. 60 minutes.

Argentina

Format: Videocassette
Description: Get to know Argentina: Visit the incredible Iguazu Falls, almost a mile wide. Catch the Train to the Clouds, one of the most spectacular railway journeys in Latin America. Spend a day with the gauchos, the amazing Argentine cowboys. Learn the Tango. Visit the San Moreno glacier at the tip of Latin America. Lonely Plant videos are full of interesting facts and thrilling, unusual travel experiences.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Travel Videos
Publication details: Lonely Planet, Pilot Productions, Oakland, CA, 1999. 47 minutes.

Argentina Reader, The: History, Culture, Politics

Author: Gabriela Nouzeilles and Graciela Montaldo, eds.
Format: Book
Description: This diverse collection brings together songs, articles, comic strips, scholarly essays, poems, and short stories. Most pieces are by Argentines. More than forty of the texts have never before appeared in English. Many selections deal with the history of indigenous Argentines, workers, women, blacks, and groups often ignored in descriptions of the country. At the same time, the book includes excerpts by or about such major political figures as Jose de San Martin and Juan Peron. Selections are brief; many are primary sources; good complementary material for a geography or history class. See also THE MEXICO READER, THE BRAZIL READER, and THE PERU READER.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Gabriela Nouzeilles and Graciela Montaldo, eds. Durham: Duke University Press, 2002. 580 pp. w/index.

Argentina: Land of Natural Wonder

Format: Videocassette
Description: From Tierra del Fuego, the country's southernmost region, to Aconcagua, the tallest mountain in the western hemisphere, this collection of terrains and climates is among the most diverse anywhere, equaled only by the variety of animals and ocean life found in and around them. Good overview of this large and diverse country.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Publication details: Video Visits, South American Collection, Video Travel Library, International Video Network, San Ramon, CA, 1990. 51 minutes.

Arroz Con Leche: Popular Songs and Rhymes from Latin America

Author: Selected and illustrated by Lulu Delacre
Format: Book
Description: Words in English and Spanish, rhymes, melodies and game instructions from Argentina, Mexico, and Puerto Rico.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Selected and illustrated by Lulu Delacre, a Scholastic Blue Ribbon Book, Scholastic Inc., New York, 1989. 32 pp.

Art and Achitecture of the Texas Missions, The

Author: Jacinto Quirarte
Format: Book
Description:

Built to bring Christianity and European civilization to the northern frontier of New Spain in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries...secularized and left to decay in the nineteenth century...and restored in the twentieth century, the Spanish missions still standing in Texas are really only shadows of their original selves. The mission churches, once beautifully adorned with carvings and sculptures on their façades and furnished inside with elaborate altarpieces and paintings, today only hint at their colonial-era glory through the vestiges of art and architectural decoration that remain.

To paint a more complete portrait of the missions as they once were, Jacinto Quirarte here draws on decades of on-site and archival research to offer the most comprehensive reconstruction and description of the original art and architecture of the six remaining Texas missions--San Antonio de Valero (the Alamo), San José y San Miguel de Aguayo, Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción, San Juan Capistrano, and San Francisco de la Espada in San Antonio and Nuestra Señora del Espíritu Santo in Goliad. Using church records and other historical accounts, as well as old photographs, drawings, and paintings, Quirarte describes the mission churches and related buildings, their decorated surfaces, and the (now missing) altarpieces, whose iconography he extensively analyzes. He sets his material within the context of the mission era in Texas and the Southwest, so that the book also serves as a general introduction to the Spanish missionary program and to Indian life in Texas.


Grade level 1: High School
Publication details: Austin: University of Texas Press, 2002. 261 pp.

Atlantic Slave Trade, The

Author: Herbert S. Klein
Format: Book
Description:

This survey is a synthesis of the economic, social, cultural, and political history of the Atlantic slave trade, providing the general reader with a basic understanding of the current state of scholarly knowledge of forced African migration and compares this knowledge to popular beliefs. The Atlantic Slave Trade examines the four hundred years of Atlantic slave trade, covering the West and East African experiences, as well as all the American colonies and republics that obtained slaves from Africa. It outlines both the common features of this trade and the local differences that developed. It discusses the slave trade's economics, politics, demographic impact, and cultural implications in relationship to Africa as well as America. Finally, it places the slave trade in the context of world trade and examines the role it played in the growing relationship between Asia, Africa, Europe, and America. This new edition incorporates the latest findings of the last decade in slave trade studies carried out in Europe and America. It also includes new data on the slave trade voyages which have just recently been made available to the public.


Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. 234 pp. w/index.

Austin, Es Pura Diversion

Format: Videocassette
Description: A promotional video about Austin, in Spanish. Brief, easy to follow—good as a listening comprehension activity for intermediate Spanish students.
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: Hispanic Chamber of Commerce, Austin, TX. 6 minutes.

Aztec Empire, The

Author: R. Conrad Stein
Format: Book
Description: Examines the history, culture, religion, and social structure of the ancient Aztecs. Good background reading, many color photos.
Grade level 1: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: R. Conrad Stein. Cultures of the Past series. Marshall Cavendish Corp., NY, 1996. 80 pp.

Aztec, Inca & Maya

Author: Elizabeth Baquedano
Format: Book
Description:

Full-color photos. Unravel the remarkable mysteries of the ancient peoples who built great palaces and pyramids, and developed an accurate calendar and a knowledge of astronomy without the benefit of telescopes or written language. 


Grade level 1: Elementary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Elizabeth Baquedano. New York: DK Eyewitness Books, 2000. 64 pp.

Aztec, The: Indians of North America

Format: Videocassette
Description: Based on the Chelsea House Publishers' series on Native Americans, this video challenges stereotypes and explores contemporary issues as well as history.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Schlessinger Video Productions, Bala Cynwyd, PA, 1993. 30 minutes.

Aztecs, Moors and Christians: Festivals of Reconquest in Mexico and Spain

Author: Max Harris
Format: Book
Description:

In villages and towns across Spain and its former New World colonies, local performers stage mock battles between Spanish Christians and Moors or Aztecs that range from brief sword dances to massive street theatre lasting several days. The festival tradition officially celebrates the triumph of Spanish Catholicism over its enemies, yet this does not explain its persistence for more than five hundred years nor its widespread diffusion.

In this insightful book, Max Harris seeks to understand Mexicans' "puzzling and enduring passion" for festivals of moros y cristianos. He begins by tracing the performances' roots in medieval Spain and showing how they came to be superimposed on the mock battles that had been a part of pre-contact Aztec calendar rituals. Then using James Scott's distinction between "public" and "hidden transcripts," he reveals how, in the hands of folk and indigenous performers, these spectacles of conquest became prophecies of the eventual reconquest of Mexico by the defeated Aztec peoples. Even today, as lively descriptions of current festivals make plain, they remain a remarkably sophisticated vehicle for the communal expression of dissent.


Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Max Harris. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2000. 309 pp. w/index.

Aztecs, The

Author: Rosemary Rees, Sue Styles, Richard Scollins
Format: Book
Description:

Explains the various elements of the Aztecs, including their history, daily life, religion, cooking and eating, trading and transportation, and more.


Grade level 1: Elementary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Rosemary Rees, Sue Styles, Richard Scollins. Oxford: Heineman, 1996. 48 pp.

Aztecs: Reign of Blood and Splendor

Format: Book
Description: Rich, detailed photographs of artifacts, cities, etc. Good picturebook for all ages.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: Adult
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Lost Civilizations, Time-Life Books, Alexandria, VA, 1993. 168 pp.

Bahia Tatuagems

Author: Arlete Soares
Format: Book
Description:

Coffee table book of photographs from Bahia, in Northeastern Brazil. Limited Portuguese text, full colors photos.


Grade level 1: All
Publication details: Arlete Soares. Salvador: Corrupio, 2000.

Bahia vista do alto/A View from Above

Format: Book
Description:

Aerial photographs of Bahia in Northeatern Brazil. Limited text in English and Portuguese.

Beautiful coffeetable book.


Grade level 1: All
Publication details: Salvador: Corrupio, 2003.

Bahia: Africa in the Americas

Format: Videocassette
Country of origin: Brazil
Description: Brock Peters narrates this documentary that examines the African cultural traditions preserved by the people of Bahia (Northeastern Brazil) in their music, dance, art, food, and especially their Candomble religion. Accompanied by Classroom Teaching Notes compiled by Dr. Sheila Walker.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: University of California Extension, Center for Media and Independent Living, Berkeley, CA., 1988. 58 minutes.

Baja California and the Copper Canyon

Format: Videocassette
Description: The isolated peninsula of Baja California is situated off the southwest coast of the United States. Once a haven for mercenaries, revolutionaries, gangsters and anyone on the run from the law, Baja California is now the destination for millions of tourists seeking miles of endless beaches. Hitch a ride on Baja's only highway, go whale watching, experience a true ranchero-style dance, travel by train to Copper Canyon, and meet a community of cave-dwelling Tarahumara Indians. Globe Trekker videos are full of interesting facts and thrilling, unusual travel experiences.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Travel Videos
Publication details: Globe Trekker, Pilot Film and TV Productions, 2002. 50 minutes.

Ballet Folklorico

Format: Videocassette
Description: Explore the rich culture and heritage of Mexico through the traditional dance and music of Ballet Folklorico. These dances embrace pre-Hispanic rituals, dramatic events from Mexico's past, and colorful depictions of Mexico's diverse culture. Learn all about the vibrant colors and motions.
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Teacher's Video Company, 2003. 15 minutes. On VHS and DVD.

Bananas: An American History

Author: Virginia Scott Jenkins
Format: Book
Description: BANANAS is the latest in a line of social histories of different foodstuffs. Jenkins, a scholar-in-residence at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, discusses the influence of bananas on American foreign policy, humor, and popular music (from Carmen Miranda to the Chiquita Banana Song). She brings up some interesting points, e.g., that American banana companies were responsible for much of the infrastructure built in Central America and that the Banana Festival in Fulton, KY, was actually a weapon against communism.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Virginia Scott Jenkins. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2000. 210 pp. including index.

Battle of Chile, The

Format: DVD
Description:

On September 11, 1973, President Salvador Allende’s democratically-elected Chilean government was overthrown in a bloody coup by General Augusto Pinochet's army.

Patricio Guzmán and five colleagues had been filming the political developments in Chile throughout the nine months leading up to that day. The bombing of the Presidential Palace, during which Allende died, would now become the ending for Guzmán’s seminal documentary THE BATTLE OF CHILE, an epic chronicle of that country's open and peaceful socialist revolution, and of the violent counter-revolution against it.

Long banned in Chile after Pinochet’s coup, only in 1997 could Guzmán return to show THE BATTLE OF CHILE there for the first time. CHILE, OBSTINATE MEMORY (included on the fourth disc here) is the extraordinarily moving record of that homecoming, and a fitting conclusion to a “thrilling documentary double feature,”6 “the unusual opportunity to see one film artist sustain an inquiry into the life of a troubled country over the course of decades.”7


Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Icarus Films, 1997. 262 min. Spanish, with English subtitles.

Before We Were Free

Author: Julia Alvarez
Format: Book
Description: In the early 1960s in the Dominican Republic, twelve-year old Anita learns that her family is involved in the underground movement to end the bloody rule of the dictator, General Trujillo. Named a Notable Social Studies Trade Book for Young People (2003) by the National Council for the Social Studies.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Julia Alvarez. NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002. 167 pp.

Behind the Sun

Author: Directed by Walter Salles
Format: Videocassette
Description: Golden Globe Award Nominee for Best Foreign Language Film. In the brutal Brazilian badlands of 1910, two families are locked in a bloody, generations-old feud. In one family, the oldest remaining son—distressed by the prospect of death and encouraged by his younger brother—begins to question the cycle of violence. Then, a beautiful young woman crosses his path and opens his eyes to life outside his culture's rigid code of honor. Stunning visuals, historically-accurate scenes depicting life on the sugar plantation.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Directed by Walter Salles. Miramax Films, 2000. 92 minutes. In Portuguese with English subtitles. Rated PG-13 for some violence and a scene of sexuality.

Beyond our Borders: Argentina

Format: Videocassette
Description: Argentina's name derives from the Spanish word for "silver," which brought the early Europeans to this land, and we see why it is a country of still-untapped wealth. The stark, spectacular beauty of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego wildnernesses is contrasted with the somewhat faded but highly civilized ambience of the city of Buenos Aires. We experience the cultural and economic wealth of the pampas where the gaucho still rides herd. The diverse peoples and terrains of this remote country are revealed.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: New Dimension Film, copyright 2005. 30 minutes. Teacher's Guide printed inside video case.

Beyond our Borders: Brazil

Format: Videocassette
Description: We see an overview of the geography and history of the country that comprises 50% of the landmass and population of South America. Five distinct regions make up Brazil: the North, the Northeast, the Central West, the Southeast, and the South. From small native populations in the Amazon to the world's third largest city, São Paulo, we experience once of the world's countries with both the greatest potential and the most serious problems.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Publication details: New Dimension Films, copyright 2005. 30 minutes. Teacher's Guide printed inside video case.

Beyond our Borders: Cuba

Format: Videocassette
Description: Combining an overview of history and geography, we learn how the conquering Spaniards intermarried with the remnants of Cuba's indigenous tribes and with African slaves, producing a people of diverse features and rich culture. We learn how La Habana became Havana, the capital, and cities such as Santiago de Cuba, Cienfuegos, Camaguay (formerly Puerto Principe), and others are also covered, as are the importance of sugar, tobacco, the Spanish American War, Jose Marti, and Fidel Castro.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: New Dimension Media, copyright 2005. 30 minutes. Teacher's Guide printed inside video case.

Beyond our Borders: Mexico

Format: Videocassette
Description: From the arid deserts of northern Mexico to the Lacandon rainforests in southern Mexico, we are introduced to the richness of Mexico's geography and history. Spanish language and culture dominate Mexico City and elsewhere, but 22 existing Indian peoples continue traditional languages and cultures. Other important cities such as Cuernavaca, Taxco, and Merida are investigated, as are regions or states such as Oaxaca, the Yucatan Mayan ruins, and barren but beautiful Baja California.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: New Dimension Media, copyright 2005. 30 minutes. Teacher's Guide printed inside video cover.

Beyond our Borders: Peru

Format: Videocassette
Description: Its Inca heritage makes Peru one of the most important Latin American countries, and many westerners still travel to Machu Picchu's ruins. But its Spanish heritage can be seen in cities like Cuzco and Lima. There are even stranger relics of its indigenous past in the Nazca Lines, which are ancient linear rock and sand patterns. The Amazon jungle and rubber barons' buildings reveal even more diversity in this land where the past still lives in the present.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: New Dimension Media, copyright 2005. 30 minutes. Teacher's Guide printed inside video case.

Biblioburro: A True Story from Colombia

Author: Jeannette Winter
Format: Book
Description:

Luis loves to read, but soon his house in Colombia is so full of books there's barely room for the family. What to do? Then he comes up with the perfect solution--a traveling library! He buys two donkeys--Alfa and Beto--and travels with them throughout the land, bringing books and reading to the children in faraway villages. Beautiful!

Complete with an author's note about the real man on whom this story is based.


Grade level 1: Elementary
Publication details: Jeannette Winter. New York: Beach Lane Books, 2010. 32 pp.

Biodiversity: Belize!

Format: Multimedia Instruction Kit
Description: Team up with scientists to explore the diversity of flora and fauna that thrive in a tropical rain forest and with archaeologists who study Xunan-tunich, a classic Maya city. Then, dive off the coast to study a coral reef. Use this multidisciplinary kit to incorporate the JASON Project curriculum into your Earth science and life science classes. This GeoKit can be used year after year to stimulate student learning and inquiry into these exciting and relevant science topics. This Kit includes : the award-winning JASON Project curriculum; a colorful poster ; three videos (JASON PROJECT V: BELIZE HIGHLIGHTS, RAIN FOREST, LOST CITY OF THE MAYA); Teacher's Guide; trivia ; correlations to national standards in science, math, and geography; and assessment guidelines.
Grade level 1: Middle
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: GeoKit. National Geographic Society, 1998.

Black in Latin America with Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Format: DVD
Description:

Black in Latin America, a new four-part series on the influence of African descent on Latin America, is the 11th and latest production from renowned Harvard scholar Henry Louis Gates, Jr. Latin America is often associated with music, monuments and sun, but each of the six countries featured in Black in Latin America including the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba, Brazil, Mexico, and Peru, has a secret history. On his journey, Professor Gates discovers, behind a shared legacy of colonialism and slavery, vivid stories and people marked by African roots. Latin America and the Caribbean have the largest concentration of people with African ancestry outside Africa — up to 70 percent of the population in some countries. The region imported over ten times as many slaves as the United States, and kept them in bondage far longer. On this series of journeys, Professor Gates celebrates the massive influence of millions of people of African descent on the history and culture of Latin America and the Caribbean, and considers why and how their contribution is often forgotten or ignored.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: PBS. 2011. Four episodes; 240 minutes total.

Black Jacobins, The: Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution

Author: C.L.R. James
Format: Book
Description:

This powerful, intensely dramatic book is the definitive account of the Haitian Revolution of 1794-1803, a revolution that began in the wake of the Bastille but became the model for the Third World liberation movements from Africa to Cuba. It is the story of the French colony of San Domingo, a place where the brutality of master toward slave was commonplace and ingeniously refined. And it is the story of a barely literate slave named Toussaint L'Ouverture, who led the black people of San Domingo in a successful struggle against successive invasions by overwhelming French, Spanish, and English forces and in the process helped form the first independent nation in the Caribbean.


Grade level 1: College
Publication details: C.L.R. James. 2nd ed. New York: Vintage Books, 1989.426 pp. w/index.

Black Orpheus

Author: Directed by Marcel Camus
Format: Videocassette
Description: Awarded an Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film. The tragic love story of Orpheus, a streetcar conductor, and Eurydice, a shy country girl pursued by a man she believes wants to kill her, unfolds against the madness of a modern-day carnival in Rio de Janeiro. The doomed lovers lose themselves in the riotous frenzy of the celebration, but the sinister figure of death pursues them through the city's teeming slums, and Orpheus must ultimately join his lover in the world beyond the living. 1999's ORFEU is an alternate retelling of this tale.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Directed by Marcel Camus. Lopert Films, Inc., 1958. 103 minutes. In Portuguese with English subtitles.

Bolivia

Author: Byron Augustin
Format: Book
Description: Describes the geography, plants, animals, history, economy, culture, and people of Bolivia. Many color photos. Good background reading.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Byron Augustin. Enchantment of the World Second Series, Children's Press, 2001. 144 pp.

Bolivia

Format: Videocassette
Description: Bolivia is the highest Latin American Republic. Land-locked and isolated, it is one of the poorest countries in Latin America, but it is rich in culture and landscape. Attend an authentic Hula ceremony, visit Lake Titicaca (the highest navigable lake in the world), explore a silver mine, attend a "Tinku Fight," ride the world's most dangerous highways, and absorb the breathtaking views at Potosi, the highest city in the world. Globe Trekker videos are full of interesting facts and thrilling, unusual travel experiences.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Travel Videos
Publication details: Globe Trekker, Pilot Film and TV Productions, 2002. 50 minutes.

Borreguita and the Coyote

Format: Videocassette
Description: A little lamb becomes very clever to keep a coyote from eating her up. This book introduces viewers to Mexican culture, which is reflected in music, art, stories, and language. Host LeVar Burton spends time in a Mexican-American neighborhood in Los Angeles with a family who has made guitars for three generations, visits a mural painter and her students who are working on self portraits, and joins Los Lobos as they share their music and cultural ties. Accompanied by a brief teacher's guide with topics for discussion, curriculum extension activities, and a supplementary booklist.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Episode 102 of Reading Rainbow. 1994. 30 minutes.

Botero: Four Seasons

Format: Videocassette
Description: Best known for his voluptuous figures and distorted landscapes, Fernando Botero takes us on a journey to old haunts, studios, and bullfights. Travel the seasons with this engaging Colombian artist through the streets of Paris, New York, Bogota, and Florence. Three years in the making, this impressive documentary provides significant insight into Botero's life, career, and role in contemporary art.
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Home Vision Arts, 1992. 53 minutes.

Brazil

Author: Ann Heinrichs
Format: Book
Description: Describes the geography, plants, animals, history, economy, culture, and people of Brazil. Many color photos. Good background reading.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Ann Heinrichs, Enchantment of the World Series, Children's Press, 1997. 144 pp.

Brazil and the Struggle for Rubber: A Study in Environmental History

Author: Warren Dean
Format: Book
Description: Brazil once enjoyed a near monopoly in rubber when that commodity was gathered in the wild. By 1913, however, cultivated rubber from Southeast Asia swept the Brazilian gathered product from the market. In this innovative study, Warren Dean demonstrates that environmental factors have played a key role in the many failed attempts to once again produce a significant rubber crop in Brazil. Dean traces the numerous attempts to plant rubber in Brazil, including the ill-fated Ford estates, and others established by the major multinational tire companies. He also analyzes the struggles of the Brazilian government to foster rubber development, in the hope of obtaining a domestic source of supply for national industries that are now dependent on imports from Southeast Asia.
Grade level 1: College
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Warren Dean. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987. 234 pp. including index.

Brazil and the USA: What Do We Have in Common?

Format: Book
Description:

Series of essays, collated by the Brazilian Embassy, on common traits between Brazil and the U.S. Includes discovery, colonial period, fighting for independence, wars, mutual curiosity, World War II, music, and recent cross-cultural exchanges. Interesting and accessible for high school students.


Grade level 1: High
Publication details: Brazilian Embassy, Cultural Section, Washington, DC.

Brazil Experience, The: The Northeast

Format: Videocassette
Description: Get to know Northeast Brazil: Dance to the rhythms of Brazil's hottest percussion group. Play a game of soccer on the beach. Float down the Amazon during a rainstorm. Scale a palm tree. Try your hands at capoeira—a combination of martial arts and acrobatics. Lonely Plant videos are full of interesting facts and thrilling, unusual travel experiences.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Travel Videos
Publication details: Lonely Planet, IVN Communications, London, 1995. 47 minutes.

Brazil for Kids: An Exciting Country to Discover

Format: Book
Description:

Kids travel all over Brazil with a Brazilian boy and girld. Together, they explore the Amazon Forest, canoe down rivers, get to know cities and beaches, visit waterfalls and the back country. They taste the fruit and try out delicious typicla food, listen to music, take part in festivals and play a little soccer.


Grade level 1: Elementary
Publication details: Ministry of External Relations, Brasil, 2007. 24 pp. w/color photos.

Brazil in Black and White: Skin Color and Higher Education

Format: DVD
Description:

“Am I black or am I white?” Even before they ever set foot in a college classroom, many Brazilian university applicants must now confront a question with no easy answer. BRAZIL IN BLACK AND WHITE follows the lives of five young college hopefuls from diverse backgrounds as they compete to win a coveted spot at the elite University of Brasilia, where 20 percent of the incoming freshmen must qualify as Afro-Brazilian. Outside the university, WIDE ANGLE reports on the controversial racial debate roiling Brazil through profiles of civil right activists, opponents of affirmative action, and one of the country’s few black senators.


Grade level 1: High
Publication details: PBS, 2007. 58 min.

Brazil Reader, The: History, Culture, Politics

Author: Robert M. Lveine and John J. Crocitti, eds.
Format: Book
Description: Complementing traditional view with fresh ones, historical selections range from early colonization to the present day, with sections on imperial and republican Brazil, the day of slavery, the Vargas years, and the more recent return to democracy. The include letters, photographs, interviews, legal documents, visual art, music, poetry, fiction, reminiscences, and scholarly analyses. Selections are brief; many are primary sources; good complementary material for a geography or history class. See also THE MEXICO READER, THE ARGENTINA READER, and THE PERU READER.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Robert M. Levine and John J. Crocitti, eds. Durham: Duke University Press, 1999. 527 pp. w/index.

Brazil Revealed

Format: DVD
Description: Narrated by Sela Ward. Discover Brazil through the eyes of its people and explore the surrounding beaches, jungles and landscaping mountains that make this land so vibrant. Witness the roles that history, geography, culture, religion and the natural environment have played in shaping one of the most fascinating countries in the world. From a government worker who dreams of performing the samba at Carnaval, to a young man whose life is capoeira, to a river trader whose livelihood depends on the Amazon, and a maid determined to win the biggest amateur soccer tournament in the world, meet some of the individuals who personify the energy and intensity of this tropical South American paradise.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Travel Videos
Publication details: Discovery Atlas, 2006. 97 mins. Narrated by Sela Ward.

Brazil-Maru

Author: Karen Tei Yamashita
Format: Book
Description:

From Japanese-American writer Yamashita: a story of Japanese emigration set, like her first novel (Through the Arc of the Rain Forest, 1990), in Brazil. A range of characters, male and female, tell about a particular group of Japanese who emigrated to Brazil in the first decades of this century. Christian, well-educated, and reasonably affluent, they sought to establish communities where Christian and Japanese values could flourish. The group prospered, though not without cost, and it is this cost that's a major theme here. A secondary theme, suggested by the quotes from the philosopher Rousseau that precede each section, is the nature of education in a new world where emigrants' children often have only 'natural and purely physical knowledge.' Young Emile begins with his recollections of his 1925 arrival in Brazil as a small child; the uncomfortable journey to the settlement where families already there helped them clear land; and the hard work required to become self-sufficient. But even the most idealistic communities have problems, and, successively, Emile, Haru, Kantaro, and Genji, over the years, record the events and personalities that threatened the group: Kantaro, the visionary and dilettante, whose enterprises from baseball to chicken-farming had unforeseen consequences; the bitter divisions caused by WW I that led to the murder of an original founder; the effects of the enduring passion of Yergo for Haru; and the increased assimilation with neighboring Brazilians. Paradoxically, assimilated Guillerme notes in an epilogue that thousands of unemployed Japanese-Brazilians are currently working in Japan as menial labor. Though often seeming more a work of reportage than a novel, Yamashita's characters are vital, full-bodied creations offering sufficient balance, as well as answers to the questions raised. Informative and timely.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Karen Tei Yamashita. Minneapolis: Coffee House Press, 1992. 248 pp.

Brazil: A Literature-Based Multicultural Unit

Author: Betsy Franco
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Includes a folktale ("The Witch who Loved Sweets"), songs, and activities. A good introduction to Brazilian language and culture.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Betsy Franco. Evan-Moor Corp., Monterey, CA, 1993. 48 pp.

Brazil: An Inconvenient History

Format: DVD
Description:

At first glance Brazil appears to be an alluring playground of exciting carnivals, sultry samba, divine football and a vibrantly diverse people. But behind this dazzling facade lies a disturbing story of history’s largest-ever slave population. Astonishingly Brazil, a Portuguese colony, received ten-times more African slaves than the numbers transported to North America. This programme looks at those estimated 4 million people with whose blood, sweat and tears Brazil was built. Without them none of Brazil’s present-day success and appeal would exist. Using contemporary testimonies, this film takes a hard look at Brazil s dark history through the eyes of those slaves. They lived in squalid conditions on remote plantations or in teeming cities harboring fatal diseases. Most Africans survived only seven years in this ‘New World’. Some, however, did survive to create a new culture a fusion of African and European. This new ethnicity permeates and explains the modern Brazilian way of life.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Seventh Art Productions, 2001. 47 min.

Brazil: Exploring the Wetlands (The Jeff Corwin Experience)

Author: Discovery Channel School
Format: DVD
Description: Deep within the immense landmass of Brazil, hundreds of miles from its famous beaches and bustling cities, lies the Pantanal. This region is the largest system of wetlands in the world and its inhabitants are masters of this lush and perilous world. DVD includes standards links and teacher's guide.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Discovery School, 2005. 45 min.

Brazil: Five Centuries of Change

Author: Thomas E. Skidmore
Format: Book
Description: Thomas Skidmore, a preeminent authority on Brazil, vividly traces the 500 years of Brazil's development. Its epic story begins when a Portuguese vessel, commanded by Pedro Alvares Cabral, ran aground on the coast of Brazil in April 1500. From there Skidmore probes Portugal's remarkable command of the vast country in the face of the advances of the Spanish, French, and British colonial interests; Brazil's compromised independence in 1822; its evolution as the center of world coffee cultivation; and the creation of the republic in the late nineteenth century. Here also are examinations of its unique forms of modernist art and literature, the dictatorship of Getulio Vargas and the military coup, and the visionary reforms of president Fernando Henrique Cardoso.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Thomas E. Skidmore. Oxford University Press, 1999. 254 pp.

Brazil: From Colony to Democracy

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description:

Facing legacies of colonialism, slavery, and dictatorship, Brazil's history is one of profound social, racial, and political inequalities. Many of these historical forces came to a head in 1984 when, after twenty years of a brutal dictatorial regime, new voices emerged in civil society, speaking out on issues of poverty, race, and democracy. Brazil became immersed in a nationwide discussion about the country's past and future involving social movements, religious congregations, and political parties. Brazil: From Colony to Democracy introduces students to some of the historical forces that informed debates at this critical point in Brazil's history.


Grade level 1: High
Publication details: Choices for the 21st Century Education Program, Brown University, 2nd ed., 2010. 48 pp. Teacher Resource Book + 38 pp. Student Book.

Brazil: Heart of South America

Format: Videocassette
Description: A solid introduction to Brazil, its history, geographical regions, major cities, etc. Can be shown in full, or in parts when discussing different regions (e.g., the Amazon). A bit dated (made in 1988) but the narrative is still accurate.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Educational Video Network, 1988. 57 minutes.

Brazil: Winning against AIDS (Program 16 from City Life: A Series about Globalization)

Format: Videocassette
Description: HIV/AIDS sufferers in Brazil today get the same treatment as HIV/AIDS sufferers in the USA and Europe—the same free antiretroviral drugs, clinical care, and monitoring. Since Brazil started to manufacture its own HIV/AIDS drugs in 1997, the country's patients have proved just as capable of taking their medicines on time as Americans or Europeans, and the Brazilian government's national HIV/AIDS program has halved the death rate from AIDS, prevented thousands of new patients from being hospitalized, and helped stabilize the epidemic. So is Brazil's program the template for AIDS treatment elsewhere? This program examines whether it can be replicated in other countries.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Grade level 3: College
Publication details: Bullfrog Films, Oley, PA, 2001. Approx. 28 minutes.

Brazilians, The

Author: Joseph A. Page
Format: Book
Description: A country warmly hospitable and surprisingly violent, physically beautiful, yet appallingly poor—these are the contrasts Joseph Page explores in The Brazilians, a monumental book on one of the most colorful and paradoxical places on earth. Page reveals the unique character of the Brazilian people and how this national character has brought the country to where it is today, on the verge of joining the First World, or plunging into unprecedented environmental calamity and social upheaval.
Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: Adult
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Joseph A. Page. NY: Da Capo Press, 1995. 540 pp. w/index.

Broken Squares: A Simulation of Group Cooperation

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: A simulation that provides an excellent opportunity for introducing the concepts of cooperation and competition and exploring positive models for problem solving. Participants are confronted with a group task and provided with guidelines for accomplishing the task. Through their own experiences at solving the group "problem," participants will increase their awareness of how individual attitudes and behavior affect group achievement.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Publication details: Stanford Program on International and Cross-Cultural Education (SPICE), Institute for International Studies, 1994.

Brother Anansi and the Cattle Ranch/El Hermano Anansi e el rancho de ganado

Author: Adapted by Harriet Rohmer
Format: Book
Description:

An African-American story told by a resident of the Atlantic Coast of Nicaragua. Brother Anansi, the Spider, is a tricky fellow and seeks to cheat his friend the tiger of his new riches.


Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Adapted by Harriet Rohmer, Children's Book Press, San Francisco, 1989. 32 pp. BILINGUAL BOOK AND CASSETTE.

Buena Vista Social Club

Format: Videocassette
Description: The Buena Vista Social Club, guitarist Ry Cooder's celebrated album featuring the recently re-discovered talents of Cuba's foremost folk musicians, sold millions of copies and earned a Grammy Award. Cooder paired up with acclaimed director Wim Wenders to reveal the astonishing life stories, vibrant personalities and unforgettable music of the brilliantly talented but long-overlooked performers who collaborated on this now-legendary recording.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Artisan Entertainment, 1999. 105 minutes. With English subtitles.

Buried Mirror, The: Reflections on Spain and the New World

Author: Written and narrated by Carlos Fuentes
Format: Videocassette
Description: PROGRAM I: THE VIRGIN AND THE BULL—Best-selling Mexican author Carlos Fuentes looks for his forebears in the mix of people who created Latin America. Accompanied by Viewer's Guide, with an introduction, list of objectives, vocabulary terms, questions for consideration, and a list of related books. PROGRAM II: CONFLICT OF THE GODS—Carlos Fuentes retraces the Indian world through their magnificent pyramids and sculptures, a world of precise astronomy and human sacrifice, serenity, and violence. PROGRAM III: THE AGE OF GOLD—Addresses the conflict in protecting the values of the Catholic Church amid the wealth brought to Spain through the New World. Accompanied by Viewer's Guide, with an introduction, list of objectives, vocabulary terms, questions for consideration, and a list of related books. PROGRAM IV: THE PRICE OF FREEDOM—"Those who serve the revolution plow the seas," said the dying Bolívar. The liberators succeeded in throwing off the Spanish yoke, but they found it harder to establish a just society. Accompanied by Viewer's Guide, with an introduction, list of objectives, vocabulary terms, questions for consideration, and a list of related books. PROGRAM V: UNFINISHED BUSINESS—Hispanic immigrants contribute a wealth of traditions: diverse cultural creativity in art, music, and dance, respect for family ties—distinct hallmarks of the Spanish-speaking world. Accompanied by Viewer's Guide, with an introduction, list of objectives, vocabulary terms, questions for consideration, and a list of related books.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: A 5-part series written and narrated by Carlos Fuentes, in association with the Smithsonian Institution and Sogetel, Films Incorporated Video, Chicago, 1992. Approx. 60 minutes each.

Burning Season, The: The Chico Mendes Story

Format: Videocassette
Description: Raul Julia plays the real-life hero who helped alert the world to the plight of the Amazon. Spurred to action after a key organizer of the rain forest's working poor was slain, Mendes stood firm against slash-and-burn agriculture and stuck by his principles, which eventually cost him his life.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Key Figures
Publication details: Warner Home Video, 1994. 123 minutes. Not rated.

Bus 174

Author: Dir. by Jose Padilha
Format: DVD
Description: On June 12, 2000, a bus filled with passengers was hijacked in Rio de Janeiro in broad daylight. The kidnapper, Sandro do Nascimento, terrorized his victims for four and a half hours as the whole country watched the drama broadcast live on Brazilian TV. Based on an extensive research of stock footage, interviews and official documents, BUS 174 is the careful investigation of the hijacking—focusing on Sandro do Nascimento, his childhood, and how unavoidably he was doomed to become a bandit.
Grade level 1: College
Publication details: Dir. by Jose Padilha. Hart Sharp Video, 2002. 120 min. Rated R for language, violent images, and some drug material.

Bye Bye Brazil

Author: Dir. Carlos Diegues
Format: Videocassette
Description: A young man loses his heart to the Queen of the carnival, Salome, when Caravana Rolidei comes to town. He takes his wife and joins the carnival as their accordion player, seeing the opportunity as his only chance to change his small town existence. As they travel from honky tonk village to little beach town, the accordian player becomes more and more infatuated with Salome, a woman too hardened to return his love. When the carnival must break up, the young man realizes his responsibility to his wife and newborn daughter. The two couples go their separate ways and live their own lives, each coping with a new Brazil, void of roots and traditions.
Grade level 1: College
Publication details: Carnaval Film, 1980. 115 minutes. Portuguese with English subtitles. Dir. Carlos Diegues.

Cafunde

Format: DVD
Description:

Cafunde is the story inspire d by Joao de Camargo, an honest and simple man. Living in Brazil at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century in Sorocaba, the principal departure point for troos who were integrating Brazil's south and southesat. A freed slave, Joao de Camargo suffers the impact of the advent of modernity and its political and economic transformations, with the arrival of abolition, the new republic, light, radio, and industrialization.


Grade level 1: College
Publication details: Paris Films. 98 min. Portuguese, with English subtitles.

Calliope: The Ancient Maya

Format: Book
Description: Calliope, a magazine devoted to exploring world history, focuses on the Ancient Maya in this issue. Articles include the following topics: environment, Mayan society, Mayan religion, Mayan cities, Mayan writing and calendar, Mayan ball games, archaeological digs of Mayan sites, and Mayan art.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Cobblestone Publishing, Petersborough, NH, 1999. 48 pp.

Calliope: The Incas of Peru

Format: Book
Description: Calliope, a magazine devoted to exploring world history, focuses on the Incas in this issue. Articles include the following topics: Machu Picchu, the reign of Pachacuti, Inca society, the city of Cuzco, Inca roads, textiles, agriculture, the Inca creation myth, and the search for Inca mummies.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Cobblestone Publishing, Petersborough, NH, 2000. 48 pp.

Calliope: The Olmecs, America's Oldest Civilization (1300-400 BC)

Format: Book
Description: Calliope, a magazine devoted to world history, explores the Olmecs in this issue. Articles cover the rise of the Olmecs, the various cultures of Mesoamerica, the heads of San Lorenzo, pyramids, the history of maize, New World writing, and more.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Peterborough, NH: Cobblestone, 2004. 49 pp.

Cambridge Encyclopedia of Latin America and the Caribbean, The

Author: Simon Collier, Thomas E. Skidmore, Harold Blakemore, eds.
Format: Book
Description: The Encyclopedia examines urgent contemporary issues as well as the long-term factors that have molded Latin America as we find it today. Coverage is provided also of music and literature, architecture, painting, an intellectual life, vividly reminding us that beyond today's headlines lies the culture of the tango and the samba, Borges and Neruda, Garcia Marquez and Diego Rivera, Villa Lobos and Bob Marley. Arranged by major themes (the physical environment, the economy, the peoples, etc.), not in standard encyclopedia format.
Grade level 1: High
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: 2nd edition. Simon Collier, Thomas E. Skidmore, Harold Blakemore, eds. Cambridge University Press, 1992. 480 pages.

Caminata, La

Format: DVD
Description:

Three hours north of Mexico City lies the small town of Alberto. Over the past few years, the town has become a virtual ghosttown, with most of the community migrating north to cross the border.

Fed up with the mass migration of their community, the town decides to create a one-of-a-kind tourist attraction they call  La Caminata, a simulated border crossing,complete with fake border patrol chasing balaclava-clad coyotes. The experience is designed to attract tourists to their town and revitalize the economy.

Jamie Meltzer’s short documentary film explores La Caminata (English translation: the journey or the trek) and its impact on the community and the tourists flocking to this unusual experience.


Grade level 1: High
Publication details: New Day Films, 2009. 15 min.

Carlinhos Brown

Format: DVD
Description: Brazilian pop star Carlinhos Brown blends the traditional percussion of his native Bahia province with soul, rap, and hip-hop to create a uniquely contemporary sound. This intimate documentary offers a tour of Brown's Bahian neighborhood, impromptu performances on guitar and percussion, and live concert footage from a 50,000-strong concert in Salvador, Brazil. Songs include "Uma Brasileira," "Segue o Seco," "Vide Gal," and "A Namorada."
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: World Music Portraits series. Shanachie Entertainment Corp, copyright 2004. 52 minutes.

Carlos, Light the Farolito

Author: Jean Ciavonne, illustrated by Donna Clair
Format: Book
Description: The story of a young Mexican boy and his family's celebration of Las Posadas, a community dramatization of the birth of Christ. A lovely Mexican Christmas story. Written by a former Texas teacher.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Jean Ciavonne, illustrated by Donna Clair. Clarion Books, New York, 1995. 28 pp.

Carmen Miranda: Bananas Is My Business

Format: Videocassette
Description: The intimate saga of Carmen Miranda, the star who captured the world's heart and imagination. The film reveals the lasting image of Latin American women she created and serves as a celebration of her glorious talents. Using archival footage, film fragments, interviews and dramatic re-enactments, acclaimed director Helena Solberg goes behind-the-scenes to convey "Brazilian Bombshell."
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Key Figures
Publication details: International Cinema, Inc., 1994. 90 minutes. In English and Portuguese with English subtitles. Dir. Helena Solberg.

Castro and the Cuban Revolution

Format: DVD
Description: Shortly after Cuban guerrilla leader Fidel Castro helped oust unpopular military dictator Fulgencio Batista, he began remaking the country into a communist society. Castro and the Cuban Revolution relates how the controversial Castro championed Cuban independence and sought to meet the social and economic needs of the country's peasants while maintaining his power through harsh political repression. Students will trace Cuba's turbulent political past, moving from Spanish colonial rule to American intervention to a close association with the Soviet Union and ultimately true independence. Striking footage, primary accounts and expert interviews clearly illustrate the dramatic events of this important historical revolution and provide insight into its contemporary themes.
Grade level 1: High
Theme: Key Figures
Publication details: World Revolutions for Students series. Schlessinger Media, 2005. 23 minutes. Teacher's Guide (5 pages) included.

Catrina, La: A Tale of Mystery and Adventure

Author: Scott Foresman
Format: Videocassette
Description: Episode 1 of the 14-part series. Can stand alone as a brief listening and comprehension piece. This video begins the story of Jaime Gonzales, searching for her heritage in Queretero, Mexico. Includes first part of the Catrina story and a brief review of concepts from the story.
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: Video preview of series in 14 Episodes, Paso a Paso2, Scott Foresman, HarperCollins, Glenview, IL, 1996. 20 minutes.

Caught between Two Worlds: Mexico at the Crossroads

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: A five-day classroom unit that seeks to bring Mexico's evolving national identity into sharper focus. Students are asked to see the world through Mexican eyes and to contemplate current Mexican choices in the areas of economic development, political reform, and foreign relations. The background reading introduces students to the conflict and drama of Mexican history; analyzes the ramifications of the economic reforms Mexico has undergone since 1982; and explores the most pressing public policy challenges facing Mexico today. Accompanied by Teacher's Resource Book with a day-by-day lesson plan.
Grade level 1: High
Publication details: Choices for the 21st Century Education Program, Brown University, 5th ed., 2002. 34 pp.

Cautiva

Format: DVD
Description:

Cristina's life is thrown into turmoil when she is suddenly escorted from her strict Catholic school in Buenos Aires and told that she is really Sofía Lombardi, the daughter of activists who disappeared in the '70s. Questioning everything she once thought true, Cristina embarks on a journey to find her true identity. Meeting others like herself, the young girl soon discovers the real-life horrors of Argentina's relatively recent past and the nightmare that claimed tens of thousands of lives during the country's "dirty war."


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Koch Lorber Films, 2007. 109 min. Spanish, with English subtitles.

Cendrillon: A Caribbean Cinderella

Author: Robert D. San Souci
Format: Book
Description: A Cinderella story from Martinique.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Robert D. San Souci. Illustrated by Brian Pinkney. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1998.

Central America Today

Format: Videocassette
Description: Using splendid topographical maps, aerial photography, news footage, and colorful scenes typical of lifestyles today, three programs introduce an oft-neglected region. Each video contains a series of discussion questions. THE GEOGRAPHY OF CENTRAL AMERICA discusses geology, climate regimes, ethnic distribution, major cities, transport, and natural resources. LIFE IN CENTRAL AMERICA concerns regional distribution of cultural influences (Mayan, Native American, African, and Spanish) and the confluence of North and South American wildlife. THE HERITAGE OF CENTRAL AMERICA looks at history: the Maya, the Spanish, and North American imperialism with emphasis on Nicaragua and Guatemala. Includes violent news footage.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: AGC/United Learning, Evanston, IL, 1998. 3 videos, between 25-30 minutes each.

Central America: A Nation Divided

Author: Ralph Lee Woodward, Jr. 3rd
Format: Book
Description: This popular text surveys the history of the Central American region, covering Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama, from pre-Columbian times to the present. It emphasizes the common characteristics of the Central American states as well as their potential for political union. Now completely updated, the third edition of Central America: A Nation Divided encompasses the significant new research and tumultuous events that have taken place since the last edition was published. The text now includes coverage of the civil wars in Guatemala, El Salvador, and Nicaragua, as well as the restoration of peace to the region under the Central American peace accords. It also recounts and analyzes the substantial changes that have occurred in the economic and social arenas as Central American states have turned increasingly to neoliberal policies that emphasize the private sector and the development of exports while reducing government entitlement programs.
Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: Adult
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Ralph Lee Woodward, Jr. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. 436 pp. w/index.

Central America: Costa Rica and Nicaragua

Format: Videocassette
Description: Get to know Costa Rica and Nicaragua: Cruise Monteverde Cloud Forest. Go birdwatching. Visit a cigar factory. Visit the Heroes and Martyr Museum. Celebrate the Diriamba religious festival. Lonely Plant videos are full of interesting facts and thrilling, unusual travel experiences.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Travel Videos
Publication details: Lonely Planet, Pilot Productions, Oakland, CA, 1999. 50 minutes.

Central Station

Author: Directed by Walter Salles
Format: Videocassette
Description: Inside Rio de Janeiro's bustling Central Station, two very unlikely souls are about to become inextricably linked. When a young boy witnesses his mother's accidental death, a lonely retired school teacher reluctantly takes the child under her wing. Although initially distrustful of each other, the two form an uncommon bond as they venture from the bustling city to Brazil's barren and remote northeast region in search of the boy's father. Together, the two embark on a journey of the heart that restores the woman's spirit and teacher the child precious life lessons.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Directed by Walter Salles. Sony Pictures Classics, Inc., 1998. 106 minutes. In Portuguese with English subtitles. Rated R. Available on VHS or DVD.

Central Station

Author: Directed by Walter Salles
Format: DVD
Description: Inside Rio de Janeiro's bustling Central Station, two very unlikely souls are about to become inextricably linked. When a young boy witnesses his mother's accidental death, a lonely retired school teacher reluctantly takes the child under her wing. Although initially distrustful of each other, the two form an uncommon bond as they venture from the bustling city to Brazil's barren and remote northeast region in search of the boy's father. Together, the two embark on a journey of the heart that restores the woman's spirit and teacher the child precious life lessons.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Directed by Walter Salles. Sony Pictures Classics, Inc., 1998. 106 minutes. In Portuguese with English subtitles. Rated R. Available on VHS or DVD.

Che Guevara: Restless Revolutionary

Format: Videocassette
Description: An icon to iconoclasts and a symbol of the anti-Establishment sixties, a passionate idealist and a cold-hearted disciplinarian, Che Guevara molded himself into a lasting legend, even though he failed in all but one of his revolutionary adventures. This intriguing program examines how this charismatic middle-class doctor evolved into a zealous anticapitalist, a tenacious revolutionary, Fidel Castro's fearless compadre, and, ironically, a superstar whose image has been bought and sold worldwide.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Key Figures
Publication details: A and E Biography, 1996. 50 minutes .

Che, El: Investigating a Legend

Format: DVD
Description: Ernesto "Che" Guevara de la Serna represents one of the most enduring images of a political leader. His legendary character has been an inspiration for millions, yet many condemn him—sometimes bitterly. This fascinating film examines the myth of Che, and contains: his voyages of discovery through Latin America; the meeting with Fidel Castro; his travels around the world as Cuba's ambassador; the disastrous episode in the Congo, and more. Special bonus feature includes a documentary, "Tracing Che," a re-creation of the legendary road trip through South America.
Grade level 1: High
Theme: Key Figures
Publication details: White Star, 1998. 150 minutes.

Chico Mendes: Defender of the Rain Forest

Author: Joann J. Burch
Format: Book
Description: Brief biography of an internationally known environmentalist from the Amazonia region of Brazil who fought and died to save the rain forest.
Grade level 1: Middle
Theme: Key Figures
Publication details: Joann J. Burch. The Millbrook Press, Brookfield, CT, 1994. 48 pp.

Child Labor in Brazil

Format: Videocassette
Description: In a dump on Recife's outskirts, 12-year-old Eleandra picks garbage seven days a week, and a boy named Reina earns a few pennies pounding rocks into gravel. Susan Sarandon interviews them.
Theme: Economics
Publication details: Part of the What's Going On series. Zenger Media, 2003. 28 minutes. Produced by Showtime in conjunction with the United Nations.

Child of the Dark: The Diary of Carolina Maria de Jesus

Author: Carolina Maria de Jesus
Format: Book
Description:

Carolina Maria de Jesus wrote her diary on scraps of paper each day while she scavenged through the squalid slums of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and tried to feed her three young children. Her account of daily life stunned the world with its honesty and its simple, moving artistry.


Grade level 1: High
Publication details: Carolina Maria de Jesus. New York: Penguin Group, 2003.187 pp.

Child of the Sun: A Cuban Legend

Author: Retold by Sandra Arnold, illustrated by Dave Albers
Format: Book
Description: A Ciboney Indian creation story with an interesting twist. Greedy Sun refuses to share the sky with Moon in this Cuban legend that explains why solar eclipses occur. See also HOW NIGHT CAME TO BE (Brazil) and PEOPLE OF CORN (Mexico) for a possible unit on mythology.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Retold by Sandra Arnold, illustrated by Dave Albers, Legends of the World, Troll Associates, 1995. 32 pp.

Children Just Like Me: A Unique Celebration of Children around the World

Author: Barnabas and Anabel Kindersley
Format: Book
Description: The authors spent two years meeting and photographing youngsters from every continent and more than 140 countries (Latin American children include ones from Bolivia, Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico). The volume is divided by continent, which is introduced with photos of children, their names, and nationalities. Then a double-page spread features pictures of each child's food, eating utensils, housing, school, friends, and family. The text gives the young people a chance to comment on their favorite games, friends, and hopes for the future. The final section includes excerpts from the Kindersleys' travel diary.
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Barnabas and Anabel Kindersley. NY: DK Publishing, 1995. In association with UNICEF (United Nation's Children's Fund).

Children of God's Fire: A Documentary History of Black Slavery in Brazil

Author: Robert Edgar Conrad
Format: Book
Description: Provides abundant material for historians and students of African slavery in Brazil to understand what the slaves actually experienced. A collection of primary sources organized around themes such as: the slave trade, slavery in rural Brazil, slavery in the cities and mines, slavery and the Catholic Church, and so on. Excellent resource for primary documents.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Robert Edgar Conrad. University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1994. 515 pp. w/index.

Chile

Author: Sylvia McNair
Format: Book
Description: Describes the geography, plants, animals, history, economy, culture, and people of Chile. Many color photos. Good background reading.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Sylvia McNair, Enchantment of the World Series, Children's Press, 2000. 144 pp.

Chile and Easter Island

Format: Videocassette
Description: Get to know Chile: See ancient mummies, their glossy black hair still neatly braided. Witness the spectacle of a pilgrimage of thousands of walking and crawling faithful. Visit Robinson Crusoe Island and the world's most remote inhabited place, Easter Island. Lonely Plant videos are full of interesting facts and thrilling, unusual travel experiences.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Travel Videos
Publication details: Lonely Planet, Pilot Productions, Oakland, CA, 1996. 61 minutes.

Chile es Asi / This is Chile

Format: DVD
Description:

"The cardinal points are three: the North and the South." Vicente Huidobro

The poet's quote defines Chile perfectly. It talks about a long and thin territory that goes from the Atacama Desert to Antarctica and runs along beautiful cities, enchanting valleys with microclimates, channels, lakes and islands. In sum, Chile has a common denominator: "that crazy geography"...the majestic Andes Mountains with its ski resorts and the Pacific Ocean, white beaches known all over the world. This is Chile!! Is the result of a very careful selection of fascinating scenes shot by professional crews all through Chile. This documentary is an essential an adventure to be enjoyed.


Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Travel Video Store.com, 2007, 52 min.

Chile Fiesta: Classic Mexican Recipes

Format: Videocassette
Description: Dona Elba Medina guides us in the old and new culinary techniques of chile pepper preparation. She prepares chiltomate, adobo sauce, pickled jalapenos, nopalitos in chipotle sauce, green chile avocado sauce, and more. Interesting to watch for preparation technique and handling of typical foods, but male voice-over of Dona Medina's instructions is a bit disconcerting.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Publication details: Bravo Communications, 1998. 80 min.

Chile: Defeat of a Dictator

Author: York Zimmerman
Format: Videocassette
Description: General Augusto Pincohet seized power in a 1973 military coup. He banned political parties, closed newspapers, and spread fear throughout the counntry. In 1983, an economic crisis pushed many Chileans to dare oppose the dictatorship for the first time—nonviolent demonstrations flourished. By 1987, the democratic opposition realized that the constitution Pinochet wrote in 1980 called for a plebiscite—a chance for people to vote yes or no on another eight years of military rule. On October 5, 1988, Pinochet was voted out.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: York Zimmerman, 2000. 34 minutes. Also available, with episodes 1 and 2 of "A Force More Powerful" on DVD.

Cinco de Mayo

Format: Videocassette
Description: An overview of Cinco de Mayo, highlighting the history of the celebration, typical dances, food, and more. A good introduction.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Teacher's Video Company, 2003. 35 minutes.

Cinco de Mayo

Format: Videocassette
Country of origin: Mexico
Description: This video investigates Cinco de Mayo's history and observes preparations being made to make the occasion festive, highlighted by the spirited sounds of a traditional Mexican mariachi band. Children will also hear Mexican folk songs, learn about the Maya myth of creation, and make their own maracas from small cans.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Schlessinger Video Productions, Bala Cynwyd, PA, 1994. 30 minutes.

Cities of Light: The Rise and Fall of Islamic Spain

Format: DVD
Description:

From the days of Charlemagne to Christopher Columbus, Islamic Spain represents one of the most productive intercultural relationships in Western history down to the present day. The lemon tree, the water wheel, the astrolabe and Aristotle's lost philosophy all arrived in Europe through Islamic Spain. Churches and temples that strongly resemble Muslim mosques, the pinnacle of Hebrew literature's Golden Age, the roots of modern medicine and mathematics, and the transmission of Greek philosophy into Western Europe are just a few of the collaborative achievements that form the legacy of Christian, Jewish, and Muslim cultures interacting on the Iberian Peninsula over seven centuries.

Cities of Light: The Rise & Fall of Islamic Spain, a two-hour documentary film, journeys into one of World History's most fascinating and important periods. With a fresh focus on the many contributions to Western civilization made by Islamic institutions and culture, the film also consistently cleaves to an even-handed presentation of the triumphs and shortcomings, achievements and failures of a centuries-long period when Muslims, Christians, and Jews inhabited the same corner of Western Europe and there built a lasting society that was both part of Christian Europe and the Muslim Middle East.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: PBS, 2007. 120 min.

City Life (Program 1 from City Life: A Series about Globalization)

Format: Videocassette
Description: Marta Suplicy is the new mayor of Sa Paulo, Brazil, a breath of fresh air after years of municipal apathy and corruption. Her aim is to make Sao Paulo a sustainable 21st century global city. This program follows Marta as she visits schools, hospitals, favelas (shantytowns), and a shelter for battered women in her quest to turn the city around.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Grade level 3: College
Publication details: Bullfrog Films, Oley, PA, 2001. Approx. 28 minutes. Available on VHS or DVD.

City Life: A Series about Globalization

Format: Videocassette
Description: An excellent, informative, and timely series on issues facing urban areas of Latin America. For more in-depth descriptions, see individual listings. PROGRAM 1: CITY LIFE–Marta Suplicy is the new mayor of Sao Paulo, Brazil—a breath of fresh air after years of municipal apathy and corruption. Her aim is to make Sao Paulo a sustainable 21st century global city. PROGRAM 4: TOGETHER AGAINST VIOLENCE—Bennetlands is a ghetto community in the heart of Kingston, Jamaica, home to 5,000 people, more than 2,000 of whom are unemployed. Bennetlands was once a peaceful place, but in the 1980s rival gangs began a vicious war over Bennetlands' one main street, terrorizing the neighborhood, which has now decided to take a stand. PROGRAM 6: PAVEMENTS OF GOLD—Urban poverty is one of the biggest challenges facing the world in the 21st century. Set against the backdrop of Lima, Peru, this program examines the enduring magnetism of big cities and asks whether the migrants who have moved here now feel that city life is the answer to their dreams. PROGRAM 7: DOING THE RIGHT THING—Porto Alegre, capital of Brazil's southernmost state of Rio Grande do Sul, was once a run-of-the-mill, dirty, Brazilian port city. But an amazing transformation has taken place due to a process of direct democracy known at the "Participatory Budget" scheme that's giving all Porto Alegre's citizens a say in how their city is run. PROGRAM 14: THE OTHER SIDE—Over the last century, hundreds of thousands of Mexicans have crossed the border to the United States in pursuit of permanent jobs and a better life. This program reveals the devastating impact of the Mexican-US migration on the communities that are left behind. PROGRAM 16: BRAZIL: WINNING AGAINST AIDS—HIV/AIDS sufferers in Brazil today get the same treatment as HIV/AIDS sufferers in the USA and Europe—the same free antiretroviral drugs, clinical care, and monitoring. So is Brazil's program the template for AIDS treatment elsewhere? This program examines whether it can be replicated in other countries.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: A twenty-two part documentary series, six of which concentrate on Latin America, focusing on the effects of globalizations on cities and their inhabitants. Bullfrog Films, Oley, PA, 2001. Approx. 28 minutes each.

City of God

Author: Dir. Walter Salles
Format: DVD
Description: Celebrated with worldwide acclaim, this powerful true story of crime and redemption has won numerous prestigious awards around the globe! The streets of the world's most notorious slum, Rio de Janeiro's "City of God," are a place where combat photographers fear to tread, police rarely go, and residents are lucky if they live to the age of 20. In the midst of the oppressive crime and violence, a frail and scared young boy will grow up to discover that he can view the harsh realities of his surroundings with a different eye: the eye of an artist. In the face of impossible odds, his brave ambition to become a professional photographer becomes a window into his world ... and ultimately his way out!
Grade level 1: College
Publication details: Miramax Home Entertainment, 2004. 130 minutes. Rated R for strong brutal violence, sexuality, drug content, and language. In Brazilian Portuguese with English subtitle. Dir. Walter Salles.

City of Women, The

Author: Ruth Landes
Format: Book
Description:

First published in 1947, the second edition of The City of Women was published in 1994 with a new Introduction by anthropologist Sally Cole. That second edition is now available again after being out of print for several years.

"[The City of Women] works on many levels: it is a study of candomblé, the Afro-Brazilian religion of Bahia, of the role of women in candomblé, and of race relations in Brazil. . . . The City of Womenhas much to offer anyone interested in Brazilian history, comparative race and gender relations, the history of anthropology, and the relationships between researcher and subject in anthropology and oral history. . . .

"Because of the importance of women in traditional candomblé, this Afro-Brazilian religion was incompatible with patriarchy. Possession by the gods, the central component of the religious practice, was the domain of women: men supported the candomblé temples financially, but did not run them. . . .

"The City of Women ought to be on the 'must read' list of anyone preparing to do field research, especially in ethnography or oral history, in a culture different from his or her own."--H-Net, Mary Ann Mahony, Associate Professor of History at Central Connecticut State University.


Grade level 1: College
Publication details: Ruth Landes. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1994. 251 pp.

Civilizations of Africa and the Americas in Illustration and Art

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Conveying the past in strong, unforgettable images, this packet motivates discussion and engage students in assignments adaptable for varying age and ability levels. Twelve transparencies (photographs, documents, editorial cartoons, works of art, prints) accompany the four complete lessons, two on ancient cultures of the Americas (Mayan, Aztec, Inca). The guides include reproducible pages featuring each image, plus background information, questions, and multiple activities.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Highsmith Inc., Fort Atkinson, WI, 2003. 12 overhead transparencies and a 19 pp. Teacher's Resource Booklet.

Clothing and Jewelry (Discovering World Cultures)

Author: Fiona MacDonald
Format: Book
Description:
This beautifully illustrated book takes a close up look at clothing and jewelry in the world today and in ancient times. Attractive illustrations and intriguing information allow children to compare their own clothing styles with those of different cultures around the world as well as clothing in the past.

Grade level 1: Elementary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Fiona MacDonald. New York: Crabtree, 2001. 38 pp.

Codex Borgia, The: A Full-Color Restoration of the Ancient Mexican Manuscript

Author: Gisele Diaz and Alan Rodgers
Format: Book
Description: Considered by many scholars the finest extant Mexican codex and one of the most important original sources for the study of pre-Columbian religion, the CODEX BORGIA is a work of profound beauty, filled with strange and evocative images related to calendrical, cosmological, ritual and divinatory matters.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Gisele Diaz and Alan Rodgers. New York: Dover Publications, 1993. 77 pp. 76 full color plates.

Colombia

Author: Marion Morrison
Format: Book
Description: Describes the geography, plants, animals, history, economy, culture, and people of Colombia. Many color photos. Good background reading.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Marion Morrison, Enchantment of the World Series, Children's Press, 1999. 144 pp.

Colombia de Hoy

Format: Videocassette
Description: A basic introduction to contemporary Colombia—political system, geography, economy, and culture. Comprehensive, lovely footage.
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: Educational Video Network, 1993. 25 minutes. IN SPANISH.

Colombia Viva

Format: Videocassette
Country of origin: Colombia
Description: Beautifully filmed promotional video with segments on natural regions, people and culture, economic activities, cities, popular celebrations, and famous Colombians.
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: El Tiempo, 2000. Approx. 50 minutes. IN SPANISH.

Competing Visions of Human Rights: Questions for U.S. Policy

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description:

Competing Visions of Human Rights: Questions for U.S. Policy draws students into the debate on the role of human rights in U.S. policy. Through readings and activities students explore the history of international human rights and consider various options for defining and protecting rights.


Grade level 1: High
Publication details: Choices for the 21st Century Education Program, Brown University, 2010. 370 pp. Teacher Resource Book + 48 pp. Student Book.

Conflict Activity Cards

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: One set each for three different levels: Grades K–5, Grades 6–8, and Grades 9–12. These action-oriented cards put supplemental curriculum activities that enable your students to learn through active participation and first-hand experience at your fingertips. Each card first presents a conflict based on one or more of seven established objectives, and then applies the concept to other real-life or personal situations. The cards are loosely arranged in ascending order according to set objectives, from recognizing and identifying conflicts to generating alternatives to resolve and cope with conflict.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Publication details: Center for Teaching International Relation, University of Denver, 1995.

Conquest of Mexico, The

Author: Compiled by Irene Nicholson
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: A collection of primary source documents that also includes colorful broadsheets supplying a basic chronological overview of the material, modern interpretations, and evaluations. Comprehensive teacher's guides provide reproducible activities. The Conquest of Mexico includes pages from the Codex Laud, a Maya folding book; songs from the Florentine Codex; an engraving of Cortes's plan of Tenochtitlan; a picture sheet of Aztec gods and temples; pages from the Codex Mendoza, and manuscripts and letter from Spanish explorers about the conquest.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Compiled by Irene Nicholson. Jackdaw Publications, 2000.

Conquest of Mexico, The

Format: Videocassette
Description: A portrait of Cortez and his world, of the civilizations of Mesoamerica before they were "discovered," and a description of the Battle of Mexico and how/why Montezuma lost.
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Films for the Humanities, Inc., Princeton, NJ, 1992. 35 minutes.

Conquistadors

Format: Videocassette
Description: The Spanish conquest of the Americas in the 16th century was one of the most cataclysmic events in history. Spanish expeditions had to endure the most unbelievable hardships to open up the lands of the New World. Few stories, if any, in history match these for the sheer drama, endurance and distance covered. Michael Wood, traveling in the footsteps of the Spanish conquerors , including Cortes, Pizarro, Orellana, and Cabeza de Vaca, brings history alive as he relates this story of conquest, heroism and greed and shows us how the Conquistadors have changed the way that we see the world, in terms of history and civilization, justice and human rights.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Maya Vision International, 2001. Approx. 4 hours on 2 tapes.

Contemporary Issues in South America

Author: Caroline Starbird and Jenny Pettit
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Thirty standards-aligned, fully outlined lessons covering an array of contemporary issues in South America, ranging from favelas in Brazil to indigenous struggles in Ecuador, to the Free Trade of the Americas act, to the Colombian drug trade, to the Organization of American States. A good primer to current issues facing the continent.
Grade level 1: High
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Caroline Starbird and Jenny Pettit, with assistance from J.P. Antony Hurt and Dale DeBoer. Concepts in International Relations series. Center for Teaching International Relations, Univeristy of Denver, 2004. 390 pp.

Contesting Cuba's Past and Future

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description:

Ninety miles off the coast of Florida, Cuba has fascinated generations of Americans and U.S. political leaders. It has also occupied a unique position in the minds of people around the world, particularly since 1959 when the Cuban revolution, led by Fidel Castro, began making major changes to Cuba's government, economy, and society. While the revolution brought opportunities and advances long denied to many Cubans, others lost property, jobs, and the positions they held in Cuban society. Cubans today have very different opinions about their country and its history, and this affects how they think about the future.

Focusing on the Cuban perspective, Contesting Cuba's Past and Future traces Cuba's history from the country's precolonial past to its most recent economic, social, and political changes. Students recreate the discussions Cubans on the island are having about their future.


Grade level 1: High
Publication details: Choices for the 21st Century Education Program, Brown University, 2008. 77 pp. Teacher Resource Book + 44 pp. Student Book.

Conversations with Latin American Writers: Gabriel Garcia Marquez

Format: Videocassette
Description: This program features a rare interview with the man some consider the finest Latin American writer of the 20th century.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: Films for the Humanities and Sciences, Princeton, NJ, 1998. 43 minutes. IN SPANISH.

Costa Rica

Author: Marion Morrison
Format: Book
Description: Describes the geography, plants, animals, history, economy, culture, and people of Costa Rica. Many color photos. Good background reading.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Marion Morrison, Enchantment of the World Series, Children's Press, 1998. 144 pp.

Costa Rica Reader, The: History, Culture, Politics

Author: Steven Palmer and Ivan Molina, eds.
Format: Book
Description:

Long characterized as an exceptional country within Latin America, Costa Rica has been hailed as a democratic oasis in a continent scorched by dictatorship and revolution; the ecological mecca of a biosphere laid waste by deforestation and urban blight; and an egalitarian, middle-class society blissfully immune to the violent class and racial conflicts that have haunted the region. Arguing that conceptions of Costa Rica as a happy anomaly downplay its rich heritage and diverse population, The Costa Rica Reader brings together texts and artwork that reveal the complexity of the country’s past and present. It characterizes Costa Rica as a site of alternatives and possibilities that undermine stereotypes about the region’s history and challenge the idea that current dilemmas facing Latin America are inevitable or insoluble.This essential introduction to Costa Rica includes more than fifty texts related to the country’s history, culture, politics, and natural environment. Most of these newspaper accounts, histories, petitions, memoirs, poems, and essays are written by Costa Ricans. Many appear here in English for the first time. The authors are men and women, young and old, scholars, farmers, workers, and activists. The Costa Rica Reader presents a panoply of voices: eloquent working-class raconteurs from San José’s poorest barrios, English-speaking Afro-Antilleans of the Limón province, Nicaraguan immigrants, factory workers, dissident members of the intelligentsia, and indigenous people struggling to preserve their culture. With more than forty images, the collectionshowcases sculptures, photographs, maps, cartoons, and fliers. From the time before the arrival of the Spanish, through the rise of the coffee plantations and the Civil War of 1948, up to participation in today’s globalized world, Costa Rica’s remarkable history comes alive.


Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Steven Palmer and Ivan Molina, eds. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2004. 383 pp. w/index.

Costa Rica: Coastal Ecosystem (The Jeff Corwin Experience)

Author: Discovery Channel School
Format: DVD
Description: Jeff explores a secluded beach in Costa Rica hoping to witness thousands of sea turtles that come ashore to lay their eggs. Jeff encounters a troop of capuchin monkeys, a venomous bushmaster serpent, a silky anteater, dolphins, whales, and frogs. DVD includes standards links and teacher's guide.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Discovery School, 2005. 45 min.

Costa Rica: Ecotourism and Economic Development

Format: Videocassette
Description: Home to more biodiversity than either Europe or North America, Costa Rica has shown the world how to benefit from the environment without destroying it. In this video, a student team treks across the Central American nation with a spotlight on ecotourism and how it fits into Costa Rica's overall economy. Visits to a banana farm, a coffee plantation, the Monteverde Cloud Forest, and the Tortugero National Park demonstrate a healthy give-and-take relationship between human society and the land. A viewable/printable teacher's guide—including geographical background information, extension activities, vocabulary handouts, and more—is available online.
Theme: Economics
Publication details: The Voyageur Experience in Global Geography. Films for the Humanities and Sciences. 2002. 25 minutes.

Costa Rica: Land of Pure Life

Format: Videocassette
Description: Discover dazzling Costa Rica, the jewel at the heart of Central America, where mist-shrouded peaks loom over fertile valleys, and lush tropical forests touch unspoiled seashores. Good overview of one of Central America's most popular tourist destinations.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Publication details: Video Visits, Central American Collection, Video Travel Library, International Video Network, San Ramon, CA, 1992. 51 minutes.

Course of Mexican History, The

Author: Michael C. Meyer, William L. Sherman, Susan M. Deeds
Format: Book
Description: Mexico's political, social, and economic landscapes have shifted in very striking ways in recent years, and the country now moves cautiously into the twenty-first century. The Course of Mexican History has been updated and revised to address these remarkable transformations. This seventh edition offers a completely up-to-date, lively, and engaging survey from pre-Columbian times to the present. New sections cover the dramatic 2000 election of Vicente Fox to the presidency of Mexico; the privatization of state-owned enterprises and the concept of the free market; and the reaction of the communities of rural Mexico to this economic "progress."
Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: Adult
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Michael C. Meyer, William L. Sherman, Susan M. Deeds. 7th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. 742 pp. w/index.

Crafts of Mexico, The

Author: Margarita de Orellana and Alberto Ruy-Sanchez, eds
Format: Book
Description: Crafts of Mexico is a visual celebration of Mexican crafts, presenting page after page of full-color photographs alongside essays by leading art historians, interviews with and profiles of leading craftspeople, and appreciations by leading writers. The section on ceramics looks at the famous Talavera work from the colonial city of Puebla, and the fantastical creations of Tonalá and Metepec; detailed examinations of Mexican textiles, from Chiapas and Oaxaca, include histories of the weavings and a study of the symbolism in the patterns plus a special section on shawls. Basket weaving focuses on the well-known Seri baskets from Northern Mexico; tinwork spans from folk figures to cathedral altars; lacquerwork takes an in-depth look at Mexico's adoption of this traditionally Asian craft; and much, much more. Beautifully illustrated, Crafts of Mexico is sure to become the authorative work. 400 color photographs and illustrations.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Grade level 3: Adult
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Margarita de Orellana and Alberto Ruy-Sanchez, eds. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books, 2004. 358 pp. with 400 color photographs and illustrations.

Creative Kid's Report on Mexico

Format: Book
Description: A fold-out of basic information, report topics, research and project ideas for kids' reports on Mexico.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Frank Schaffer Publications, Inc., Torrance, CA, 1996. 7 pp.

Creative Kid's Report on Peru

Format: Book
Description: A fold-out of basic information, report topics, research and project ideas for kids' reports on Peru.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Frank Schaffer Publications, inc., Torrance, CA, 1996. 7 pp.

Creole Tales of Bahia

Author: Mestre Didi
Format: Book
Description: Collection of 22 folktales from oral black culture in Brazil.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Mestre Didi. Nazare: Niger Okan Cultural Nucleus, 2004. 2256 pp. In Portuguese, Yoruba, and English.

Crossing Borders: The Journey of Carlos Fuentes

Format: Videocassette
Description: Few capture the essence of Latin America better than author Carlos Fuentes. Prolific, charming, restless, and provocative, Fuentes takes viewers into his world. This writer/lecturer/diplomat (formerly Mexico's ambassador to France) freely discusses his favorite views on art, sex, and politics—his three favorite subjects. Crossing Borders offer insight into the background and motivations of one of Latin America's most outspoken novelists. Video is accompanied by reproducible worksheets with questions for guided viewing.
Theme: Key Figures
Publication details: Home Vision Arts, Chicago, IL, 1989. 60 minutes.

Cruise Scenic South America

Format: DVD
Description: Some of the world's most popular vacation destinations beckon! Visit more than 12 ports of call, including Arica, Buenos Aires. Coquimbo, Montevideo, Port Stanley, Puerto Chacabuco, Puerto Madryn, Puerto Montt, Punta Arenas, Rio de Janeiro, Santiago and Valparasio and Ushuaia. A bonus segment spotlights the region's top ten attractions
Theme: Travel Videos
Publication details: Questar, 2004. 93 minutes.

Cuba

Author: Marion Morrison
Format: Book
Description: Describes the geography, plants, animals, history, economy, culture, and people of Cuba. Many color photos. Good background reading.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Marion Morrison, Enchantment of the World Series, Children's Press, 1999. 144 pp.

Cuba and Haiti

Format: Videocassette
Description: Get to know Cuba and Haiti: Skydive onto a Havana beach. Visit a Cuban cigar factory. Swim with dolphins. Visit Che Guevara University. Witness a voodoo ceremony in Haiti. Lonely Plant videos are full of interesting facts and thrilling, unusual travel experiences.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Travel Videos
Publication details: Lonely Planet, Pilot Productions, Oakland, CA, 1999. 48 minutes.

Cuba I Am Time

Format: Audio CD
Description: Grammy-nominated CUBA I AM TIME is an expansive journey through the musical annals of Cuba: a 4 CD, 57 track compilation, which includes a comprehensive 112-page booklet and chronicles some of Cuba's most influential musical styles such as the son, guaguanco, rumba, trova, mambo, salsa and Latin jazz by some of the country's foremost exponents and pioneers.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Compact Discs. Blue Jackel Entertainment, Inc., 1997.

Cuba Mia: Portrait of an All-Woman Orchestra

Format: DVD
Description: Winner of over 14 film awards and distinctions, including the CINE Golden Eagle Award and the TELLY Gold Award, Cuba Mia captures the music of Cuba as you have never seen before. This is a story of the amazingly talented and spirited musicians of Camerata Romeu, an all women orchestra, filled with dazzling faces and fiery performances that will astonish and delight you. Led by Zenaida Romeu, one of the world's most gifted conductors, their music infuses everything from Cuban folk to Mozart, drawing on the popular rhythms of the island taken from Africa, Spain and Latin America. Funny, angry, lyrical and moving, Cuba Mia takes you behind the scenes as ten dedicated musicians juggle a fierce rehearsal schedule, boyfriends, girlfriends, grandparents and children, offering a slice of Cuban life seldom seen on the world's screen. Their young lives filled with dreams and sacrifices, victories and defeats, numbing work and moments of genius. Cuba Mia offers an unforgettable message of hope, an inspiring film matching stirring music with memorable images-a celebration of talent, daring, imagination and dedication. Accomapnied by video worksheets for guided viewing.
Grade level 1: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: V.I.E.W. Inc, 2005. 86 mnutes in either English or Spanish, plus 50 minutes bonus features.

Cuba Reader, The: History, Culture, Politics

Author: Aviva Chomsky, Barry Carr & Pamela Maria Smorkaloff, Editors
Format: Book
Description:

Cuba is often perceived in starkly black and white terms—either as the site of one of Latin America’s most successful revolutions or as the bastion of the world’s last communist regime. The Cuba Readermultiplies perspectives on the nation many times over, presenting more than one hundred selections about Cuba’s history, culture, and politics. Beginning with the first written account of the island, penned by Christopher Columbus in 1492, the selections assembled here track Cuban history from the colonial period through the ascendancy of Fidel Castro to the present.

The Cuba Reader combines songs, paintings, photographs, poems, short stories, speeches, cartoons, government reports and proclamations, and pieces by historians, journalists, and others. Most of these are by Cubans, and many appear for the first time in English. The writings and speeches of José Martí, Fernando Ortiz, Fidel Castro, Alejo Carpentier, Che Guevera, and Reinaldo Arenas appear alongside the testimonies of slaves, prostitutes, doctors, travelers, and activists. Some selections examine health, education, Catholicism, and santería; others celebrate Cuba’s vibrant dance, music, film, and literary cultures. The pieces are grouped into chronological sections. Each section and individual selection is preceded by a brief introduction by the editors.


Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High School
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Aviva Chomsky, Barry Carr & Pamela Maria Smorkaloff, Eds. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2003. 722 pp. w/index.

Cuba: A Portrait

Author: Dir. Elmer Hawkes
Format: Videocassette
Description: Explores Cuba's traditions, lifestyles and its historic revolution. Covers the country geographically from Havana in the East and Isla de Juventude in the South to Polynesia-like Baracoa in the far East.
Publication details: Worlds Together, 2002. Dir. Elmer Hawkes. 60 minutes.

Cuba: Island of Dreams

Format: Videocassette
Description: Take part in this fascinating encounter with Cuba and its culture, from the idyllic beaches to the lively music on the streets to its colonial architecture to the locales frequented by Ernest Hemingway. A good overview.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Publication details: Video Visits, Caribbean Collection, Video Travel Library, International Video Network, San Ramon, CA, 1996. 52 minutes.

Cuban Missile Crisis, The: Considering its Place in Cold War History

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description:

The Cuban Missile Crisis: Considering its Place in Cold War History offers students a broad understanding of the consequences and dynamics of the Cold War. The materials prepare students to role-play a simulation of the discussion between President Kennedy and his advisors about how to respond.


Grade level 1: High
Publication details: Choices for the 21st Century Education Program, Brown University, 2008. 32 pp. Teacher Resource Book + 53 pp. Student Book.

Cubans, The

Format: Videocassette
Country of origin: Cuba
Description: This documentary takes a look at Cuba and the daily life of Cubans 30 years after the Revolution. The program seeks to show how ordinary people live out ordinary lives so close to the US and yet so far.
Publication details: Films for the Humanities and Sciences, Inc., Princeton, NJ, 1991. 52 minutes. Spanish with English subtitles.

Cultura de la Nacion: Argentina

Format: DVD
Country of origin: Argentina
Description: A series of DVDs on various aspects of Argentine culture. Topics include: ARTE SACRO, ATAHUALPA YUPANQUI, CARNAVAL DE HUMAHUACA, CUEVA DE LAS MANOS-PATAGONIA 7000 AC, HORACIO QUIROGA, JORGE LUIS BORGES, LOLA MORA, MISIONS-LA TIERRA SIN MAL, TANGO, TRES PINTORES (XUL SOLAR, PETTORUTIE, BERNI).
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: Videos Educativos D.N.I. In Spanish (no subtitles).

Culture and Math: The Maya

Author: Discovery Channel School
Format: DVD
Description: Examine the sophisticated base 20 system developed by the ancient Maya, which included a value for zero. Includes standards link and teacher resources.
Grade level 1: High
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Discovery School, 2006. 15 min.

Culture Is Our Weapon: Making Music and Changing Lives in Rio de Janeiro

Author: Patrick Neate and Damian Platt
Format: Book
Description:

At a time when interest in Brazilian culture has reached an all-time high, and the stories of one person's ability to improve the lives of others has captured so many hearts, this unique book takes readers to the frontlines of a battle raging over control of the nation's poorest areas. Culture Is Our Weapon tells the story of Grupo Cultural AfroReggae, a Rio-based organization employing music and an appreciation for black culture to inspire residents of the favelas, or shantytowns, to resist the drugs that are ruining their neighborhoods. This is an inspiring look at an artistic explosion and the best and worst of Brazilian society.


Grade level 1: High
Publication details: Patrick Neate and Damian Platt. New York: Penguin, 2006. 204 pp.

CultureGrams: Americas Set

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: The 2001 edition of brief, 4-page reports on 36 nations located in North, Central and South American and the Caribbean. Includes maps, sections on background (land and climate and history), people (population, language, religion, general attitudes, and personal appearance), customs and courtesies (greetings, gestures, visiting and eating), lifestyle (family, dating and marriage, diet, recreation, holidays and commerce), society (government, economy, transportation and communication, education and health), development data and information for travelers. Good starting point for lessons on Latin America or for report assignments.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Millennial Star Network and Brigham Young University, 2000.

Dawn of the Maya

Format: Videocassette
Description: Archaeologists are uncovering the early years of the ancient Maya to reveal a culture more dynamic and sophisticated than ever believed, featuring flourishing cities, powerful kings, and massive pyramids before the time of Christ. This intriguing Preclassic Maya period was long dismissed as a primitive era lost in myth. But new, breathtaking discoveries have uncovered elaborate art, early writing, and more.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: National Geographic, 2004. 60 minutes.

Dawn of the Maya

Format: DVD
Description:

Archaeologists are uncovering the early years of the ancient Maya to reveal a culture more dynamic and sophisticated than ever believed, featuring flourishing cities, powerful kings, and massive pyramids before the time of Christ. Ruled by powerful kings, this intriguing Preclassic Maya period was long dismissed as a primitive era lost in myth. But new, breathtaking discoveries have uncovered their history. Join scholars and archaeologists as they trek through jungles and ancient temples to investigate the rise of one of the world's greatest and most mysterious civilizations in the Dawn of the Maya.


Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: National Geographic, 2005. 60 min.

Day of the Dead Crafts

Author: Kerry Arquette, Andrea Zocchi & Jerry Vigil
Format: Book
Description:

Celebrated on November 1 and 2, Day of the Dead honors the memory of departed souls, welcoming them back to celebrate the best of life. Families decorate grave sites with marigolds and set up stunning altars. Streets flutter with paper banners. Store windows glisten with sugar skulls. Skeleton figures grin rakishly from every corner. Day of the Dead Crafts is filled with dozens of terrific projects that allow you to participate in the excitement of the holiday while expressing your own creativity. You'll enjoy showcasing these unique, fun, and meaningful projects throughout the year.


Grade level 1: Elementary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Publication details: Kerry Arquette, Andrea Zocchi & Jerry Vigil. Hoboken, NJ: Cantata Books, 2008. 144 pp.

Day of the Dead in Janitzio

Format: Videocassette
Description: The celebration takes place in Janitzio, a magical little island in the State of Michoacan, perhaps the single most famous place for witnessing the Day of the Dead commemoration. The people of Janitzio, the famous fishermen with butterfly nets, have conserved the authenticity of their customs, their rituals, their dances and their way of dressing. Through this program you will see their vibrant dances, their typical food being prepared, rituals by the fishermen that take place in the lake, and of course the mystic and spiritual moment in the tombs in which the living pay their respects to their dead loved ones as a grand celebration of life!
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Inside Mexico, 20 minutes.

Day of the Dead, Día de los Muertos in English and Spanish

Author: Dwayne Douglas Kohn
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Activities include flash cards, word finds, paper bag puppets, thematic writing, papel picado, mask, altar, diorama, and more.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Dwayne Douglas Kohn. Oceanside, CA: Smart as a Fox Teaching Materials, 2003.

Day of the Dead, The

Format: Videocassette
Description: This acclaimed video takes viewers through the preparations for and observance of the holiday with a Mexican family.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Carlex Company, Rochester, MI, 1992. 32 minutes.

Day of the Dead, The: A Celebration of Family and Life

Format: DVD
Description:

Join the ultimate celebration of family, life and death! Celebrate the most revered Hispanic holiday in the world through the eyes of dancers, artists and storytellers! Explore contemporary Day of the Dead celebrations in Southern California and discover the vibrant customs, meaning and artistic and cultural significance of this holiday that honors loved ones who have passed on.


Grade level 1: Middle
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations

Days of the Dead, The: 30 Exercises for the Spanish Class

Author: Joanne Matson
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Spanish class exercises include vocabulary, brainteasers, Posada sketches, writing exercises, and more.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Joanne Matson. Carlex Inc. Teaching Aids. 72 pp.

Days of the Dead, The: Mexico's Festival of Communion with the Departed; Los Días de Muertos: Un Festival de Comunión con los Muertos en México

Author: Rosalind Rosoff Beimler
Format: Book
Description: Mexico's national holiday for the dead is showcased in a keepsake volume by photographer John Greenleigh, who spent four years exploring long-held traditions in different parts of the country. Produced as a bilingual edition, The Days of the Dead illuminates the cultural heritage behind a deeply moving holiday. 90 beautiful color photographs.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Rosalind Rosoff Beimler. Photos by John Greenleigh. Pomegranate, San Francisco, 1998. 110 pp.

Delfos Danza Contemporanea

Format: DVD
Description: A selection of works by one of Mexico's most highly-acclaimed contemporary dance companies. "Creating, for us, means looking at ourselves in the mirror of water that connects us with our inner world, shedding the sight of those who dare to consult the oracle called delfos..."
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Delfos Danza Contemporanea, 2004.

Dia de los Muertos en Tlaxcala, El

Format: Videocassette
Description: Two volumes, each with teacher packets: VOLUME I has a brief introduction to the Day of the Dead and then the story runs once with the voice-over in English and a second time in present tense Spanish. VOLUME II has a brief introduction to the Day of the Dead and the voice-over is in past tense Spanish. The first time, the story is told with the text on the screen. Preterit and imperfect verbs are highlighted. The second time, the story is told without the text.
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: Mirada, Inc, Valley City, ND, 1996. 43 minutes each.

Día de los Muertos, El: Curriculum Unit for Third Year Spanish

Author: Lori Langer de Ramirez, EdD. Distributed by Carlex Inc. Teaching Aids.
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Twelve lessons with reproducible activities for students. Topics include the indigenous of Mexico, the Spanish in Mexico, the "poor" dead, the hunger of the dead, the museum of death, poetry of death, going to the cemetery, and fiesta in the cemetery.
Grade level 1: High
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Lori Langer de Ramirez, EdD. Distributed by Carlex Inc. Teaching Aids.

Dia em que o Brazil Esteve Aqui, O

Format: DVD
Description:

Documentary film. August 2004: Haiti, the  poorest country in the Americas, goes through a massive social and political crisis. UN troops, commanded by Brazil, try to maintain peace and order in a country that seems to survive on music, faith, and soccer. And then the unexpected happens: Brazilian President Lula decides to agree to a request by the Haitian prime minister and organizes a soccer match between the official teams of two countries. This unlikely match becomes known as the "Game of Pace."


In this context, the short presence of the Brazilian national team in the capital of Port-au-Prince serves as an injection of hope and happiness—but, in addition to this, what else does it do? What kind of peace can be born in this game of soocer and diplomacy?


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Prodigo. 72 min. Portuguese, with English subtitles.

Didá Banda Feminina

Format: Audio CD
Country of origin: Brazil
Description:

CD of all-women percussion group from Salvador, Brazil.


Grade level 1: All

Diego

Author: Jeanette Winter, illustrated by Jonah Winter
Format: Book
Description:

This story of Diego Rivera, the greatest muralist of Mexico--and of the world--is told in Spanish and English. Vibrant miniature paintings convey the sense of adventure and magic that marked Rivera's early years. And the story shows how his passion for painting and love for his country combined to make a powerful art celebrating the Mexican people.


Grade level 1: Elementary
Publication details: Jeanette Winter, illustrated by Jonah Winter. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1991. 40 pp.

Diego Rivera

Author: Mike Venezia
Format: Book
Description: A good introduction, with many illustrations, of Diego Rivera and his work. Includes some silly cartoons illustrating biographical points from Rivera's life. A nice, light book.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Mike Venezia. Children's Press, Chicago, IL, 1994. 32 pp.

Disappeared, The

Format: DVD
Description:

The Disappeared relives the horrors of Argentina's Dirty War (1976-83) through the experience of Harcio Pietragalla, a young man raised by the maid of the officer who kidnapped him after the military brutally murdered his parents. The film follows Horacio as he reconstructs the cause for which his real parents gave their lives, and, through this search, recalims his true identity. This personal journey internalizes the tragedy that ravaged the country for seven years and exposes polarized views on state-driven terrorism in groundbreaking interviews with top officials and military figures.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Peter Sanders. Eight Twelve Productions, 2007. 96 min. In Spanish and English, with subtitles.

Discovering the Inca Ice Maiden

Format: Multimedia Instruction Kit
Description: Witness the moment a modern-day archaeologist and his assistant find the mummified remains of a beautiful Inca girl high on an Andean volcano in DISCOVERING THE INCA ICE MAIDEN: MY ADVENTURES ON AMPATO by Johan Reinhard. Students will join Reinhard's thrilling mission to save the Maiden's fragile remains as they learn about modern archaeological techniques and delve into Peru's fascinating history. The Kit includes: ten softcover copies of the book; an extensive cross-curricular Teacher's Guide with activity sheets; five overhead transparencies of images from Peru; and a map of South America.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: A Read and Explore Kit. National Geographic Society, 1999.

Discovering the World of Geography: Western Hemisphere

Author: Myrl Shireman
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Workbook includes reproducible activities on political geography, population and area, physical features, climate, major cities, agriculture, natural resources, and more. Correlated to National Geography Standards.
Grade level 1: Middle
Publication details: Myrl Shireman. Mark Twain Media/Carson-Dellosa Publishing Company, Inc., 2003. 126 pp.

Doing the Right Thing (Program 7 from City Life: A Series about Globalization)

Format: Videocassette
Description: Porto Alegre, capital of Brazil's southernmost state of Rio Grande do Sul, was once a run-of-the-mill, dirty, Brazilian port city. But an amazing transformation has taken place: Unemployment has fallen, public transportation is now excellent, and poor neighborhoods have improved dramatically. These changes are thanks to a process of direct democracy known as the "Participatory Budget" scheme that's giving all Porto Alegre's citizens a say in how their city is run. The scheme devotes the bulk of the city's financial resources to renewing the infrastructure of the town's slum areas and improving living standards for its neediest residents. The program traces the experiences of two community leaders, who have sprung up to speak for their neighborhoods.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Grade level 3: College
Theme: Economics
Publication details: Bullfrog Films, Oley, PA, 2001. Approx. 28 minutes. Available on VHS or DVD.

Dominican Republic, The

Author: Lura Rogers and Barbara Radcliffe Rogers
Format: Book
Description: Describes the geography, plants, animals, history, economy, culture, and people of the Dominican Republic. Many color photos. Good background reading.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Lura Rogers and Barbara Radcliffe Rogers, Enchantment of the World Series, Children's Press, 1999. 144 pp.

Domitila: A Cinderella Tale from the Mexican Tradition

Author: Adapted by Jewell Reinhart Coburn.
Format: Book
Description: Young Domitila is an exceptionally talented and loving girl, able to cook, work leather, or make adobe with equal acumen. When torrential rains and her mother's illness make it necessary for her to look for work, she finds employment as a cook at the governor's mansion. Her culinary expertise gains her the attention of the governor's selfish son, Timoteo, who is distressed when she is called home to witness her mother's death. Despite the fact that his only clue to Domitila's whereabouts is a piece of beautifully tooled leather from her sandal, Timoteo sets out to find her, determined to eat her cooking again. Well-written and strongly illustrated, this tale is a solid addition to the canon of New-World Cinderella stories, such as Robert San Souci's CENDRILLON and Joe Hayes's LITTLE GOLD STAR/ESTRELLITA DE ORO.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Adapted by Jewell Reinhart Coburn. Illustrated by Conne McLennan. Shen's Books, 2000. 32 pp.

Dwarf-Wizard of Uxmal, The

Author: Retold by Susan Hand Shetterly, illustrated by Robert Shetterly
Format: Book
Description: A Yucatan Maya legend about a magical boy who was hatched from an egg and watched over by a snake and an old woman.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Retold by Susan Hand Shetterly, illustrated by Robert Shetterly. Atheneum, Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, 1990. 28 pp.

Ecuador

Author: Marion Morrison
Format: Book
Description: Describes the geography, plants, animals, history, economy, culture, and people of Ecuador. Many color photos. Good background reading.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Marion Morrison, Enchantment of the World Series, Children's Press, 2000. 144 pp.

Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands Experience, The

Format: Videocassette
Description: This Lonely Planet expedition may have special appeal for action-oriented viewers, as well as naturalists. Soar into the Amazon on an old army plane. Ride the roof of a train. Bathe in hot water from a volcano. Romp with sea lions. Climb an icy 18,000 foot mountain. This fascinating video will inspire further interest in getting to know Ecuador.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: Travel Videos
Publication details: Lonely Planet, IVN Communications, Inc., San Ramon, CA, 1995. 47 minutes

Ecuador Artifacts

Format: Cultural Trunk
Country of origin: Ecuador
Description: Artifacts available for loan are: 2 indigenous hand puppets in traditional Andean clothing; tagua nut carving; leather coin purse; tapestry from Otavalo (traditional handicraft); hand puppet of blue-footed booby (Galapagos inhabitant); Valdivia (ancient culture) venus statue; woven shawl; parrot carved out of balsa wood.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High

Ecuador in Focus: A Guide to the People, Politics and Culture

Author: Wilma Roos and Omer van Rentergehm.
Format: Book
Description: This slim guide describes the history of Ecuador, its cultural heritage and current political, environmental and economic challenges. With maps, photographs and some travel information.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: Adult
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Wilma Roos and Omer van Rentergehm. New York: Interlink Books, 2000. 80 pp. w/index.

Ecuador Reader, The: History, Culture, Politics

Author: Carlos de la Torre and Steve Striffler, eds.
Format: Book
Description:

Encompassing Amazonian rainforests, Andean peaks, coastal lowlands, and the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador’s geography is notably diverse. So too are its history, culture, and politics, all of which are examined from many perspectives in The Ecuador Reader. Spanning the years before the arrival of the Spanish in the early 1500s to the present, this rich anthology addresses colonialism, independence, the nation’s integration into the world economy, and its tumultuous twentieth century. Interspersed among forty-eight written selections are more than three dozen images.

The voices and creations of Ecuadorian politicians, writers, artists, scholars, activists, and journalists fill the Reader, from José María Velasco Ibarra, the nation’s ultimate populist and five-time president, to Pancho Jaime, a political satirist; from Julio Jaramillo, a popular twentieth-century singer, to anonymous indigenous women artists who produced ceramics in the 1500s; and from the poems of Afro-Ecuadorians, to the fiction of the vanguardist Pablo Palacio, to a recipe for traditional Quiteño-style shrimp. The Reader includes an interview with Nina Pacari, the first indigenous woman elected to Ecuador’s national assembly, and a reflection on how to balance tourism with the protection of the Galápagos Islands’ magnificent ecosystem. Complementing selections by Ecuadorians, many never published in English, are samples of some of the best writing on Ecuador by outsiders, including an account of how an indigenous group with non-Inca origins came to see themselves as definitively Incan, an exploration of the fascination with the Andes from the 1700s to the present, chronicles of the less-than-exemplary behavior of U.S. corporations in Ecuador, an examination of Ecuadorians’ overseas migration, and a look at the controversy surrounding the selection of the first black Miss Ecuador.


Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Carlos de la Torre and Steve Striffler, eds. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2009. 437 pp. w/index.

Egalite for All

Format: DVD
Description:

It was the only successful slave insurrection in history. It grasped the full meaning of French revolutionary ideas — liberté, eqalité, fraternité — and used them to create the world's first Black republic. It changed the trajectory of colonial economics...and led to America's acquisition of the Louisiana territory from France. "It" was the Haitian Revolution, a movement that's been called the true birth moment of universal human rights. Vaguely remembered today, the Haitian Revolution was a hurricane at the turn of the nineteenth century — traumatizing Southern planters and inspiring slaves and abolitionists, worldwide.

The man at the forefront of Haiti's epochal uprising was Toussaint Louverture. He was world-known in his day and deserves a place among history's most celebrated figures today. Born into slavery, Toussaint had been freed by his master before the revolt began. He owned property and was financially secure. He risked it all, however, to join then lead an army of slaves that would fight, in turn, the French, the British, and the Spanish empires for twelve years.

The story of Haiti's revolution is a story of extraordinary pathos. Half a million slaves dared hope for an unprecedented end to slavery and thousands died in the process. But the revolution's history is also a story of forgotten people and milestones. Haitian slaves did not just fight with weapons. In 1794 a multi-racial delegation from Haiti traveled to Paris to address the national assembly. They spoke powerfully about slavery's moral and physical violence. They argued that their struggle was part of France's domestic revolution against despotism. And they won the day. The elocution of Haitian Blacks led to a sudden decree that not only freed the empire's entire slave population, it made them French citizens, too.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: PBS, 2009. 60 min.

El Alma del Tango

Format: Audio CD
Country of origin: Argentina
Description:

Nineteen classic tango tunes.


Grade level 1: All
Theme: Music

El Salvador

Author: Marion Morrison
Format: Book
Description: Describes the geography, plants, animals, history, economy, culture, and people of El Salvador. Many color photos. Good background reading.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Marion Morrison, Enchantment of the World Series, Children's Press, 2001. 144 pp.

Emerging Powers: Brazil

Format: Videocassette
Description: A common theme in this series (which includes a video on Mexico, also in this catalog) is success in private enterprise and fresh ideas in revitalizing economies long suppressed by tight state control. Depicted here is Brazil's surging economic growth, founded on the cooperative principle of "respect for the people."
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Grade level 3: College
Theme: Economics
Publication details: PBS documentary, 1996. 50 minutes.

Emerging Powers: Mexico

Format: Videocassette
Description: A common theme in this series (which includes a video on Brazil, also in this catalog) is success in private enterprise and fresh ideas in revitalizing economies long suppressed by tight state control. Depicted here is resource-rich Mexico, turning economic disaster into a springboard for economic opportunity.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Economics
Publication details: Wall Street Journal Video, Dow Jones and Company, Inc., 1996. 50 minutes.

Entangled Edens: Visions of the Amazon

Author: Candace Slater
Format: Book
Description: Candace Slater takes us on a journey into the Amazon that will forever change our ideas about one of the most written-about, filmed, and fought-over areas in the world. In this book she deftly traces a rich and marvelous legacy of stories and images of the Amazon that reflects the influence of widely different groups of people—conquistadors, corporate executives, subsistence farmers—over the centuries. A careful, passionate consideration of one of the most powerful environmental icons of our time, ENTANGLED EDENS makes clear that we cannot defend the Amazon's dazzling array of plants and animals without comprehending its equally astonishing human and cultural diversity.
Grade level 1: College
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Candace Slater. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002. 332 pp. including index.

Era of Expanding Global Connections, The: 1000-1500 C.E.

Author: Kathy Simmis
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: An illustrated activity book containing six units (Unit 5 covers ancient civilizations of the Americas) with overviews, objectives, and activities covering key concepts and major figures from the era. The activities frequently incorporate primary source documents to give students insight into the experiences and thoughts of contemporary figures. Teaching suggestions, answer keys, glossaries, and resource lists are also included. Based on the National Standards for World History.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Kathy Simmis. Focus on World History series. J. Weston Walch, Publisher, 2002. 133 pp.

Esplendores: Splendors of Mexico

Format: Videocassette
Description: An examination of the magnificent museum exhibition that travels across 33 centuries of Mexican art, from the 12th century BC to Frida Kahlo.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Films for the Humanities, Inc., Princeton, NJ, 1993. 28 minutes.

Evita

Format: DVD
Description: Experience this landmark achievement as entertainment megastar Madonna—in the role of a lifetime—joins Antonio Banderas for this much talked-about motion picture event. Evita is the riveting true-life story of Eva Peron, who rose above childhood poverty and a scandalous past to achieve unimaginable fortune and fame.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Key Figures
Publication details: Cinergi Pictures Entertainment, Inc., 1996. 135 minutes. Rated PG.

Evita: The Woman Behind the Myth

Format: Videocassette
Description: In this remarkable program, rare photographs and films tell Evita's real story, from her humble birth to her tragic death from cancer at 33. Close aides and bitter enemies offer firsthand accounts, and popular artists—including playwright Tim Rice—consider why she continues to fascinate us today.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Key Figures
Publication details: AandE Biography, 1996. 50 minutes.

Exploration and Conquest, The Americas After Columbus: 1500-1620

Author: Betsy and Giulio Maestro
Format: Book
Description: Christopher Columbus was not the first to discover the Americas, but his voyages led to European exploration of the New World. Rich in resources and natural beauty, the Americas were irresistible to gold-hungry conquistadors. The newcomers gave little thought to those who had called the lands their home, and exploration soon came to signify conquest. The New World—and the lives of its inhabitants—would be changed forever.
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Betsy and Giulio Maestro. Mulberry Books, 1994. 48 pp.

Exploration of the African Diaspora in the Americas

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description:

Each summer, the Latin American Resource Center hosts a K-12 Teacher Institute. The objective of this institute is to help teachers increase their knowledge about Latin America and to develop lesson plans to use in the classroom. The institute corresponds with Tulane University's New Orleans Dance Festival organized by Associate Professor of Dance, Beverly Trask. This partnership between the LARC and the New Orleans Dance Festival promotes the importance of interdisciplinary teaching of world regions. Teachers of every discipline take part in movement classes, field trips, lectures, and dynamic presentations by artists in order to teach the diversity of Latin America. The curricula and resources in this publication were created by participants in the summer 2009 institute, Exploration of the African Diaspora in the Americas.

How to Use This Packet
Nine lesson plans included in this packet were developed by local and nationally based K-12 educators and artists to be used in the K-12 classroom. Many of the resources, presenters, and artists mentioned in this packet may be available for use in your own classroom. The three day institute exposed participants in general to the resources available at Tulane and in particular through the Latin American Resource Center. These curricula were created to help guide others in teaching about the diversity of Latin America. They cover grades K-12 and can be used in many different disciplines. Each curriculum can be used in different capacities in your own classroom even if it is not meant for your specific grade level. Please visit the Latin American Resource Center's website for additional resources on this topic and any other help developing a curriculum on Latin America.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Roger Thayer Stone Center for Latin American Studies, Tulane University, 2010. 67 pp.

Explore Series: Bolivia (Parts I and II)

Format: Videocassette
Description: Part I, ORPHANS OF THE SUN, focuses on Inca heritage in Bolivia as it pertains to religion (blended with Catholicism), daily life and traditional activities, government, and war. Part II, MAGIC HEALING, MAGIC DEATH, focuses on the practices of curanderos, native sorcerers and healers.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Contemporary Native Cultures
Publication details: Gaylord Production Co., 1986. 45 minutes. Narrated by James Coburn.

Explorers of the New World

Format: CD-ROM
Description: Follow in the footsteps of three of history's most acclaimed travelers--Columbus, Magellan, and Cortes--as they seek their destinies in the New World. With complete multimedia database of 60 additional explorers who roamed the ancient seas between 1450-1600. Ideal for projects involving timelines, research on food/resource contributions by the new world, and inquiry into lesser-known explorers. Compatible with Macintosh and MS Windows operating systems.
Grade level 1: Middle
Publication details: Interactive CD-ROM. SoftKey Multimedia, Inc., 1995.

Exploring Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands

Format: Videocassette
Country of origin: Ecuador
Description: Ecuador is a diverse country with coastal plains, mountains, and jungles. Explore the capital, Quito, and Otavalo, known for its hand-woven textiles. Travel south along the Pan American Highway to the colonial city of Cuenca. The enchanting Galapagos Islands are a unique place on earth for viewing birds, reptils and marine life not found elsewhere. Explore the land, the islands, and underwater.
Theme: Travel Videos
Publication details: SJB Productions, 2003. 30 minutes.

Exploring South America

Author: Michael Kramme, PhD.
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Reproducible activities for students. Includes readings on the continent of South America, climate, resources and industries, animal life, people, Inca civilization, culture, and each of South America's countries.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Michael Kramme, PhD. Continents of the World Geography series. Mark Twain Media/Carson-Dellosa Publishing Company, Inc., 2002. 30 pp.

Faces of Latin America

Author: Duncan Green
Format: Book
Description: Celebrates the vibrant culture of Latin America's people and looks at some of the key actors in the region's turbulent politics —the military, Indians, grassroots protest groups, guerrillas, the radical Church and the women's movement.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Duncan Green. Latin America Bureau, London, 1997. 226 pp.

Faces: Chile

Format: Book
Description: Faces, a magazine that explores people, places, and culture, focuses on Chile in this issue. Articles cover the capital city of Santiago, typical Chilean dishes (e.g., empanadas, porotos granados, and congrio), Easter Island, Chilean rodeo, the Atacama desert, arpilleras, and more.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Cobblestone Publishing, Peterborough, NH, 2002. 48 pp.

Faces: Dominican Republic

Format: Book
Description: Faces, a magazine dedicated to people, places, and culture, addresses the Dominican Republic in this issue. Articles cover the Dominican Republic's first people, life in the Dominican Republic, writer Julia Alvarez, and more.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Peterborough, NH: Cobblestone Publishing Co., 1999. 48 pp.

Faces: El Salvador

Author: Virginia Garrard-Burnett, ed.
Format: Book
Description: Faces, a magazine which explores people, places, and culture, focuses on El Salvador in this issue. Articles cover food (including a recipe), creation myths, life in El Salvador, indigenous cultures, and stories.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Contemporary Native Cultures
Publication details: Virginia Garrard-Burnett, ed. Cobblestone Publishing, Petersborough, NH, 1998. 48 pp.

Faces: Guatemala

Format: Book
Description: Faces, a magazine which explores people, places, and culture, focuses on Guatemala in this issue. Articles cover the highlands and their Mayan traditions, weaving, instructions for making worry dolls, and a recipe for baked plantains.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Contemporary Native Cultures
Publication details: Cobblestone Publishing, Petersborough, NH, 1997. 48 pp.

Faces: Mexico

Format: Book
Description: Faces, a magazine dedicated to people, places, and culture, covers Mexico in this issue. Articles address the idea of family in Mexico, history, the Maya today, natural treasures of Mexico, fiestas, food, crafts, and more.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Petersborough, NH: Cobblestone Publishing Co., 2000. 48 pp.

Faces: Peru, Life in a Rain Forest

Format: Book
Description: Faces, a magazine which explores people, places, and culture, focuses on the rain forest of Peru in this issue. This issue includes articles on the native groups in the rain forest, the flora and fauna, environmental threats, efforts to save the rain forest, and activities.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Contemporary Native Cultures
Publication details: Cobblestone Publishing, Petersborough, NH, 1997. 48 pp.

Faces: Puerto Rico

Format: Book
Description: Faces, a magazine which explores people, places, and culture, focuses on Puerto Rico in this issue. Articles cover native Borinquen lore, the song of the coqui, Puerto Rican history, carnival masks (vejigantes) and instructions on how to make them, holidays, the chupacabra myth, a recipe for codfish fritters, and a list of additional resources.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Cobblestone Publishing, Petersborough, NH, 1997. 48 pp.

Faces: The Pampas

Author: E. Van Sant, ed.
Format: Book
Description: FACES, a magazine which explores people, places, and culture, focuses on the Argentine pampas in this issue. Articles cover the cowboys (gauchos) of the pampas, Darwin's exploration of the pampas, local customs and food, the tango and local festivals.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: E. Van Sant, ed. Cobblestone Publishing, Petersborough, NH, 2000. 48 pp.

Faces: Venezuela

Author: Cobblestone Publishing
Format: Book
Description: Faces, a magazine that explores people, places, and culture, focuses on Venezuela in this issue. Articles cover the capital city of Caracas, typical Venezuelan foods, threatened indigenous cultures, Angel Falls (the highest waterfalls in the world), the capybara, baseball in Venezuela, and more.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Cobblestone Publishing, Peterborough, NH, 2004. 48 pp.

Families of Brazil

Format: DVD
Description: Families of the World takes you on a fantastic journey to another country where you view the unique lives of two children and their families. Meet ten year old Luisa, who gets up at 5:30 a.m. in order to make the hour-long commute from her family’s farm to her school. And spend another day with five year old Guido, who lives in busy Rio de Janeiro. The children narrate the activities of their families, talk about the history of their culture, and more. The video is especially good for young children because of the variety of images (Nickelodeon, Minnie Mouse, Coke, rollerblades, Teletubbies, hopscotch, Tony the Tiger, and more) that American children will find familiar.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Master Communications, Inc., 2001 (copyrighted by Arden Films in 1999). 30 minutes.

Families of Mexico

Format: DVD
Description: Families of the World takes you on a fantastic journey to another country where you view the unique lives of two children and their families. Meet five year old Hermaina from Veracruz and eight year old Brizia from the countryside. The children narrate the activities of their families, talk about the history of their culture, and more.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Master Communications, Inc., 2001 (copyrighted by Arden Films in 1999). 30 minutes.

Family Pictures/Cuadros de familia

Author: Carmen Lomas Garza
Format: Book
Description: Family Pictures is Carmen Lomas Garza's lovingly-told story of her childhood in a traditional Mexican American community in South Texas. Memories include those of picking oranges, of playing the cakewalk game, of picking nopal cactus, of Las Posadas celebrations at Christmastime, and of making tamales. Beautiful illustrations. See also IN MY FAMILY.
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Carmen Lomas Garza. Children's Book Press, San Francisco, 1990. 30 pp. BILINGUAL BOOK.

Fandango, Duende y Taraf: Las Tres Orillas del Atlantico

Format: Audio CD
Description:

The CD unites five musicians from different traditions (fandango, duende and taraf) for a reflection and synthesis of essential Mexican, Spanish, and Moroccan music.


Grade level 1: All
Publication details: Conaculta, 2006.

Favela Rising

Author: Dir. by Jeff Zimbalist and Matt Mochary
Format: DVD
Description: Haunted by the murders of his family and many of his friends, Anderson Sa is a former drug-trafficker who becomes a social revolutionary in Rio de Janeiro's most feared slum. Through hip-hop music, the rhythms of the street, and Afro-Brazilian dance he rallies his community to counteract the violent oppression enforced by teenage drug armies and sustained by corrupt police. An excellent documentary.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Dir. by Jeff Zimbalist and Matt Mochary. Genius Entertainment, 2005. 82 min. In Portuguese with English subtitles.

Festivals of the World: Chile

Format: Book
Description: A bright and delightful book introducing Chile, its festival calendar, and its specific festival rituals. Lots of color photography. Craft projects to make traditional Andean musical instruments and an arpillera, a type of cloth picture. Also includes a recipe for milk with bananas.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Gareth Stevens Publishing, Milwaukee, WI, 1998. 32 pp.

Festivals of the World: Mexico

Format: Book
Description: A bright and delightful book introducing Mexico, its festival calendar, and its specific festival rituals. Lots of color photography. Craft project to make an Aztec shield. Also includes a recipe for guacamole.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Gareth Stevens Publishing, Milwaukee, WI, 1997. 32 pp.

Festivals of the World: Peru

Format: Book
Description: A bright and delightful book introducing Peru, its festival calendar, and its specific festival rituals. Lots of color photography. Craft project to make a sun god mask. Also includes a recipe for natilla, or caramel sauce.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Gareth Stevens Publishing, Milwaukee, WI, 1998. 32 pp.

Fidel Castro: El Comandante

Format: Videocassette
Description: Fidel Castro led a remarkable six-year fight to rescue his country from a corrupt regime. Yet the rebel leader who claimed he was not interested in leading the new government soon became dictatorial, ordering executions and imprisoning many thousands of political opponents. This remarkable program examines the life of the leader known as "El Comandante." Rare archival footage chronicles his rise and rule, while interviews with people who know him offer insight into the man himself.
Grade level 1: High
Theme: Key Figures
Publication details: AandE Biography, 1996. 50 min.

Fiesta: Mexico's Great Celebrations

Author: Elizabeth Silverthorne
Format: Book
Description: A book introducing religious, patriotic and other kinds of fiestas in Mexico. Includes colorful drawings, as well as recipes and craft projects for kids.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Elizabeth Silverthorne. The Millbrook Press, Brookfield, CT, 1992. 64 pp.

Fifth and Final Sun, The: An Ancient Aztec Myth of the Sun's Origin

Author: Retold and illustrated by C. Shana Greger
Format: Book
Description: Back in the earliest memories of the world stands the legend of the five suns. It is the fifth sun, according to Aztec mythology, under which we live today.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Retold and illustrated by C. Shana Greger. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 1994. 29 pp.

Focus on Latin America and Canada

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Textbook with accompanying teacher's resource manual contains lesson plans, answer keys, and reproducible worksheets. Chapters focus on the land and people, early civilizations, Spanish colonialism and the struggle for independence, current life, and the place of Latin America in the larger world. A solid introduction to Latin America. Good for geography and cross-curricular studies.
Grade level 1: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: The Global Studies Series of Globe Fearon Educational Publisher, Simon and Schuster, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 1997. 108 pp.

Folk Art Projects around the World

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Here's a wonderful way to extend the study of other cultures—29 art projects based on folk art techniques and styles from Africa, the Americas, Asia, Australia, and Europe. Projects include: a beaded bowl from Mexico, a mask from Peru, and a raised line scupture from Colombia. Lesson format includes: Cultural background and an illustration of the folk art form, literature references that tie to the culture or particular project, a materials list, illustrated step-by-step directions for completing a project based on the authentic folk art, and reproducible patterns as needed.
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Evan-Moor Educational Publishers, 1997. 80 pages.

Folk Tales from Chile

Author: Brenda Hughes
Format: Book
Description: These 15 tales give a taste of the variety of Chile's rich folklore. The stories represent both the Old World culture that the Spanish soldiers and priests who colonized the region brought with them, and the native Indian culture of the original inhabitants of Chile. There is a story of the spirit who lives in a volcano and keeps his daughter imprisoned in the mountain, guarded by a devoted dwarf; there are domestic tales with luck favoring the poor and simple, and tales which tell how poppies first appeared in the cornfields and how the Big Stone in Lake Llanuihue came to be there.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Brenda Hughes. Illustrated by Dick de Wilde. Hippocrene Books, NY, 1999. 121 pp.

Folletos mexicanos

Author: Chad Seals
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description:

CD with advertisements from Mexico is accompanied by student worksheets.


Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Chad Seals. Carlex.

Food (Discovering World Cultures)

Author: Fiona MacDonald
Format: Book
Description:

Traditional food and recipes from different cultures around the world are featured in this fascinating new book. Children will be interested to learn why certain foods are more popular in certain parts of the world and why we eat the foods we do.


Grade level 1: Elementary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Fiona MacDonald. New York: Crabtree, 2001. 38 pp.

Food for the Ancestors: The Mexican Celebration of the Days of the Dead

Format: DVD
Description: The program focuses on the special foods that are made for this time of the year: Sugar Skull candies, pulque, Bread of the Dead, and Mole Poblano, and more. The program also chronicles the various rituals involved in Day of the Dead celebrations. A lovely video with a focus on fascinating foods and recipes.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: PBS Home Video, 1999. 60 min.

Food for the Ancestors: The Mexican Celebration of the Days of the Dead

Format: Videocassette
Country of origin: Mexico
Description: The program focuses on the special foods that are made for this time of the year: Sugar Skull candies, pulque, Bread of the Dead, and Mole Poblano, and more. The program also chronicles the various rituals involved in Day of the Dead celebrations. A lovely video with a focus on fascinating foods and recipes.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: PBS Home Video, 1999. 60 minutes.

Foods of Latin America

Format: Videocassette
Description: Can you learn about a culture by studying its cuisine? Absolutely. Your students are familiar with salsa, tacos, and burritos, but Hispanic cuisine consists of many more delectable dishes! Teach students about the fruits, vegetables, and spices that abound in Latin America. A good introduction to the native and imported crops, meats, and overall eating habits in Latin America.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Educational Video Network, 1992. 23 minutes.

Force More Powerful, A

Author: York Zimmerman
Format: DVD
Description: A two-part documentary series on one of the 20th century's most important and least-known stories—how nonviolent power overcame oppression and authoritarian rule. Episode 1 focuses on black college students in Tennessee in the 1960s, Gendhi in India in the 1930s, and anti-apartheid movements in South Africa in the 1980s. Episode 2 focuses on occupied Denmark in the 1940s, Polish workers in the 1980, and the overthrow of Pinochet in Chile in 1983.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: York Zimmerman, 2000. 174 minutes total over 2 episodes. Accompanied by 16-page study guide.

Forest of Kings, A: The Untold Story of the Ancient Maya

Author: Linda Schele and David Freidel
Format: Book
Description: The recent interpretation of Maya hieroglyphs has given us the first written history of the New World as it existed before the European invasion. Two central figures in the massive effort to decode the glyphs make this history available for the first time in all its detail.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Linda Schele and David Freidel. William Morrow and Company, Inc., New York, 1990. 542 pp.

Forgotten Island, The: Cuba

Format: Videocassette
Country of origin: Cuba
Description: CUBA'S CONQUISTADORS—From its ethnic origins to the revolution, a five-hundred-year chronicle is beautifully portrayed in Cuba's Conquistadors which, for the first time, with newly-released, exclusive footage from government archives, tells the story of this misunderstood island as never before. RETURN TO HAVANA—A fascinating story of Cuba's cultural heritage, accompanied by world-famous rhythms, this film brings the ethnic hear of Cuba to life with rare footage of some of the most impressive musicians of the country. HEMINGWAY'S CUBA—1950. The sounds of Nat King Cole emerge from the Tropicana Nightclub. Corrupt politicians, Hollywood film stars and flamboyant mobsters fill the glamorous crowds, while Ernest Hemingway shares daquiris with Spencer Tracy and Gary Cooper. Spending the best part of his life on the island, Hemingway fell in love with the golden glow of those happy days before the Cuban revolution. This film celebrates America's greatest writer in his most memorable years and looks forward to the future of this resilient nation.
Publication details: Ironhill Pictures Limited, 1999. 52 minutes each.

Four Days in September

Author: Directed by Bruno Barreto
Format: Videocassette
Description: This captivating thriller—based on extraordinary true-life events—was honored with an Academy Award nomination. Political terrorists, in a desperate bid to focus the world's attention on their fight for freedom, kidnap an American Ambassador. Now, the diplomat's life hangs in the balance‚ helplessly caught between a government unwilling to cooperate and his fear of the captors themselves.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Directed by Bruno Barreto. Buena Vista Home Entertainment, 1997. 107 minutes. In Portuguese with English subtitles. Rated R.

French Guiana

Format: Book
Description: Describes the geography, plants, animals, history, economy, culture, and people of French Guiana. Many color photos. Good background reading.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Enchantment of the World Series, Children's Press, 1995. 128 pp.

Frescoes of Diego Rivera, The

Format: Videocassette
Description: A good introduction to the personal and professional history of Mexico's great muralist. Illustrated with many old photographs and shots of his work.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Portrait of an Artist Series, Founders Society Detroit Institute of Arts, 1986. 35 minutes.

Frida

Author: Dir. Julie Taymor
Format: DVD
Description: Nominated for six 2002 Academy Awards(R), including Salma Hayek for Best Actress, FRIDA is the triumphant motion picture about an exceptional woman who lived an unforgettable life! A product of humble beginnings, Frida Kahlo (Hayek) earns fame as a talented artist with a unique vision. And from her enduring relationship with her mentor and husband, Diego Rivera (Alfred Molina), to her scandalous affairs, Frida's uncompromising personality would inspire her greatest creations! Also starring Antonio Banderas, Ashley Judd, Edward Norton, and Geoffrey Rush. 2-disc set includes bonus features.
Grade level 1: College
Theme: Key Figures
Publication details: Buena Vista Home Entertainment, 2002. 123 minutes. Rated R for sexuality/nudity and language. Dir. Julie Taymor.

Frida Kahlo

Format: DVD
Description: Portrait of the Mexican artist who began painting at age 15 while convalescing from a serious accident. Frida Kahlo sent her work to the great Diego Rivera, whom she later married. Pain, which dogged her all her life, and the suffering of women, are recurring and indelible themes in her often shocking works. Characterized by vibrant imagery, many of her pictures are striking self-portraits.
Grade level 1: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: A and E Home Video, Biography Archives, 2005. 50 minutes.

Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera: Their Lives and Ideas, 24 Activities

Author: Carol Sabbeth
Format: Book
Description: An overview of two complicated and controversial figures whose personal affairs, political ideas and affiliations, and artworks were out of the mainstream, even radical. The narrative does not skirt these issues, but it does downplay them and presents them in a positive manner. Sabbeth gives historical and cultural background, which is necessary in understanding the artists and their works. The pages are colorfully designed with bright borders at the tops of the pages, colored sidebars, and appropriately placed photos and reproductions, including works by both artists. The 24 related activities range from artwork to cultural projects.
Grade level 1: Middle
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Carol Sabbeth. Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2005. 147 pp. w/index.

Frida Kahlo: The Artist Who Painted Herself

Author: Margaret Frith
Format: Book
Description: This picture-book biography is a good way to introduce youngsters to this avant-garde Mexican painter. Told from the viewpoint of a girl who is doing a report on the famous artist, Kahlo's story is clear, concise, and accessible. All of the basic facts are here, along with many personal details that enliven the narrative.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Key Figures
Publication details: Margaret Frith. Illustrated by Tomie Depaola. NY: Grosset and Dunlap, 2003. 32 pp.

Gabriela

Author: Directed by Bruno Barreto
Format: Videocassette
Description: Based on Jorge Amado's novel, Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon. Set in Brazil, story of a middle-aged bar owner (Marcello Mastoianni) whose passionate romance with young Gabriela (Sonia Braga) sends sparks flying in a town where sex and politics are the main diversions.
Grade level 1: College
Publication details: Directed by Bruno Barreto. MBA/UA Classics, 1982. 105 minutes. In Portuguese with English subtitles. Rated R.

Galapagos Islands, The: Land of Evolutionary Change (The Jeff Corwin Experience)

Author: Discovery Channel School
Format: DVD
Description: Jeff follows the evolutionary footsteps of Charles Darwin in the archipelago known as Galapagos, where he encounters marine and land iguanas, a giant tortoise, as well as a whole new species that has evolved since Darwin's time. DVD includes standard links and teacher's guide.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Discovery School, 2005. 45 min.

Geografia de America Latina

Author: Stanford Program on International and Cross-Cultural Education (SPICE), 1990, 1992.61 pp.
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: A resource guide with seven lessons—all in Spanish—on the geography of Latin America. Includes: orientation for using maps, the countries of Latin America, physical characteristics, Latin America's biggest cities, climates, types of map projections, and a geography search. Includes student handouts.
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: Stanford Program on International and Cross-Cultural Education (SPICE), 1990, 1992.61 pp.

Geography of Mexico and Central America

Author: Discovery Channel School
Format: DVD
Description: Mexico and the countries in Central America occupy a natural land bridge between the United States and South America. Segments include living with natural hazards (Mexico endures earthquakes, volcanoes, and El Nino); Guatemala's coffee economy; and the disappearing forest of Panama.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Discovery School, 2004. 25 min.

Geography of South America

Author: Discovery Channel School
Format: DVD
Description: A continent of extremes, South America has rivers, mountains, and pampas that cover a wide range of terrain. Includes pre- and post-viewing questions, standards link, and teaching resources.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Discovery Channel School, 2004. 26 min.

Geography of the Caribbean

Author: Discovery Channel School
Format: DVD
Description: Formed millions of years ago by volcanoes, the chain of islands in the Caribbean Sea stretches from the tip of Florida to South America. Includes pre- and post-viewing questions, standards link, and teaching resources.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Discovery Channel School, 2004. 26 min.

Get Outta Town: Mexico City

Format: DVD
Description:

Not Your Parents Travel Guide!

Barbara meets her Mexico City co-host, Vanessa, a student and soccer star, at UNAM National University, the biggest university in Latin America. Since soccer is Vanessa,s passion, she says by the end of the day, after some coaching, she wants Barb to try to score a goal. Barb and Vanessa tour the huge campus,s concert halls and library before they find themselves at the stadium, the school,s centerpiece, due to Mexico,s love for the game of soccer. Vanessa decides to show Barb the city by taking a boat ride through the canal, complete with a Mariachi band on deck!


Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: ReThink Entertainment, 2006. 30 min.

Gift for Abuelita, A: Celebrating the Day of the Dead/Un regalo para Abuelita: En celebración del Día de los Muertos

Author: Nancy Luenn
Format: Book
Description: After her beloved grandmother dies, Rosita hopes to be reunited with Abuelita as she prepares a gift to give her when her family celebrates Day of the Dead. Describes the preparation and celebration for the Day of the Dead. A simple way to present the holiday, in a very personal manner, to children.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Nancy Luenn, illustrated by Robert Chapman. Rising Moon, Flagstaff, AZ, 1998. BILINGUAL BOOK.

Gilberto Gil: Sao Joao Vivo!

Format: DVD
Description:

Concert video (and CD) of Brazilian superstar, and former Minister of Culture, Gilberto Gil, performing traditional music from Brazil's Northeast.


Grade level 1: All
Publication details: Warner Music, 2009.

Global Perspectives in Illustration and Cartoon Art: Mexico

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Four sets of photos and political cartoons depicting views on the social divide, trade and modernization, and the political opening of Mexico.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: MindSparks: Cartoons and Visuals for Creative Learning. Highsmith Inc., Fort Atkinson, WI, 2003. 9 overhead transparencies and a 15 pp. Teacher's Resource Booklet.

Global Perspectives in Illustration and Cartoon Art: South America

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Four sets of photos and political cartoons depicting views on the debt and development, struggling for democracy, and the giant of the North.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: MindSparks: Cartoons and Visuals for Creative Learning, Highsmith, Inc., Fort Atkinson, WI, 2003. 9 overhead transparencies and 15 pp. teacher resource booklet.

Global Studies: Latin America

Author: Dr. Paul B. Goodwin, Jr.
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: This volume includes background essays, current statistics for each country in Latin America, and articles from newspapers and magazines around the world. Excellent foundation.
Grade level 1: High
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Dr. Paul B. Goodwin, Jr. 11th ed. McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, Guilford, CT, 2004. 239 pp.

Gods and Goddesses of the Ancient Maya

Author: Leonard Everett Fisher
Format: Book
Description: Gives the history of the principal gods and goddesses of the ancient Mayans. Colorful drawings of each god. Pages are numbered according to Mayan system, explained at the end of the book.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Leonard Everett Fisher. Holiday House, NY , 1999. 33 pp.

Gods of the Maya, Aztecs, and Incas: Myths of the World

Author: Timothy R. Roberts
Format: Book
Description: A fascinating exploration of the mythologies of some of the greatest civilizations of the New World. Beautiful photographs. Valuable for teachers.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Timothy R. Roberts, Metrobooks, New York, 1996. 112 pp.

Golden Tales: Myths, Legends and Folktales from Latin America

Author: Lulu Delacre
Format: Book
Description: A sparkling treasury of tales for all children, celebrating the grace and beauty of the Latin American people and the evolution of their many-faceted cultures. For the first time, twelve classic tales (e.g., How the Sea Was Born, When the Sun and the Moon Were Children, The Miracle of Our Lady of Guadalupe, El Dorado) come together in one volume, bringing thirteen countries and the four native cultures from which they sprang into a vivid new perspective.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Lulu Delacre. Scholastic Press, New York, 1996. 73 pp.

Great Inca Rebellion

Format: DVD
Description:

Through a mix of crime-lab science, archeology, and history, this NOVA/National Geographic special presents new evidence that is changing what we know about the final days of the once-mighty Inca Empire. This probing story of archeological discovery begins in a cemetery crammed with skeletons that offer tantalizing clues about a fierce 16th-century battle between warriors of the collapsing Inca Empire and Spanish invaders. Now, the long-accepted account of a swift Spanish conquest of the Inca—achieved with guns, steel, and horses—is being replaced by a more complete story based on surprising new evidence, including what may be the first gunshot wound in the Americas.

 


Grade level 1: High
Publication details: PBS, 2007. 50 min.

Great Kapok Tree, The: A Tale of the Amazon Rain Forest

Author: Written and illustrated by Lynne Cherry.
Format: Book
Description: A story about the inhabitants of a tree and the importance of conservation. This book has been named an IRA Teacher's Choice for 1991, an American Bookseller's "Pick of the Lists," a Reading Rainbow Review Book, and an NSTA-CBC Outstanding Science Trade Book for Children.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Written and illustrated by Lynne Cherry. A Gulliver Green Book, Harcourt Brace and Company, New York, 1990. 30 pp.

Grupo Corpo Companhia de Danca

Format: DVD
Description: Grupo Corpo, the Brazilian dance company, combines the sensuality of Afro-Brazilian dance forms and the technical prowess of ballet with a contemporary, highly theatrical sensibility, and energy to burn. Brazilian music and pastiche of folk songs, innovative lighting and scenery, and vivid costumes all add to the experience. The result is a vibrant spirit and sense of exuberant energy that is both visually riveting and viscerally charged. An extensive documentary as a special feature on this DVD shows the ensemble at work, in rehearsal, and on tour, including excerpts from performances as well as interviews with members and friends of the company.
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Kultur, 2001. 129 minutes (performance: 86 minutes; documentary: 43 minutes).

Grupo Galpao

Format: DVD
Description:

Founded in 1982 in Belo Horizonte, in the state of Minas Gerais, theatre group, Grupo Galpao, has performed in nearly 300 Brazilian cities, 16 countries, in front of nearly 1,000,000 spectators on theatrical and street stages. This documentary is the result of seven years of research and recordings that resulted in over 400 hours of material on the group's rehearsals, shows, trips, daily life that, after six months of editing, are here gather together into two and a half hours of material.


Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Petrobras, 2003. 2hr 32 min. Portuguese, with English subtitles.

Guatemala Reader, The: History, Culture, Politics

Author: Greg Grandin, Deborah T. Levenseon & Elizabeth Oglesby, eds.
Format: Book
Description:

This reader brings together more than 200 texts and images in a broad introduction to Guatemala’s history, culture, and politics. In choosing the selections, the editors sought to avoid representing the country only in terms of its long experience of conflict, racism, and violence. And so, while offering many perspectives on that violence, this anthology portrays Guatemala as a real place where people experience joys and sorrows that cannot be reduced to the contretemps of resistance and repression. It includes not only the opinions of politicians, activists, and scholars, but also poems, songs, plays, jokes, novels, short stories, recipes, art, and photographs that capture the diversity of everyday life in Guatemala. The editors introduce all of the selections, from the first piece, an excerpt from the Popol Vuh, a mid-sixteenth-century text believed to be the single most important source documenting pre-Hispanic Maya culture, through the final selections, which explore contemporary Guatemala in relation to neoliberalism, multiculturalism, and the dynamics of migration to the United States and of immigrant life. Many pieces were originally published in Spanish, and most of those appear in English for the first time.


Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Greg Grandin, Deborah T. Levenseon & Elizabeth Oglesby, eds. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2011. 663 pp. w/index.

Guyana: Rain Forest Ecosystem (The Jeff Corwin Experience)

Author: Discovery Channel School
Format: DVD
Description: Jeff Corwin explores the Guyana Shield, the dense rainforest that thousands of "giants" call home in Guyana. He discovers the largest toad found in South America, the largest freshwater turtle, and the largest creature equipped with a giant tongue. DVD includes standards links and teacher's guide.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Discovery School, 2005. 45 min.

Haiti

Author: Martin Hintz
Format: Book
Description: Describes the geography, plants, animals, history, economy, culture, and people of Haiti. Many color photos. Good background reading.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Martin Hintz, Enchantment of the World Series, Children's Press, 1998. 144 pp.

Haiti, in Pictures

Format: Book
Description: Introduces the land, history, government, people, and economy of the Caribbean's "Black Republic." Some color photos. Basic background reading.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Visual Geography Series, Lerner Publications Company, Minneapolis, 1995. 64 pp.

Haitian Revolution, The

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description:

In the late eighteenth century, enslaved people in Saint-Domingue, the French colony that became Haiti, rose up against their colonial masters and gained their freedom and independence. Haiti became the first fully free society in the Atlantic world and the second independent nation in the Americas (after the United States). Understanding the Haitian Revolution is crucial to understanding the course of world history and the history of the Americas. It is also essential to understanding Haiti today. Through readings, maps, digital activities, and simulations, students consider the development of the American colonial world and the legacies of the only successful slave revolt in the history of the world.


Grade level 1: High
Publication details: Choices for the 21st Century Education Program, Brown University, 2010. 62 pp. Teacher Resource Book + 44 pp. Student Book.

Hands of the Maya: Villagers at Work and Play

Author: Rachel Crandell
Format: Book
Description: Experience a day in the life of Maya villagers. Members of the community prepare a warm meal, weave clothing, make roofs, and create art and music. With its lyrical prose and richly textured photographs, this engaging book captures the hard work, love, and respect of the Maya culture. Named a Notable Social Studies Trade Book for Young People (2003) by the National Council for the Social Studies. Lovely photographs, good introduction to the Maya.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Contemporary Native Cultures
Publication details: Rachel Crandell. NY: Henry Holt and Company, 2002. 30 pp.

Hands-on Culture of Mexico and Central America

Author: Kate O'Halloran
Format: Book
Description: These reproducible activities explore geography and social studies, language arts, math, science, and fine arts. Includes sections on: proverbs, folktales, the Maya Codex, conversations, Mexican tin ornaments, cooking, molas from Panama, last names, music, and more.
Grade level 1: Middle
Theme: Crafts
Publication details: Kate O. Halloran. J. Weston Walch, Portland, ME, 198. 74 pp.

Hands-on Latin America: Art Activities for All Ages

Author: Yvonne Y. Merrill
Format: Book
Description: Pre-Columbian (Maya, Aztec, Inca) and contemporary art projects include Aztec rattles and Inca panpipes, jaguar masks, molas, Huichol yarn paintings, and cascarones (confetti eggs).
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Yvonne Y. Merrill, KITS Publishing, Salt Lake City, 1998. 83 pp.

Harvest Birds, The/Los pajaros de la cosecha

Author: Blanca Lopez de Mariscal
Format: Book
Description: Juan Zanate dreams of being a farmer like his father and grandfather before him, but he does not inherit any land when his father dies. This folktale, from the oral tradition of Oaxaca, imparts scientific wisdom about farming through the experiences of Juan with his friends, the harvest birds.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Blanca Lopez de Mariscal, Children’s Book Press, San Francisco, CA, 1995. 32 pp. BILINGUAL BOOK.

Hemingway in Cuba

Format: Videocassette
Description: This unique program is a captivating portrait of the Cuban years of Hemingway, the writer whose novels changed the face of American literature, while his adventures and persona captured the public's imagination. It investigates, for the first time, the culture and lifestyle that held him in Cuba for half of his life, and across his rise to worldwide fame.
Publication details: Kultur International Films. 30 minutes.

Hill of Fire

Format: Videocassette
Description: Based on a true story of the eruption of Paricutin Volcano in Mexico, a volcano is born in a poor farmer's corn field. At Volcano National Park in Hawaii, host LeVar Burton is only 2,000 feet from a major eruption of Kilauea Volcano. He tells about two kinds of lava and why volcanoes occur. Viewers learn what is inside our earth that causes volcanoes, as LeVar talks to volcanologists who are learning to predict eruptions. Accompanied by a brief teacher's guide with topics for discussion, curriculum extension activities, and a supplementary booklist.
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Episode 23 of Reading Rainbow. 1985. 30 minutes.

Historia de Evita y el voto feminino, La

Author: Maria Susana Massabo
Format: Book
Country of origin: Argentina
Description:

Eva Peron es una de las figuras femeninas mas revolucionarias de nuestra historia...

Children's book, in Spanish, for use in Spanish or bilingual classes. Used in a Fulbright-Hays Seminars Abroad curriculum  unit on Argentina that can be accessed here: http://lanic.utexas.edu/project/etext/llilas/outreach/argentina11/ (Unit by Sandra Freeman)


Publication details: Maria Susana Massabo. Buenos Aires: El Gato de Hojalata, 2011.

Historia del gaucho Martin Fierro, La

Author: Maria Susana Massabo
Format: Book
Country of origin: Argentina
Description:

Hubo una vez un tal Martin Fierro, que vivio en la imaginacion de un escritor que sentia un gran respeto por el gaucho y su anhelo de libertad.


Children's book, in Spanish, for use in Spanish or bilingual classes. Used in a Fulbright-Hays Seminars Abroad curriculum  unit on Argentina that can be accessed here: http://lanic.utexas.edu/project/etext/llilas/outreach/argentina11/ (Unit by Sandra Freeman)


Publication details: Maria Susana Massabo. Buenos Aires: El Gato de Hojalata, 2007.

History of Latin America, A

Author: Peter Bakewell
Format: Book
Description: This book provides a vivid, analytical narrative and is clearly and extensively illustrated with maps and photographs. It describes the environment and peoples of the region before 1500, and the Iberian society which produced the conquerors; presents the story of Columbus's voyages and their aftermath in conquest by the Spanish and Portuguese; and examines the means of European domination, the mature colonial societies of Spain and Portugal and their patterns of development in the 17th and 18th centuries. This edition has a greatly expanded coverage of the twentieth century.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Peter Bakewell. 2nd ed. Blackwell Publishing, 2004. 613 pp.

Homes (Discovering World Cultures)

Author: Fiona MacDonald
Format: Book
Description:

This highly visual book features different kinds of homes in different cultures around the world. Spectacular photos and exciting information show how different styles of homes are often determined by climate, geography, and the materials available.


Grade level 1: Elementary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Fiona MacDonald. New York: Crabtree, 2001. 38 pp.

House of Sand, The

Author: Directed by Andrucha Waddington
Format: DVD
Description: Filmed entirely on the magnificent, sandy coast of northern Brazil, Aurea's saga begins in 1910, in Maranhão, where her fanatical husband has relocated his family to start a farm. Desperate and pregnant, Aurea longs to return to the city, but cannot traverse the dunes with her aging mother in tow. When calamity strikes, the two women find themselves stranded. Eventually, they settle among the shifting sands and Aurea finds peace. But her passionate daughter longs to explore the world beyond the dunes.
Grade level 1: College
Publication details: Directed by Andrucha Waddington. Sony Classics, 2005. 115 min. In Portuguese with English subtitles. Rated R for some graphic sexuality.

How Llama Saved the Day: A Story from Peru

Author: Retold by Janet Palazzo-Craig and illustrated by Charles Reasoner
Format: Book
Description: Younger children and adults will enjoy this Peruvian legend about a great flood, similar to the story of Noah and the ark. This tale also explains the separation of night and day.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Retold by Janet Palazzo-Craig and illustrated by Charles Reasoner. First-Start Legends, Troll Communication, 1996. 32 pp.

How Night Came to Be

Author: Retold by Janet Palazzo-Craig and illustrated by Felipe Davalos
Format: Book
Description: Younger children and adults will enjoy this Brazilian legend.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Retold by Janet Palazzo-Craig and illustrated by Felipe Davalos. First-Start Legends, Troll Communications L.L.C., 1996. 32 pp.

How Tasty Was My Little Frenchman

Format: DVD
Description:

In 1594 in Brazil, the Tupinambás Indians are friends of the Frenches and their enemies are the Tupiniquins, friends of the Portugueses. A Frenchman (Arduíno Colassanti) is captured by the Tupinambás, and in spite of his trial to convince them that he is French, they believe he is Portuguese. The Frenchman becomes their slave, and maritally lives with Seboipepe (Ana Maria Magalhães). *Contains Spoilers* Later, he uses powder in the cannons that the Portuguese left behind to defeat the Tupiniquins in a battle. In order to celebrate the victory, the Indians decide to eat him.

A black comedy from Brazil.


Grade level 1: College
Publication details: New Yorker Video, 1973. 80 min. Portuguese, with English subtitles.

How We Came to the Fifth World/Como vinimos al quinto mundo

Author: Adapted by Harriet Rohmer and Mary Anchondo
Format: Book
Description:

A simple retelling of the famous creation story from ancient Mexico with illustrations based on the original Indian picture writings. The Aztec elders believed that the world was created four time before our present fifth world and that the earlier worlds were destroyed because humans were selfish and ignored their gods.  See also THE FIFTH AND FINAL SUN.


Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Adapted by Harriet Rohmer and Mary Anchondo, Children's Book Press, San Francisco, CA, 1988. 24 pp. BILINGUAL BOOK WITH CASSETTE.

Hugo Chavez Show, The

Format: DVD
Description:

He's been portrayed as a savior and an autocrat; a hero to his nation's poor and a bombastic, would-be dictator eager to dominate the world stage. He forges controversial alliances while inventing a new kind of revolution he calls 21st-century socialism. He calls George Bush a devil and Castro a god. Who is this man Hugo Chávez, and where is he headed?

In The Hugo Chávez Show, FRONTLINE producer Ofra Bikel travels to Venezuela to offer an illuminating portrait of the Venezuelan president. Through interviews with former government officials, Chávez associates and ordinary Venezuelans, FRONTLINE chronicles Chávez's ascent to power and his efforts to use the powers of the presidency to stay there.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: PBS, Frontline, 2008. 90 min. In Spanish and English with subtitles.

Huichol Indians of Mexico Culture Kit

Format: Cultural Trunk
Description: Culture kit that includes: yarn painting; children's rattle; shaman's feathered arrow; God's eye; Huichol Indian photo; earrings; and beaded prayer bowl. Accompanied by teacher's guide with background on the Huichol Indians, activities, standards alignment, maps, and artifact descriptions.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: Contemporary Native Cultures
Publication details: Ethnic Arts and Facts.

Human Rights in the Making: The French and Haitian Revolutions

Author: Anne Chapman.
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: A unit designed for teaching the Haitian Revolution with primary sources. Includes teacher materials, correlation to national standards, unit objectives, and lesson plans with primary sources. Includes a dramatic moment, chronology, and lessons on rights as they were awarded to citizens and slaves.
Grade level 1: High
Publication details: Anne Chapman. UCLA: National Center for History in the Schools. 2004. 58 pp.

Hummingbird King, The: A Guatemalan Legend

Author: Argentina Palacios
Format: Book
Description: This legend tells the story of the Mayan chief Kukul and his betrayal by his uncle. Includes a page of introductory information on the Maya and quetzals (the bird written about in the story).
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Argentina Palacios. Troll Associates, 1993. 32 pp.

If the Mango Tree Could Speak: A Documentary about Children and War in Central America

Format: DVD
Description: An intimate portrait of ten boys and girls—ages 12 to 15—growing up in the midst of war in Guatemala and El Salvador. The children talk about war and peace, justice, ethnic identity, friendship and marriage. In a series of touching vignettes, they share their dreams and hopes as well as their pain and loss.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Grade level 3: College
Publication details: New Day Film Library, 1993. 58 minutes. Dir. Patricia Goudvis.

Ilê Aiyê (The House of Life)

Author: A film by David Byrne
Format: DVD
Description: ILÊ AIYÊ explores the ways in which Candomblé, the African spirit cult of the Bahia region of Brazil, has influenced the daily life and culture of the people of Brazil through music, art, religion, theater, food, dance, poetry and more. The rhythms of the sacred drums and bells, a dance of spiritual ecstasy, offerings and sacrifices, divination and the visitation of the orixás (deities) through trance are all part of the color and life of Candomblé.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: A film by David Byrne. 1989. In English/Porutuguese with subtitles. 51 mins.

Image and Memory: Photography from Latin America, 1866-1994

Author: FotoFest
Format: Book
Description:

FotoFest 1992, a major festival of international photography, brought Latin American photography into focus for a wide audience. Offering a diverse selection of photographers, countries, artistic movements, and subject matter, the show revealed a photographic tradition rich in history and creativity.

Drawing from the more than 1,000 images exhibited by FotoFest, this book documents the work of fifty-two photographers from ten countries. The photographs range from the opening of the Brazilian frontier in the 1880s to a secret archive of documentary images from El Salvador's recent civil war to works of specifically aesthetic intent. Many of the photographs appear here in print for the first time.

Watriss's opening essay provides the curatorial overview for the book. Lois Zamora examines the roots of visual image-making in Latin American cultures. Boris Kossoy addresses the history of Latin American photography through the nineteenth century, while Fernando Castro covers the contemporary scene. With its compelling images and English-Spanish text, this book will serve as a benchmark for future studies of photography in Latin America.


Grade level 1: All
Publication details: FotoFest. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1998. 450 pp. w/index.

In Amazonia: A Natural History

Author: Hugh Raffles
Format: Book
Description: As Hugh Raffles shows us in this captivating and innovative book, the world's last great wilderness has been transformed again and again by human activity. IN AMAZONIA brings to life an Amazon whose allure and reality lie as much, or more, in what people have made of it as in what nature has wrought. It casts new light on centuries of encounter while describing the dramatic remaking of a sweeping landscape by residents of one small community in the Brazilian Amazon. Combining richly textured ethnographic research and lively historical analysis, Raffles weaves a fascinating story that changes our understanding of this region and challenges us to rethink what we mean by "nature."
Grade level 1: College
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Hugh Raffles. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002. 302 pp. including index.

In My Family/En Mi familia

Author: Carmen Lomas Garza
Format: Book
Description: The artist brings us to her hometown of Kingsville, Texas, near the border with Mexico. Through vibrant paintings and warm personal stories, she brings to life loving memories of growing up in a traditional Mexican American community: eating empanadas, witnessing the blessing on her cousin's wedding day, and dancing to the conjunto band at the neighborhood restaurant. Beautiful illustrations. See also FAMILY PICTURES.
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Carmen Lomas Garza. Children's Book Press, San Francisco, 1996. BILINGUAL BOOK.

In Search of History: Voodoo Secrets

Format: Videocassette
Description: A thorough and international presentation of Voodoo, from its African roots to it spread to the New World, introduction into New Orleans culture, and modern day practice in the United States, Haiti and Africa. Sections on Haiti highlight the political influence of Voodoo in the Haitian Revolution and the way manipulation of Voodoo and its images was used to oppress the Haitian people by dictator Francois Duvalier.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: From a series on The History Channel. A and E Television Networks, New York, NY, 1996. Approx. 50 minutes.

Inca Mummies: Secrets of a Lost World

Format: Videocassette
Description: Amazingly preserved mummies, lost cities, and incredible mountaintop discoveries offer startling new revelations about the glorious rise—and cataclysmic fall—of the extraordinary Inca civilization. Join archaeologists racing to rescue priceless Inca relics from looters and urban sprawl; join an expedition to Vilcabamba--the last refuge of Incas fleeing from the ruthless conquistadors; be there for the unwrapping of perfectly intact ''mummy bundles'' unearthed beneath a modern-day school yard.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: National Geographic, 1999. 60 minutes.

Inca Town

Author: Fiona MacDonald
Format: Book
Description: Both bird's-eye and ground views of an Inca metropolis. Explanations of life in the city, local customs, religion, and guided tours for the armchair traveler. Includes a glossary. A unique vision of approaching the reality of life in ancient America.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Fiona MacDonald. Illustrated by Mark Bergin. The Metropolis Series, Franklin Watts, 1998. 45 pp.

Inca, Aztec, Maya Photo Fun Activities

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Photos of suspension bridge, stele, Machu Picchu, stone carving, Mayan rain forest, Temple of Inscription, skull rack, and llamas. With information about the photo and activity suggestions on back. Good for bulletin boards.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: EduPress. 8 sturdy 8 1/2” x 11” photos.

Inca: Secrets of the Ancestors

Author: Narrated by Sam Waterston
Format: Videocassette
Description: Join researchers as they unravel the enigmas of the Nazca, creators of earth-drawings once believed the workings of extraterrestrial beings. Discover the erotic art and exquisite gold artifacts of the Moche, all that remains of a highly developed society that vanished centuries ago. Marvel at the ancient Paracas, performers of medieval miracles in brain surgery using only crude metal instruments. Then, witness the incredible engineering feat that is the fabled Macchu Picchu.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Time Life's Lost Civilizations Series, narrated by Sam Waterston, 1995. 48 minutes.

Incas Remembered, The

Format: DVD
Description: Award-winning documentary series. The Incas, a wondrous people who once ruled half of South America before falling to the Spanish Conquistadors. Their achievements are chronicled here.
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: The Jarvis Collection, Creative Projects Inc., 1986. 60 minutes.

Incas, The

Author: Kathryn Hinds
Format: Book
Description: Examines the history, culture, religion, and social structure of the ancient Incas. Good background reading, many color photos.
Grade level 1: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Kathryn Hinds. Cultures of the Past series. Marshall Cavendish Corp., NY, 1998. 80 pp.

Incas, The: The Wonders of the Inca Civilization

Format: Videocassette
Description: Follow three archaeologists as they seek to better understand the Inca people, find out what everyday life was like within the administrative system, review centuries-old documents that reveal Inca traditions, learn how ancient agricultural systems are relevant today, and discover hos the Inca used their extensive network of roads for the prosperity of this unique civilization.
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: WGBH Boston Video, 1980. 60 minutes.

Incas: A Cultural Histoy

Author: Compiled by David A. Urias
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: A collection of primary source documents that also includes colorful broadsheets supplying a basic chronological overview of the material, modern interpretations, and evaluations. Comprehensive teacher's guides provide reproducible activities. Sample contents: map of Pre-Inca cultures, poster of Inca art, Machu Picchu photo essay, Inca road system map, Inca achievements (broadsheet), quipu exhibit, paper confirming conquest of Peru, and Kon Tiki: Peru/Polynesia connection.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Compiled by David A. Urias Jackdaw Publications, 2001.

Incas: Lords of Gold and Glory

Format: Book
Description: Rich, detailed photographs of artifacts, cities, hieroglyphs, etc. Good picturebook for all ages.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Lost Civilizations Series, Time-Life Books, Alexandria, VA, 1992. 168 pp.

Independenceia ¿para quien?

Format: DVD
Description:
Two hundred years after the events that are considered their triggers, the dominant images of Colombian independence are still plagued with nationalist rhetoric in which the place and agency of the forgotten indigenous peoples and people of African descent are marked by invisibility and stereotypes. This documentary aims to listen to the voices of indigenous peoples and people of African descent as they consider other meanings of the bicentennial.


Directed by Juan Mejia Botero, a LLILAS alum.

Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Enlaluchafilms, 2010. In Spanish.

Indian Designs from Ancient Ecuador

Author: Frederick W. Shaffer.
Format: Book
Description: This unique collection offers 282 original designs and motifs created by the people of Ecuador from 500 to 1500 AD. These designs appear on small clay spindle weights or whorls and decorative beads of the period which were discovered in archeological digs. They are the source of a highly original and decorative art that includes a wide range of unusual motifs: people and hockers (splayed figures), mammals, reptiles, birds, fish and water life, plants, and abstracts. The designs can be studied for motifs, used in art classes to make stamps, or copied to use as decoration in class projects.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Frederick W. Shaffer. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1979. 95 pp. with 282 illustrations.

International Biographies: Latin America (Central and South)

Author: Mary Ann Anderson, Rachel Pereyra Diehl, Karen Martin Tryda.
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Reproducible handouts and related activities for 14 Latin American who have affected history: Salvador Allende, Atahualpa, Balboa, Simon Bolivar, Fidel Castro, Roberto Clemente, Christopher Columbus, Maximilian, Gabriela Mistral, Montezuma, Pele, Eva Peron, Martin de Porres, and Diego Rivera.
Grade level 1: Middle
Theme: Key Figures
Publication details: Mary Ann Anderson, Rachel Pereyra Diehl, Karen Martin Tryda. The Center for Learning, 1993. 144 pp.

Invisible Hunters, The/Los cazadores invisibles

Author: Harriet Rohmer, Octavio Chow, Morris Vidaure
Format: Book
Description: This Miskito Indian legend set in seventeenth-century Nicaragua illustrates the impact of the first European traders on traditional life.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Harriet Rohmer, Octavio Chow, Morris Vidaure. Illustrated by Joe Sam. Children’s Book Press, San Francisco, 1987. 32 pp. BILINGUAL BOOK.

Isabel Allende: The Woman's Voice in Latin American Literature

Format: Videocassette
Description: Isabel Allende describes the emotions that inform her fiction and the events that set them in motion. Recommended by Booklist, Hispania, Library Journal.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Films for the Humanities, Inc., Princeton, NJ, 1994. 56 minutes. In English.

Jade and Iron: Latin American Tales from Two Cultures

Author: Translated by Hugh Hazelton
Format: Book
Description: This collection reflects the lore of the native inhabitants of Latin America (represented by jade, a precious stone to them) and that of the transplanted Europeans who later colonized Latin America (represented by iron, from which they made tools and weapons). Lovely illustrations accompany short stories which range from myths explaining the existence of important elements in our world to stories about people and their relationships to the natural world and to each other.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Translated by Hugh Hazelton. A Groundwood Book, Douglas and McIntyre, Toronto, 1996. 64 pp.

Jornal da Tartaruga (Turtle Journal)

Format: Videocassette
Description: This animated video, produced by Brazil's sea turtle preservation project, turns environmental issues into a turtle news program. Topics include artificial lights and sea turtles and issues with catching turtles. Cute, and informative.
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Projeto TAMAR, 2002. In Portuguese with English subtitles.

Jose Clemente Orozco: Graphic Work

Author: Clemente Orozco
Format: Book
Description:

Mexican painter José Clemente Orozco (1883-1949) was one of the twentieth century's major artists and Mexico's greatest muralist. In addition to his acclaimed work in painting, Orozco was also a skilled and versatile printmaker, architectural draftsman, caricaturist, portraitist, book illustrator, and stage designer for ballet.

This fully illustrated volume documents José Clemente Orozco's finest work as a printmaker in lithography and intaglio. It reproduces lithographs, etchings, preliminary studies, and unfinished pieces, accompanied by catalog entries that record the work's title, date, and (where applicable) printing history. Accompanying the images are an introduction and biography by Orozco's son Clemente Orozco, who offers an insider's perspective on the artist's philosophy and techniques. As a whole, these graphic works demonstrate Orozco's impeccable craftsmanship and creative style, characterized by an elegant compositional clarity and economy of elements. They powerfully confirm the truth of this statement by Orozco: "After all, isn't it possible to make the most marvelous picture with only a pencil on any piece of paper?"


Grade level 1: High School
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Clemente Orozco. Austin, TX; University of Texas Press, 2004. 140 pp.

Juan Bobo and the Horse of Seven Colors: A Puerto Rican Legend

Author: Retold by Jan Mike and illustrated by Charles Reasoner
Format: Book
Description: After winning seven wishes from a magical horse, the foolish Juan Bobo wastes six of them on his way to try to make the King's daughter laugh. A Puerto Rican version of the story of the magical seven-colored horse that appears throughout Latin America and the American Southwest. See also THE LITTLE SEVEN-COLORED HORSE, A Spanish American Folktale, listed under "Latin America." Includes a page of introductory information on Puerto Rico.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Retold by Jan Mike and illustrated by Charles Reasoner. Legends of the World, Troll Associates, 1995. 32 pp.

Juan Polito Baxin: Guitarra de son

Format: Audio CD
Description:

32 son jarocho pieces played on guitarra de son, without accompaniment.


Grade level 1: All
Publication details: Anona Music.

Judge and the General, The

Format: DVD
Description:

When in 1998 Chilean judge Juan Guzmán was assigned the first criminal cases against the country's ex-dictator, General Augusto Pinochet, no one expected much. Guzmán had supported Pinochet's 1973 coup — waged as an anti-Communist crusade — that left the democratically elected president, Salvador Allende, and thousands of others dead or "disappeared." The filmmakers trace the judge's descent into what he calls "the abyss," where he uncovers the past — including his own role in the tragedy. The Judge and the General reveals one of the 20th century’s most notorious episodes and tells a cautionary tale about violating human rights in the name of "higher ideals."


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: PBS, 2008. 83 min.

Key Understandings and Instructional Guidelines for Teaching and Learning about Mexico

Author: Elsie Begler, ed.
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description:

A brief booklet introducing the problem of and the response to teaching about Mexico. Includes 7 key concepts, and basic explanations, for teaching about Mexico. Also includes 7 instructional guidelines for achieving the key understandings outlined above.


Grade level 1: Adult
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Elsie Begler, ed. Task Force on Mexico in the K-12 Curriculum. Center for Latin American Studies, San Diego State University, 1991. 9 pp.

Kids Explore Mexico

Format: Videocassette
Description: Energetic kids discover this dynamic South of the Border country. Investigating the mysteries of Aztec and Mayan ruins; sharing a tantalizing meal with a Mexican family; joining festive guitar players and flamenco dancers—curious young adventurers explore the rich history and vibrant people of Mexico.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Where in the World Series, Children's International Network, Inc., 1995. 28 minutes.

Knocks at My Door

Format: Videocassette
Description: This tense political drama portrays crimes of oppression in vivid, human terms. A man hunted by military police takes refuge in a home shared by two Catholic nuns. Because the punishment for harboring fugitives is death, the nuns must grapple with their own social, political and theological issues as to what to do with their desperate lodger. An emotionally wrenching, powerful film that effectively depicts the moral dilemmas that have been faced by citizens in many of the fledgling democracies of South and Central America. Venezuela's official entry in the 1995 Human Rights Film Festival.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Fox Lorber Home Video, New York, 1996. 105 minutes. In Spanish with English subtitles.

Land of the Five Suns

Author: Kay McManus
Format: Book
Description: Includes the following Aztec stories: the founding of the city of Tenochtitlan, the creation and destruction of the first four suns, the creation of human beings, how maize was found, how music was brought to the world, the creation of the sun and moon, the discovery of chocolate. Beautiful photographs of Aztec arts.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Kay McManus. Looking at Myths and Legends series. NTC Publishing Group, Lincolnwood, IL, 1996. 48 pp.

Latin America in Transition

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Teacher's guide and video. Brief video clips feature news footage and formal discussions among political players from the past four decades. Topics include an overview, politics and democracy, economic development and regional integration, the environment, human rights, poverty and social change, and U.S. interests in Latin America. Instructional guide includes lessons, reproducible activities, and a bibliography for further reading.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Educational Series. The Southern Center for International Studies, Atlanta, 1995. 201 pp. and 70 minute video (containing 6 separate sections).

Latin America On File

Author: Valerie Tomaselli-Moschovities
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Through timelines, maps, graphs, and charts, students will be able to research topics regarding a given country's governmental structure, financial situation, population growth, racial breakdown, religious influences, cultural customs, educational practices, kinship ties, and more. More than 500 maps and diagrams, with up-to-date information on each major country, are featured. The Contemporary Regional Issues section presents such topics as: rain forest and carbon dioxide emissions; population density; urbanization vs. rural development; education development; racial and ethnic divisions; poverty and income inequality; refugees and U.S. immigrants; free trade; comparative demographics.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Valerie Tomaselli-Moschovities. CMandA/Summit Digital, Inc., 1995. Binder with 312 pp.

Latin America: A Concise Interpretive History

Author: E Bradford Burn and Julie A. Charlip
Format: Book
Description: This landmark volume of Latin American history weaves the history of an entire region into a coherent story that emphasizes both common themes and regional and national specificity. An interpretive history of modern Latin America with a focus on the central dynamic of Latin American history—the enigma of poor people inhabiting rich lands—while establishing a firm point of view that acts as a starting point for classroom debate and discussion.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: E Bradford Burn and Julie A. Charlip. 7th ed. Pearson Education, 2002. 378 pp.

Latin America: Global Perspectives through Editorial Cartoons

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Four sets of Latin American political cartoons depicting views on economy and society, trade and development, the giant neighbor to the North, and moving toward democracy. Thoughtful questions for discussion of Latin American views.
Grade level 1: High
Publication details: Highsmith Inc., Fort Atkinson, WI, 1997. 12 overhead transparencies and a 19 pp. Teacher's Resource Booklet.

Latin America: Its Problems and Its Promise

Author: Jan Knippers Black
Format: Book
Description: Includes discussions of the resolution of conflict in Central America, the tenuous trend to redemocratization in South America, and the traumatic impact of drugs and debt throughout the hemisphere. Contributors carefully examine developments in the 1990s, such as spurts of economic growth, emphasis on the export sector, a trend to privatization, general retrenchment with regard to social welfare programs, and the recognition that distinctive ecological zones are threatened. Also given special attention is the expanding influence of Latin American intellectual, literary, and artistic contributions.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Jan Knippers Black, ed. 3rd edition. Westview Press, Boulder, CO, 1998. 658 pp.

Latin American Art in the Twentieth Century

Author: Edward J. Sullivan, ed.
Format: Book
Description: This is the first comprehensive and authoritative survey of an increasingly popular and important field, edited by one of its most respected scholars. Written by a team of experts, each of whom writes about the art of his or her own country, providing a genuinely Latin American viewpoint. This is the first English-language publication to do full justice to the richness and complexity of the Latin American art traditions.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Edward J. Sullivan, ed. London: Phaidon Press, 2004. 352 pp. with index.

Latin American Civilization: History and Society, 1492 to the Present

Author: Benjamin Keen, ed.
Format: Book
Description: Combines the best material of previous editions with new material on women in Latin America and modern developments, including a mounting debt crisis in Latin American coupled with the failure of neoliberal economics, recent government setbacks versus guerillas in Colombia, and governmental struggles in Mexico, Argentina, Venezuela and Brazil.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Benjamin Keen, ed. 7th edition. Westview Press, Boulder, CO, 2000. 507 pp.

Latin American History: A Teaching Atlas

Author: Cathryn L. Lombardi and John V. Lombardi
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Includes maps covering the environment, Spanish and Amerindian groups, discovery and conquest, colonial governments, trade, independence, modern boundaries, international relations, population, economics and society. Great source for historical maps.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Cathryn L. Lombardi and John V. Lombardi. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1983. 103 pp. plus index.

Latin American Independence: An Anthology of Sources

Author: Sarah C. Chambers and John Charels Chasteen, eds.
Format: Book
Description:

Through a variety of primary sources - including speeches, poems, letters, and book excerpts - this collection illustrates the origins, progress, and unfulfilled republican promise of the Latin American Wars for Independence (1780-1850). A general Introduction offers a history of the period; head notes introduce each selection and provide historical and political context. Maps and illustrations are included, as are a chronology of the Wars for Independence, suggestions for further reading, and a thorough index.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Sarah C. Chambers and John Charels Chasteen, eds. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Co., 2010. 248 pp. w/index.

Latin American Popular Culture: An Introduction

Author: William H. Beezley and Linda A. Curcio-Nagy, eds.
Format: Book
Description: Exploring the cultural focus of an entire continent is a daunting task, but for the 13 academics here—mission accomplished. The essays, only two of which are reprints, share the Latin American theme yet represent unique contributions to scholarship by employing cultural events or activities to relate a nation's history and social awareness. Collectively, the essays overcome the stigma often attached to the study of popular culture as a legitimate academic discipline that provides insight into intellectual and cultural character and the distinguishing "images, practices, and institutions" that create national identities.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: William H. Beezley and Linda A. Curcio-Nagy, eds. Scholarly Resources Inc., 2000. 255 pp.

Latin American Teaching Basket

Format: Cultural Trunk
Description: Collections of handicrafts from various Latin American nations. Accompanied by explanatory information.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: World of Education, Wauconda, IL, 1998.

Latin Americans, The: Understanding Their Legacy

Author: Randall Hansis
Format: Book
Description: A comprehensive, interdisciplinary introduction to Latin American society for introductory courses in Latin America. Each thematic chapter is a cohesive explanation of the issues important to Latin Americans that utilizes scholarship from history, anthropology, sociology, economics, psychology, literature and other disciplines. Coverage includes women, ecology, technology and multi-ethnicity, as well as politics and economics.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Randall Hansis. McGraw Hill, Boston, MA, 1997. 344 pp.

Latino Holiday Book, The: From Cinco de Mayo to Dia de los Muertos, the Celebrations and Traditions of Hispanic-Americans

Author: Valerie Menard
Format: Book
Description: The essential resource for learning about the special traditions and celebrations of Hispanic-Americans. Author Valerie Menard takes us through the full year, covering new year's traditions, Dia de los Reyes, Calle Ocho, Easter, Cinco de Mayo, the feast of San Juan Bautista, the Cuban and Mexican celebrations of independence, National Puerto Rican Day, the feast of Our Lady of Charity of El Cobre and Our Lady of the Divine Inspiration, Dia de la Raza, Dia de los Muertos, the feast day of the Virgin of Guadalupe and Christmas. Weddings, birthdays, and quinceaneras are also explored.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Valerie Menard. Marlowe and Company, NY, 2000. 174 pp.

Legend of Food Mountain, The/La montaña de alimento

Author: Adapted by Harriet Rohmer. Illustrated by Graciela Carrillo.
Format: Book
Description: An Aztec legend recounting how a giant red ant helped the ancient god, Quetzalcoatl, bring corn to the first hungry people of the earth.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Adapted by Harriet Rohmer. Illustrated by Graciela Carrillo. Children's Book Press, San Francisco, 1982. 24 pp. BILINGUAL BOOK.

Legend of the Christmas Flower, The/La leyenda de la flor de la Noche Buena

Author: Michael and Nora Berry
Format: Videocassette
Description: Award-winning animated film (in "video storybook" format) of the tale of the poinsettia, named after Dr. Joel Poinsett, first U.S. Ambassador to Mexico. The poinsettia has a lore and history throughout Latin America as "the flower of the holy night" or "the Christmas flower."
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: Michael and Nora Berry, Irving, TX, 1995. 40 minutes. Available in English or Spanish.

Lessons on Latin America

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: A 5-part series of reproducible activities; each part contains 15 lessons on Latin America. May be borrowed together, or individually. PART I introduces geographic terms, map studies, climate, rural and city life, and ancient empires. PART II focuses on European explorers, imperialism, struggles for independence, the Spanish-American War, and the peoples and cultures of Latin America. PART III emphasizes Mexico, and also covers Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, and the West Indies. PART IV spotlights Cuba, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Venezuela, Colombia, Chile, and Peru, and surveys the land, climate, and economy of South America. PART V features Argentina, Brazil, and the Amazon; looks at Latin American religion, arts, and education; and considers the problems of developing nations.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Learning Center USA, Scio, NY, 1998. 60 pp. each.

Life and Debt: Developing Stories I, Environment and Development

Author: Octavio Bezerra
Format: Videocassette
Description: Hard-hitting docudrama, winner of many awards, examines the links between Brazil's economic crisis and its tragic social and ecological plight following 500 years of domination and exploitation by Europeans, Americans, and now Asians. The Toronto Star wrote, "If there is a more precise and vivid essay on the root causes of Third World misery ... it could not be more potent than LIFE AND DEBT."
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Economics
Publication details: Octavio Bezerra for BBC/TVE/One World Group of Broadcasters, 1992. 47 minutes.

Life and Times of Frida Kahlo, The

Format: Videocassette
Description: Chronicles the life and art of the great Mexican painter as never before, framing Kahlo's life in relationship to the historical and cultural influences that inspired her and defined the first half of the 20th century. Kahlo became an international sensation in the world of modern art and radical politics. Her life was a drama of personal extremes lived against a backdrop of political, social, and artistic revolution. The film is an intimate biography of a woman who gracefully balanced a private life of illness and pain against a public persona that was flamboyant, irreverent, and world-renowned.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: PBS Home Video, 2004. 90 minutes.

Life in a Mexican Village

Format: Videocassette
Description: Educational video showing typical daily life in a small village. It shows daily chores, cooking, children at school, making of crafts, etc.
Publication details: Carlex Company, Rochester, MI, 1993. 22 minutes.

Like Water for Chocolate

Author: Directed by Alfonso Arau
Format: DVD
Description:

Based on the best-selling book. Tita and Pedro are passionately in love. But their love is forbidden by an ancient family tradition. To be near Tita, Pedro marries her sister. And Tita, as the family cook, expressed her passion for Pedro by preparing delectable dishes. Now, in Tita's kitchen, ordinary spices become a recipe for passion. Her creations bring on tears of longing, heated desire or chronic pain—while Tita and Pedro wait for the moment to fulfill their most hidden pleasures.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Directed by Alfonso Arau. Buena Vista Pictures Distribution, 1993. 105 minutes. In Spanish with English subtitles. Rated R.

Lingua: Vidas em Portugues

Format: DVD
Description:

Filmed in six countries: Portugal, Mozambique, India, Brazil, France and Japan. It's about the stories of the Portuguese language and its permanence among varied cultures, showing the daily life of people both famous and anonymous on four continents. In each place, the Portuguese language joins gods, melodies, climates, rhythms. It mixed itself into foods and landscapes. It was reinvented dozens of times and fed by successive waves of colonizers, immigrants, and descendants.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Paris Filmes. 91 min. Portuguese, with English subtitles.

Little Gold Star/Estrellita de oro

Author: Joe Hayes
Format: Book
Description: When young Arcia tries to convince her father to marry the woman next door, he warns her that, "Today Margarita is so sweet and kind,But her sweetness will turn bitter with time." Sure enough, soon after the marriage, Margarita favors her own two selfish daughters, and her stepdaughter is reduced to being a servant. The gift of sheep, one for each girl, from Arcia's shepherd father sets things in motion. His daughter's lamb grows large and healthy, and once it is sheared, a hawk appears and steals the wool. When Arcia asks for it back, the bird tells her to look where he flies. When she does, a gold star drifts from the sky and fastens itself to her forehead. Naturally, the jealous sisters want gold stars, too. However, one ends up sprouting a donkey's ear and the other a green horn. Arcia doesn't go to the ball in this version; she merely peeks in the window and the prince falls in love at first sight.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Joe Hayes. Illustrated by Gloria Osuna Perez and Lucia Angela Perez. Cinco Puntos Press, 2000. 30 pp. IN ENGLISH AND SPANISH.

Little Seven-Colored Horse, The: A Spanish American Folktale

Author: Written by Robert D. San Souci, illustrated by Jan Thompson Dicks,
Format: Book
Description: The story of the magical colored horse is popular throughout the Spanish-speaking world. This version is drawn from a combination of various retellings of this popular folktale. See also the shorter Puerto Rican variant, JUAN BOBO AND THE HORSE OF SEVEN COLORS.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Written by Robert D. San Souci, illustrated by Jan Thompson Dicks, Chronicle Books, San Francisco, 1995. 40 pp.

Llegaron los Camperos: Concert Favorites of Nati Cano's Mariachi los Camperos

Format: Other
Description: America's favorite mariachi ensemble, Nati Cano's Mariachi Los Camperos, brings you their solid-gold Mexican sound acclaimed by audiences in New York's Lincoln Center, Washington, DC's Kennedy Center, the Smithsonian Folklife Festival, and other major venues throughout the United States Southwest and Mexico. Llegaron Los Camperos (Los Camperos Have Arrived) showcases the group's concert stage repertoire, skillfully arranged versions of classic mariachi melodies and styles of traditional music from many regions of Mexico.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: CD. Smithsonian Folkways Recordings, 2005.

Lost Kingdoms of the Maya

Format: Videocassette
Description: Accompany archaeologists to spectacular Maya ruins as they unearth artifacts and huge temples of incredible beauty. Recently deciphered hieroglyphics and other new discoveries offer astounding clues to the lives of these ancient people.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: National Geographic Society, 1993. 60 minutes.

Lost Temple of the Aztecs

Author: Shelley Tanaka
Format: Book
Description: Using the discovery of the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan under the streets of Mexico City in 1978 as a starting point, Tanaka introduces readers to the world of the Aztecs at the time of the Spanish invasion. From this beginning, the readable text follows the fate of this capital city and its inhabitants until its fall and destruction in 1521. Lavishly illustrated with full-color photos, period artwork, and dramatic full-page paintings, the book is handsome and eye-catching.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Shelley Tanaka. Illustrated by Greg Ruhl. Toronto: Madison Press Books, 1998. 48 pp.

Lost World, The: Venezuela's Ancient Tepuis

Format: Videocassette
Country of origin: Venezuela
Description: In a remote corner of Venezuela lies one the of the last unexplored places on Earth. Giant blocks of sandstone, their summits cut off from the surrounding landscape by sheer breathtaking cliffs, form a spectacular landscape. Here, the world's highest waterfall drops more than 3,000 feet down the face of a remote plateau, shrouded mountaintops hide the world's oldest rocks, and mysterious creatures more ancient than dinosaurs still survive. Filmmaker Adrian Warren follows in the footsteps of explorers who set out to reveal the secrets and to discover unique life on Venezuela's ancient tablelands, which the local people call "tepuis."
Publication details: The Living Edens series. PBS Home Video, 2001. 60 minutes.

Lucha Libre: The Man in the Silver Mask. A Bilingual Cuento.

Author: Xavier Garza
Format: Book
Description:

In Xavier Garza’s bilingual kids’ book, young Carlitos attends his first lucha libre match in Mexico City. At ringside, Carlitos sees the famous luchador—the Man in the Silver Mask, a man whose eyes look terribly familiar. The masked wrestler even smiles at Carlitos! He is mesmerized as the Man in the Silver Mask is pitted against the terrible forces of evil—los rudos, the bad guys of lucha libre. They make the audience boo and hiss! In the end, though, the Man in the Silver Mask triumphs and, in the process, gains a lifelong fan.


Grade level 1: Elementary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Xavier Garza. El Paso: Cinco Puntos Press, 2007. 40 pp.

Machu Picchu

Author: Elizabeth Mann
Format: Book
Description:

Was there ever a people like the Inkas?

Using slingshots, clubs and stone-tipped spears, this small Andean tribe conquered an area spanning 2,500 miles. Without the use of the wheel, they built a vast and sophisticated network of roads. Without an alphabet, they administered a population of ten million people. With the most primitive of tools, they built cities of stone.

Machu Picchu is as astonishing as its builders. Set in a remote, inaccessible area of the high Andes, this breathtaking city was never found by the Spanish Conquistadores. It is an untouched example of the genius of the Inkas.

Machu Picchu tells the story about the rise of the Inkas and the building of this great city. Award-winning author Elizabeth Mann has become justly famous for engrossing narratives that make distant worlds comprehensible and complex engineering feats accessible. In Machu Picchu, these talents are displayed to their fullest.


Grade level 1: Elementary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Elizabeth Mann. New York: Mikaya Press, 2000. 48 pp.

Machu Picchu: Secrets of the Incan Empire

Format: Videocassette
Description: Join Hiram Bingham as he treks into the mountainous central regions of Peru in search of the Lost City of the Incas. When he emerges, he is an exploration superstar. Following a trail of rumor and legend, he wanders far into the sacred valleys, where he discovers a series of mountain-top sanctuaries used by the Incas to hide from their Spanish conquerors.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Searching for Lost Worlds series, Discovery Channel, 1996. 50 minutes.

Machuca

Format: DVD
Country of origin: Chile
Description:

 

Santiago, capital of Chile during the Marxist government of elected, highly controversial president Salvador Allende. Father McEnroe supports his leftist views by introducing a program at the prestigious "collegio" (Catholic prep school) St. Patrick to allow free admission of some proletarian kids. One of them is Pedro Machuca, slum-raised son of the cleaning lady in Gonzalo Infante's liberal-bourgeois home. Yet the new classmates become buddies, paradoxically protesting together as Gonzalo gets adopted by Pedro's slum family and gang. But the adults spoil that too, not in the least when general Pinochet's coup ousts Allende, and supporters such as McEnroe.

 


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Menemsha Filmas, 2004. 115 min. Spanish with English subtitles.

Mad Maria

Author: Marcio Souza
Format: Book
Description:

Inaccessible and mysterious, the jungle is the soul of South America. But probing it with the knife blade of civilization are men determined to run a railroad through its very heart: the aging English engineer whose humanity has been replaced by cynicism and obsession; the young American doctor whose romantic illusions dissolve with the first scorpion in his shoe; the beautiful woman who loses her grand piano and her husband to the pitiless river, but finds bizarre passion in a camp of horrors. And with them comes a smoke-belching train called Mad Maria, whose destination is nowhere, whose absurd journey is a darkly comic drama of man's fractured visions and shattered ideals.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Marcio Souza. New York: Avon Books, 1985. 390 pp.

Magic Dogs of the Volcanoes/Los perros mágicos de los volcanes

Author: Manlio Argueta
Format: Book
Description: An original story based about cadejos, magic dogs which often appear in the stories of the Salvadoran people. In this story, the cadejos are saved by the volcanoes when the armies are sent in to destroy them.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Manlio Argueta, Children's Book Press, San Francisco, CA, 1990. 32 pp. BILINGUAL BOOK.

Magic Feather, The: A Jamaican Legend

Author: Retold by Lisa Rojany, illustrated by Philip Kuznicki
Format: Book
Description: In this tale of West African origin, a girl must pull a feather from the dreaded Mancrow to bring color and light back to the island of Jamaica. Includes a page of introductory information on Jamaica.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Retold by Lisa Rojany, illustrated by Philip Kuznicki. Legends of the World, Troll Associates, 1995. 32 pp.

Magic Windows/Ventanas magicas

Author: Carmen Lomas Garza
Format: Book
Description: Carmen takes us on a fascinating journey that explores her family, community, and ancestors through the traditional folk art form of papel picado (cut-paper art). Through the magic windows of her cut-paper art, Carmen shows us her family, her life as an artist, and the legends of her Aztec past. See also MAKING MAGIC WINDOWS, Carmen Lomas Garza's workbook that shows, step by step, how to create beautiful designs and banners by simply folding and cutting tissue paper.
Grade level 1: Middle
Publication details: Carmen Lomas Garza. Children's Book Press, San Francisco, 1999. 32 pp. BILINGUAL BOOK.

Magnificent Maya, The

Format: Book
Description: Rich, detailed photographs of artifacts, cities, hieroglyphs, etc. Good picturebook for all ages.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: Adult
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Lost Civilizations, Time-Life Books, Alexandria, VA, 1993. 168 pp.

Making Magic Windows

Author: Carmen Lomas Garza
Format: Book
Description: This workbook introduces children to the traditional Mexican craft of papel picado. This book shows, step by step, how to create beautiful designs and banners by simply folding and cutting tissue paper. Several designs are included, as well as a section for more advanced students. See also MAGIC WINDOWS, Carmen Lomas Garza’s children’s story book with papel picado illustrations.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Carmen Lomas Garza, Children's Book Press, San Francisco, CA, 1999. 61 pp.

Making of New World Slavery, The: From the Baroque to the Modern, 1492-1800

Author: Robin Blackburn
Format: Book
Description:

The Making of New World Slavery argues that independent commerce, geared to burgeoning consumer markets, was the driving force behind the rise of plantation slavery. The baroque state sought—successfully—to feed upon this commerce and—with markedly less success—to regulate slavery and racial relations. To illustrate this thesis, Blackburn examines the deployment of slaves in the colonial possessions of the Portuguese, the Spanish, the Dutch, the English and the French. Plantation slavery is shown to have emerged from the impulses of civil society, not from the strategies of individual states.

Robin Blackburn argues that the organization of slave plantations placed the West on a destructive path to modernity and that greatly preferable alternatives were both proposed and rejected. Finally, he shows that the surge of Atlantic trade, predicated on the murderous toil of the plantations, made a decisive contribution to both the Industrial Revolution and the rise of the West.


Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Robin Blackburn. London: Verso, 1997. 602 pp. w/index.

Map Skills: Latin America

Author: R. Scott House and Patti M. House.
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Explore the varied features of the Latin American nations while reinforcing basic map reading skills. Sixteen student pages and accompanying blackline and full-color maps coordinate to provide a relational study of the elevations, vegetations, climates, products, populations, and people of Latin America. Student pages challenge students to combine maps and additional resources in order to answer questions and make judgments.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: R. Scott House and Patti M. House. St. Louis, MO: Milliken Publishing Company, 1993. 16 color transparencies and 32 pp.

Mapping Latin America: A Cartographic Reader

Author: Jordana Dym and Karl Offen, eds.
Format: Book
Description:

For many, a map is nothing more than a tool used to determine the location or distribution of something—a country, a city, or a natural resource. But maps reveal much more: to really read a map means to examine what it shows and what it doesn’t, and to ask who made it, why, and for whom. The contributors to this new volume ask these sorts of questions about maps of Latin America, and in doing so illuminate the ways cartography has helped to shape this region from the Rio Grande to Patagonia.


In Mapping Latin America,Jordana Dym and Karl Offen bring together scholars from a wide range of disciplines to examine and interpret more than five centuries of Latin American maps.Individual chapters take on maps of every size and scale and from a wide variety of mapmakers—from the hand-drawn maps of Native Americans, to those by famed explorers such as Alexander von Humboldt, to those produced in today’s newspapers and magazines for the general public. The maps collected here, and the interpretations that accompany them, provide an excellent source to help readers better understand how Latin American countries, regions, provinces, and municipalities came to be defined, measured, organized, occupied, settled, disputed, and understood—that is, how they came to have specific meanings to specific people at specific moments in time.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Jordan Dym and Karl Offen, eds. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011. 338 pp. w/index.

Mapping Latin America: A Curriculum Unit for Grades Six to Ten

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: This 7-lesson curriculum unit uses cooperative activities and games to introduce students to the physical and political geography of Latin America. In one lesson, students examine different world maps to help them understand that maps are created for specific purposes and convey different information based on their perspective and design. Other lessons include political and physiographic maps of Latin America, as well as exercises on Latin American cities and climates.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Stanford Program on International and Cross-Cultural Education (SPICE), 1992 (revised), 57 pp.

Maravillas del Peru

Format: DVD
Description:

This DVD shows us the magic and beauty of Peru with more than 1500 carefully selected pictures, accompanied by traditional Andean music. You can get to know popular festivals, like Inti Raymi, the Feast of the Virgin of Candelaria, Corpus Christi, and the Feast of the Virgin of Carmen, as well as significant places like Pisac, Ollantaytambo, Machu Picchu, Chinchero, Sacsayhumana, etc.


Grade level 1: All
Publication details: 2007.

Mariachi

Format: Videocassette
Description: Viva la musica! This video celebrates the rhythms and melodies of Mexican mariachi music. First, an introduction to Mexican history and the instruments. Then the hosts present the lively songs and brilliant, festive costumes. Fairly basic imagery, but good information.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Teacher's Video Company, 2000. 27 minutes.

Mariachi Music in America: Experiencing Music, Expressing Culture

Author: Daniel Sheehy
Format: Book
Description: One of several case-study volumes that can be used along with Thinking Musically, the core book in the Global Music Series. Thinking Musically incorporates music from many diverse cultures and establishes the framework for exploring the practice of music around the world. Each case study uses the contemporary musical situation as a point of departure, covering historical information and traditions as they relate to the present. This unique volume provides an accessible introduction to the social, cultural, and economic conditions surrounding mariachi music in the United States. Large immigrations of Mexicans to the U.S., the power of the international recording industry, and the fluid travel of mariachi musicians between the two countries have resulted in a strong base of musical continuity across the political border. Mariachi Music in America is packaged with a 50-minute CD containing examples of the music discussed in the book. It also features guided listening and hands-on activities that encourage readers to engage actively and critically with the music.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Grade level 3: Adult
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Book with CD. Daniel Sheehy. Part of Global Music series. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Masks from Many Cultures

Format: Videocassette
Description: Masks from different regions of the world and from diverse cultures are presented in this program. This overview includes images of over 100 masks which are combined with sequences of dances and festivals where masks are worn. A special segment shows masks worn at the Mardi Gras and an artist from the Dominican Republic making a festival mask. Among masks presented are examples from New Guinea, Bali, China, Tibet, Japan, Korea, Africa, Mexico, Guatemala, Bolivia, as well as a variety of masks by North American Indians.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Crystal Productions, 1993. 20 min.

Maya Art Activity Book

Author: Ann H. Fuerst
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: A book of lessons and activities on the subjects, themes, media, products, functions, designs and styles of Mayan art.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Ann H. Fuerst, San Diego Museum of Man and the San Diego Unified School District, San Diego, 1994. 260 pp.

Maya of Guatemala Culture Kit

Format: Cultural Trunk
Description: Culture kit includes: dolls of Mayan family in traditional dress; copal; woven textile; woven basket; woven fan; whistle flute; Mayan mask. Accompanied by teacher's guide with background, activities, standards alignment, maps, and artifact descriptions.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: Contemporary Native Cultures
Publication details: Ethnic Arts and Facts.

Maya, The

Author: Lawana Hooper Trout
Format: Book
Description: Part of the Indians of North America series, this book details the rise, conquest, and enduring problems of the Maya in Mexico and Guatemala.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Lawana Hooper Trout. Indians of North America Series, Chelsea House Publishers, New York, 1991. 127 pp.

Maya, The: Activites and Crafts from a Mysterious Land

Author: Arlette N. Braman
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Make a Maya pyramid. Mix up a chile chocolate drink. Create a macaw headdress. This book is filled with activities and projects that show how the Maya people lived and played, as well as how they managed to create a civilization that lasted almost 4,000 years.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Arlette N. Braman. Illustrated by Michele Nidenoff. Secrets of Ancient Cultures series. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 2003. 118 pp. with index.

Maya, The: Temples, Tombs and Time

Format: Videocassette
Description: Another video depicting the amazing accomplishments of Mayan civilization. This one, however, adds the indigenous precedents to the classic Maya and concludes with a segment on modern Mayans and their challenges. A solid, wholistic approach to presenting the Maya.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Grade level 3: College
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Questar Video, Inc., Chicago, 1995. 53 minutes.

Maya: The Blood of Kings

Author: Narrated by Sam Waterston
Format: Videocassette
Description: A vivid depiction of Mayan civilization, through reenactments of its classical period and historical interpretations of it following European "discovery" of the Americas. Dramatically explores Mayan achievements. The last portion of the video (with dramatic reenactments) focuses on blood-letting practices, both of the kings and of the commoners.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Time Life's Lost Civilizations Series, narrated by Sam Waterston, 1995. 48 minutes.

Mayan Folktales: Folklore from Lake Atitlan, Guatemala

Author: Translated and edited by James D. Sexton
Format: Book
Description: This magnificent collection gathers together tales from Lake Atitlan, Guatemala, to offer a rich and lively panorama of Mayan mythic heritage.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Grade level 3: College
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Translated and edited by James D. Sexton. Anchor Books, Doubleday, New York, 1992. 265 pp.

Mayan, Incan and Aztec Civilizations: Social Studies Activity Book

Author: Michael Kramme, Ph.D.
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Book of games, brief readings, and reproducible worksheets and activities. Units on Mayan cities, writing, mathematics and astrology, agriculture and trade; Inca religion, agriculture, weaving, arts and crafts, roads and bridges, cities and government; Aztec daily life, society, religion, calendar, art, games, agriculture, medicine and warfare. Includes sections on each civilization's encounter with the Spanish.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Michael Kramme, Ph.D., Mark Twain Media/Carson-Dellosa Publishing Company, Inc., 1996. 124 pp.

MayaQuest: The Mystery Trail

Format: CD-ROM
Description: Based on the 1995 expedition, this CD-ROM offers two educational interactive games and a multimedia resource tool with photographs, sound effects, and text. Macintosh and Windows compatible.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: MECC, Minneapolis, MN, 1995.

Mayas*Aztecs*Incas: Cooperative Learning Activities

Author: Mary Strohl and Susan Schneck
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Creative hands-on activities introduce students to three ancient cultures. Groups will create archaeological digs, complete ancient city murals, reenact myths, try recipes, make traditional games, and assemble all sorts of crafts.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Mary Strohl and Susan Schneck. Scholastic, New York, 1994. 112 pp.

Megacities: Sao Paulo

Format: DVD
Description:

In 1950, New York City was the world’s only megacity, but today there are nearly two dozen that qualify. This program travels to São Paulo, the world’s third-largest megacity, to offer a glimpse of what it’s like for the urban poor scraping out a living there. Visits to the slums and the streets of this 3,000-square-mile Brazilian metropolis paint a stark picture of a place where shootings, high levels of air and water pollution, and extreme traffic congestion continuously endanger the safety of its 18 million inhabitants.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Cambridge Educational, 2006. 15 min.

Mexican Christmas Traditions

Format: Videocassette
Description: Mexican Christmas traditions are an exquisite blend of Pre-Hispanic and Spanish customs from colonial times. But there are further influences: the pinatas, filled with candy that the children smack open with a stick, were originally Chinese; some of the candies sold during the season come from Arabian cuisine; the date itself coincided with the Aztec feast for Huitzilpochtli, an important god whose festivities lasted during the whole month of December. Come and join us during our Posadas, a singing version of the holy peregrination in search for a place where Christ could be born. Walk through Alameda Park in downtown Mexico City and lose yourself in the explosion of color, send your letter to Santa or the Three Magi tied to a gas balloon, take your photo with the Three Magi in a surrealistic setting. Experience the fun and flavor of a Mexican Christmas.
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Inside Mexico. 20 minutes.

Mexican Students

Format: Videocassette
Description: A brief video showing interviews with Mexican students about their after-school activities, Mexican traditions, typical jokes, and their advice to tourists. First 12 minutes is in Spanish with English subtitles, followed by a vocabulary review, with the final section showing the same interviews but without the subtitles. Enjoyable viewing.
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: Educational Video Network. 27 minutes. In Spanish with (and without) English subtitles.

Mexican-American War, The

Author: Compiled by Milton Meltzer
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: The Mexican-American War, though brief and limited, had a profound influence upon American life. The first successful offensive war in United States history, it added 850,000 square miles—a third of Mexico—to the United States domain. This Jackdaw outlines the course of the war and helps to put it in proper perspective. Contents include newspaper coverage, battle art, letter from an American soldier, political caricatures, and broadsheets on the war.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Compiled by Milton Meltzer. Jackdaw Publications.

Mexico

Author: James A. Michener
Format: Book
Description: A novel. Vividly captures the sweep of Mexico's colorful history in the classic Michener style.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Grade level 3: Adult
Publication details: James A. Michener, Random House, New York, 1992. 625 pp.

Mexico

Author: R. Conrad Stein
Format: Book
Description: Describes the geography, plants, animals, history, economy, culture, and people of Mexico. Many color photos. Good background reading.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: R. Conrad Stein, Enchantment of the World Series, Children's Press, 1998. 144 pp.

Mexico and Central America: A Fiesta of Cultures, Crafts, and Activities for Ages 8-12

Author: Mary C. Turck
Format: Curriculum Unit
Country of origin: Mexico
Description: This multicultural activity book celebrates the myriad cultures of Mexico and Central America (Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama) and their shared Aztec and Mayan roots. For each country, a brief introduction includes illustrated maps and facts about population and geography. Engaging sidebars throughout introduce kids to the Spanish language. More than 40 projects and three dramatic play scripts explore the interconnectedness of these countries and help children experience aspects of daily life throughout the region including school, work, home, art and poetry, food and agriculture, and special holidays. Activities include: embroidering Mayan designs, painting in the Salvadoran style, creating an ofrenda for the Day of the Dead, crafting political puppets, cooking chocobananas, making pinatas, creating an Aztec calendar, and painting a mural.
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Mary C. Turck. Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2004. 147 pp. with appendix.

Mexico and Mexico City

Format: Videocassette
Description: In video one, a portrait of Mexico City, a product of its tumultuous past; the legacy of the Aztecs, the influence of the Spanish, American, and French invasions, civil war and revolution, have all left their mark. In the second video, visit Chichen Itza, Cancun, Cozumel, the Baja Peninsula, Taxco, and Oaxaca. These videos give a great overview of Mexico and Mexico City.
Publication details: IVN Communications, San Ramon, CA, 1996. 60 minutes.

Mexico City

Format: Videocassette
Description: Founded in 1319 by the Aztecs, Mexico City has been at the heart of Mexico's political, cultural, economic and intellectual life for hundreds of years. Explore this buzzing capital where modern skyscrapers tower over Indian markets and Spanish churches. Get a hot taste for Mexican chillies at La Merced, one of the largest food markets; drink tequila in a bar where there are more than 550 different varieties; attend Our Lady of Guadalupe celebrations.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Travel Videos
Publication details: Globe Trekker, Pilot Film and TV Productions, Oakland, CA, 2002. 50 mins.

Mexico City

Format: Videocassette
Description: Part of the SuperCities series. Ancient ruins and towering skyscrapers, bustling markets and quiet parks, and a variety of cultural and ethnic backgrounds merge to create the vibrant energy of Mexico City.
Publication details: IVN Communications, San Ramon, CA, 1995. 30 minutes.

Mexico for Children: The Culture of Mexico

Format: Videocassette
Description: Students will appreciate the rich cultural heritage of Mexico and how it affects the daily lives of its citizens. Students will find that Mexico's indigenous people and Spanish rule have influenced the ceremonial dress, folktales, food and holidays of Mexico. Other videos in the series: The Geography of Mexico, The History of Mexico. Teacher's Guide included.
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Schlessinger Media, 2004. 32 min.

Mexico for Children: The Geography of Mexico

Format: Videocassette
Description: Students will understand how Mexico's geography has shaped its history, society, and culture. Travel through a variety of land formations and regions from the desert in Sonora to the lush rainforests of Chiapas, and see how location and climate have impacted the settlement patterns and lifestyles of Mexicans. Other videos in the series: The Culture of Mexico, The History of Mexico. Teacher's Guide included.
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Schlessinger Media, 2004. 23 min.

Mexico for Children: The History of Mexico

Format: Videocassette
Description: Students will learn that Mexico has overcome many obstacles throughout history to become an independent, self-governing nation. Beginning with the ancient civilizations of the Olmec, follow the Spanish conquest of the great Aztec, the impact of Catholic missionaries and the wars for independence fought with other countries, as well as within Mexico's own borders. Other videos in the series: The Culture of Mexico, The Geography of Mexico. Teacher's Guide included.
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Schlessinger Media, 2004. 23 min.

Mexico Reader, The: History, Culture, Politics

Author: Gilbert M. Joseph and Timothy J. Henderson, eds.
Format: Book
Description: A diverse collection of more than eighty selections, The Mexico Reader brings together poetry, folklore, fiction, polemics, photo essays, songs, political cartoons, memoirs, satire, and scholarly writing. Works by Octavio Paz and Carlos Fuentes are included along with pieces about such well-known figures as the larger-than-life revolutionary leaders Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata; there is also a communique from a more recent rebel, Subcomandante Marcos. At the same time, the book highlights the perspectives of many others—indigenous peoples, women, politicians, patriots, artists, soldiers, rebels, priests, workers, peasants, foreign diplomats, and travelers. Selections are brief; many are primary sources; good complementary material for a geography or history class. See also THE ARGENTINA READER, THE BRAZIL READER, and THE PERU READER.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Gilbert M Joseph and Timothy J. Henderson, eds. Durham: Duke University Press, 2002. 792 pp. w/index.

Mexico: A Literature-Based Multicultural Unit

Author: Betsy Franco
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Includes a folktale ("The Three Brothers and the Singing Toad"), creative activities and an introduction to the Spanish language. A good introduction to Mexican language and culture.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Betsy Franco. Evan-Moor Corp., Monterey, CA, 1993. 48 pp.

Mexico: A Story of Courage and Conquest

Format: Videocassette
Description: VOLUME 1 tells the story of the ancient empires that tamed the high valleys and rugged mountains. Visit the awe-inspiring ruins of Teotihuacan and Palenque, relics of the Toltec and Mayan civilizations. Explore the mysteries of these sophisticated cultures, including their practice of human sacrifice. Trace the waves of conquest that made the Aztecs the most powerful people in the New World, and the battles with the Spanish that brought their empire to its knees in little over a year. VOLUME 2 reveals hat life was like in colonial Mexico, where the Catholic Church was the dominant force in daily life. Ironically, it was a priest who raised the banner of revolution and led a barefoot army against the king. From Miguel Hidalgo's historic march on Mexico City to the shocking treachery of a Spanish general, the story of the long fight for freedom comes alive. Relive the storied Battle of the Alamo, which forever colored Mexico's relationship with its powerful neighbor to the north. VOLUME 3 chronicles the waves of fighting that rocked the fledgling nation, from the "Pastry War" with France to the Mexican-American War. Discover how the war with Mexico shaped the careers of pivotal figures from the American Civil War, including Jefferson Davis, Winfield Scott and Robert E. Lee. And trace the rise of arguably the most influential Mexican leader of all, Benito Juarez. VOLUME 4 tells the story of the revolution waged by rogue bandits like Pancho Villa and peasant saints like Emiliano Zapata. A generation was lost, but through their sacrifice a modern nation was born. Discover how Mexico finally gained stability under the rule of the Institutional Revolutionary Party, and examine the problems that face the nation today.
Publication details: The History Channel, 1999. 4 videos, 50 minutes each.

Mexico: A Traveler's Literary Companion

Author: C.M. Mayo, ed.
Format: Book
Description:

Mexico has long been the top travel destination for Americans. But until now, there has not been such a panoramic vision of offered by some of Mexico's finest contemporary writers of fiction and literary prose. Here are writings — many translated for the first time — that bring you to the people of the beaches, the deserts, jungles, snow-capped mountains, and megacities. The voices are rich and diverse, the stories enthralling and strange. These writings shatter stereotypes as they provide a rollicking journey from the Pacific to the Gulf, from Yucatan to the U.S.-Mexico border, from humble ranchos to a fabulous mountaintop castle. Contributors include Daniel Reveles, Carlos Fuentes, Inés Arredondo, Jesús Gardea, Elizondo Elizondo, Agustín Cadena, C. M. Mayo, Carlos Monsiváis, Juan Villoro, Guadalupe Loaeza, Fernando del Paso, Mónica Lavín, Pedro Ángel Palou, Ángeles Mastretta, Raúl Mejía, Martha Cerda, Araceli Ardón, Bruno Estañol, Ilan Stavans, Raymundo Hernández-Gil, Julieta Campos, Alberto Ruy Sánchez, Rosario Castellanos, and Laura Esquivel.


Grade level 1: High School
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: C.M. Mayo, ed. Berkeley, CA: Whereabouts Press, 2006. 238 pp.

Mexico: Journey to the Sun

Format: Videocassette
Description: Ancient treasures, Indian cultures and contemporary cities. No matter where you travel, Mexico is a myriad of religions, heritages, and lifestyles unlike any other. From the Sea of Cortez to the Caribbean, see the sights that make this the vacation destination of millions.
Publication details: Video Visits, IVN Communications, San Ramon, CA, 1995. 53 minutes.

Mexico: Splendors of Thirty Centuries

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Although written to accompany a 1991 exhibition of Mexican art, this guide can still be useful in teaching art without a visit to the museum. The guide provides an overview and background information on major artistic periods and movements, as well as a time line, sections on folk art and architecture, a list of resources and a glossary. Also included are activities that do not require a museum visit, such as acting as curator for an exhibition, planning a trip to Mexico, playing with Aztec/Spanish/English languages and word associations, art projects (such a papel picado, mosaic masks), and Mayan math activities.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: San Antonio Museum of Art, Department of Education, 1991. 43 pp.

Mexico: The Rise and Fall of the Aztecs

Author: Hosted by Kevin Costner
Format: Videocassette
Description: Without contact with Europe or Asia, the Mexican Indian Nations used their own great skills to build magnificent cities. But in 1519, as Hernando Cortez came ashore under the Spanish flag, it was the beginning of the end. Leading armoured men with sophisticated weapons and thousands of Mexican allies, Cortez challenged the empire of the Aztecs. The Indians of Central Mexico and dramatic eyewitness accounts of the Aztec-Spanish War highlight this film.
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: 500 Nations Productions, 1994. 49 minutes. Hosted by Kevin Costner.

Middle and South America

Format: Multimedia Instruction Kit
Description: Mysterious ruins point to the glory of vanished civlilizations. Explore the archaeological evidence and evaluate contributions of various groups such as the Maya, Zapotec, Aztec, and Olmec to Mesoamerican civilization. Discover how the Inca Empire developed in the Andes of South America. Also learn how archaeologists solve a puzzle left by the Tiwanaku culture. The GEOKIT INCLUDES: Middle and South America PictureShow CD-ROM; Lost Empire of the Tiwanaku video; The Maya (Mystery of the Maya and Maya Way of Death) video, Ancient Civilizations: Middle America PicturePack Transparency Set with 40 overhead transparencies, Ancient Civilizations: South America PicturePack Transparency Set with 40 transparencies; a map; a Teacher's Guide with lessons, blackline masters, and National Geographic readings.
Grade level 1: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: GeoKit. Ancient Civilizations Series. National Geographic Society, 1996-2002.

Middle of the World, The/O Caminho das Nuvens

Author: Directed by Vicente Amorim
Format: DVD
Description:

Romao, illiterate and unemployed, feels destiny drawing him on an odyssey to Rio de Janeiro in pursuit of a job and a decent life. Based on a true story, THE MIDDLE OF THE WORLD follows a family of seven on a journey 2,000 miles across the hinterlands of Brazil on bicycles. Along the way, director Vicente Amorim beautifully explores the inner dynamics of a family facing a great challenge. THE MIDDLE OF THE WORLD is an unimaginable road movie, both graceful and tender, about having the courage to pursue your dreams.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Directed by Vicente Amorim. Film Movement, 2006. In Portuguese with English subtitles. 86 min. Not rated.

Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla: Father of Mexican Independence

Author: Frank de Varona
Format: Book
Description: The story of Father Hidalgo's childhood, work as a priest, and role in the Mexican Revolution. Accompanied by both historical and more contemporary illustrations (including paintings by Jose Clemente Orozco and Diego Rivera).
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Key Figures
Publication details: Frank de Varona. The Millbrook Press, Brookfield, CT, 1993. 32 pp.

Missing

Format: DVD
Description: Jack Lemmon, Sissy Spacek and John Shea star in Costa-Gavras' political thriller based on the true story of Charles Horman, an American writer who disappears and is killed during the overthrow of Allende's government in Chile. Lemmon is the concerned father whose attempts to learn the truth are stonewalled by bureaucracy and cover-up.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Universal Pictures, Universal City, CA, 1982. 123 minutes. Rated PG.

Mission, The

Format: DVD
Description: 18th century Spanish Jesuits try to protect a remote South American Indian tribe in danger of falling under the rule of pro-slavery Portugal. Jeremy Irons plays a Spanish Jesuit who goes into the South American wilderness to build a mission in the hope of converting the Indians of the region. Robert DeNiro plays a slave hunter who is converted and joins Irons in his mission. When Spain sells the colony to Portugal, they are forced to defend all they have built against the Portugese aggressors. Bonus features include documentary which visits the film's location shoot and examines the lives of the Waunana Indians.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Warner Bros, 1986. 125 minutes. Rated PG.

Modern Latin America

Author: Thomas E. Skidmore and Peter H. Smith
Format: Book
Description: A lively interpretive history that has been revised and expanded with each new edition. General chapters focus on colonial foundations, the transformation (1880s-1990s) of modern Latin America, Latin America and the world (including relations with the U.S.), and the future of Latin America. Country-specific chapters focus on Argentina, Chile, Brazil, Peru, Mexico, Cuba, the Caribbean (Haiti, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and the Lesser Antilles), and Central America (Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala). An excellent background text.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Thomas E. Skidmore and Peter H. Smith. 5th edition. Oxford University Press, 2001. 226 pp.

Modern Latin America (History Alive!)

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: A thick binder of ready-to-use lesson plans on modern Latin America, including specific lessons on: Overview of Latin America, Case Study: Modern Mexico, Case Study: The Brazilian Rainforest, and Latin American Cultural Connections to the U.S. Includes varied activity suggestions with different teaching approaches, detailed instructions on presenting the lesson and using the accompanying overhead transparencies, reproducible student handouts, and a cassette with recordings. An excellent resource.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: History Alive!, Teachers' Curriculum Institute, 1998.

Montezuma and the Fall of the Aztecs

Author: Eric A. Kimmel
Format: Book
Description: Hernan Cortes and his small force of Spanish soldiers arrived on the coast of Mexico in 1519. Within three years an estimated 240,000 people were dead and the Aztec empire had collapsed. Kimmel prefaces his account of these events with a few pages of background information on the empire and Montezuma's rule. The story of Cortes's marches inland, his capture of the native leader, and the siege on Tenochtitlan is simply but dramatically told.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Eric A. Kimmel. Illustrated by Daniel San Souci. New York: Holiday House, 2000. 32 pp.

Most Beautiful Place in the World, The

Author: Ann Cameron
Format: Book
Description: Juan lives in the mountains of Guatemala on the shores of a blue lake, surrounded by spectacular volcanoes, bright green fields, and flocks of wild parrots. But Juan's life is not easy—his mother has abandoned him and he must work to earn his keep. He longs to attend school and learn to read. Can he ever hope to make his grandmother understand?
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Ann Cameron. Dell Yearling, 1988. 57 pp.

Most Distant Places, The

Format: DVD
Description:

Dr. Edgar Rodas has dedicated his life to improving the health conditions for underprivileged communities in his native Ecuador, and Cinterandes is his visionary mobile hospital and rural health care project. The Most Distant Places follows Dr. Rodas and his team to the far reaches of Ecuador, interweaving intimate portrayals of the doctors with stories of the patients they treat.   Traveling from indigenous areas in the Andes to fishing villages on the coast to Amazonian river communities, this film is a unique and hopeful look at the challenges of providing health care for impoverished people located far from adequate medical facilities.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: New Day FIlms, 2010. 35 min. In Spanish and English, with subtitles.

Mother Scorpion Country/La tierra de la madre escorpion

Author: Harriet Rohmer
Format: Book
Description:

A legend from the Miskito Indians of Nicaragua about the love of a man for his wife, and his desire to be with her, leading him to accompany her into the afterlife.


Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Harriet Rohmer, Children's Book Press, San Francisco, CA, 1987. 32 pp. BILINGUAL BOOK WITH CASSETTE.

Motorcycle Diaries, The

Format: DVD
Description: Based on a true life story, The Motorcycle Diaries is an inspiring and thrilling adventure that traces the youthful origins of a revolutionary spirit. The film follows two daring friends, Ernesto "Che" Guevara and Alberto Granado, who hop on the back of a beat-up motorcycle for a breathtaking and exciting road trip across Latin America. With Gael Garcia Bernal and Rodrigo de la Serna, directed by Walter Salles.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Key Figures
Publication details: Universal, 2004. 127 minutes. Rated R for language. Spanish with English subtitles. Full screen edition.

Movie in My Pillow, A/Una película en mi almohada

Author: Jorge Argueta
Format: Book
Description: In his first collection of poems for children, poet Jorge Argueta evokes the wonder of his childhood in rural El Salvador, a touching relationship with a caring father, and his confusion and delight in his new urban home in San Francisco. We glimpse the richness of Jorgito's inner world and dreams—the movie in his pillow. Beautifully illustrated. Winner of the Consortium of Latin American Studies Program's Americas Book Award.
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Jorge Argueta. Illustrated by Elisabeth Gomez. Children's Book Press, San Francisco, 2001. 31 pp. BILINGUAL BOOK.

Mummies of Peru (Assignment Discovery)

Format: Videocassette
Description: Unearth the secrets of an ancient people preserved by the sands of time. In the dry desert of southern Peru, archaeologists have excavated a burial site belonging to the Chiribaya, an early population of Peruvians who sent their dead to the afterlife with gold jewelry, fine textiles, and sometimes even a mummified llama. Accompanied by a brief Teacher's Guide, with NCSS Standards alignments and discussion questions/activities for Grades 6-8.
Grade level 1: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Discovery Channel School, 2002. 52 minutes

Music of Brazil, The

Format: Audio CD
Country of origin: Brazil
Description:

Nineteen tracks to introduce listeners to opular music from Brazil.


Grade level 1: All

My School in Brazil

Format: Videocassette
Description: Presents a circus school in Brazil as a way of discovering this country, its life-style, and its culture. Meet student guides who help the viewer learn about this country's schools, environment, and daily life.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: I Love School series. Landmark Media Inc., 1998. 13 minutes.

Mysteries of Peru

Format: Videocassette
Description: A two-part documentary series exploring the stunning achievements of pre-Inca civilization ... and its mysterious and sudden disappearance. ENIGMA OF THE RUINS—Before the ascent of the Inca empire, ancient and enigmatic civilizations thrived along Peru's coastal deserts. Perhaps one of the most stunning achievements of one such civilization, the Chimu culture, was its ability to harvest crops on expansive tracts of land that today are little more than barren sand. We know that they accomplished this through a highly sophisticated network of irrigation canals. But how could a "primitive" people employ such advanced technology yet, at the same time, leave no evidence of written language? THE LINES—Two thousand years ago, ancient Peruvians drew lines and vast animal figures in the flat desert floor, figures which they would never see themselves, as they are only fully comprehensible from the air. How did the ancient people of the Nazca desert achieve such geometric precision, and what is the meaning of the drawings of giant spiders and birds?
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Grade level 3: College
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Central Independent Television, 1985. 50 minutes each.

Mythologies of the World: The Illustrated Guide to Mythological Beliefs & Customs

Author: Michael McKenzie, Richard Prime, Lisa George, Ray Dunning
Format: Book
Description:

Mythologies of the World introduces readers to the myths, beliefs, traditions, and customs from around the globe and throughout history. An extensive introduction traces the origins and nature of myths, the search for heroes and heroines from living history or human imagination, and key recurrent themes in world mythology, including prehistoric wonders, creation myths, the Earth mothers, god and goddesses, warrior leaders, and the underworld and the afterlife. Subsequent chapters, each written by an expert in the field, examine specific mythologies of different cultures, from the Sumerian, Babylonians, and Assyrians to the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans, Indians, Africans, Asians, North and South Americans as well as Australasian and the Oceanic cultures.

Coverage within each chapter include:  Living one's life in the context of a mythology; A family tree of gods and their powers; Historical background to the period; Works of art depicting the deities, heroes, and legends; Epic stories; Location maps.


Grade level 1: Middle
Publication details: Michael McKenzie, Richard Prime, Lisa George, Ray Dunning. New York: Checkmark Books, 2001. 160 pp. w/index.

Nations of the World: Central America

Format: Videocassette
Description: This documentary illustrates the incredible diversity that exists in the isthmus between North and South America, important because of its geographic location. Although dated (produced in 1987), the film bears witness to the upheavals and violence of that decade. Accompanied by a brief Teacher's Guide, with a vocabulary list and activity suggestions.
Publication details: National Geographic Society, Educational Video Presentations, 1987. 25 minutes.

Native Latin American Cultures

Author: Robert Rickering, Series Editor.
Format: Book
Description: This series explores six different aspects of native life in Latin America and encompasses Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America, and South America. Each book is broken down into regions, enabling the reader to examine how geography and natural resources tied the tribes of a particular region together. The regional breakdown also allows readers to see interesting differences between tribes in the same region. With authentic, historical images (color photographs) and accurate, timely information. Set includes: THE ARTS by Rebecca Clay; DAILY CUSTOMS by Victoria Sherrow; EUROPEAN CONQUEST by Eileen Lucas; SPIRITUALITY by Victoria Sherrow; TRADE by Eileen Lucas; and TRIBAL RULES by Terri Willis.
Grade level 1: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Robert Rickering, Series Editor. Rourke Publications, Inc., Vero Beach, FL, 1995. 62pp.

Navidad Latinoamericana / Latin American Christmas

Author: Charito Calvachi
Format: Book
Description:

Navidad Latinoamericana, Latin American Christmas, is a multicultural, bilingual Spanish-English book, with CD, on the Christmas traditions in Latin American countries. The second edition includes the Christmas traditions of 25 Latin American countries, a CD recording of the 12 most popular Christmas carols in both traditional and contemporary styles, the lyrics to all the carols, and the Nine Days of Christmas prayers authored by Marco Vinicio Rueda, SJ. It is a quality 88-page hardback book beautifully illustrated in color with original artwork by the Ecuadorian artist Fernando Reinoso.

It is completely bilingual so that nonSpanish- and Spanish-speaking readers may enjoy it. It is a valuable tool for English-as-a-Second-Language and Spanish language education.

Navidad Latinoamericana, Latin American Christmas was warmly reviewed in last year's 19 December issue of The National Catholic Reporter which included a front cover color reproduction of one of the illustrations from the book.


Grade level 1: Elementary
Publication details: Charito Calvachi. Reading, PA: Reading Eagle Press, 1999. 84 pp. with CD.

Negras in Brazil: Re-envisioning Black Women, Citizenship, and the Politics of Identity.

Author: Kia Lilly Caldwell
Format: Book
Description:

For most of the twentieth century, Brazil was widely regarded as a "racial democracy"-a country untainted by the scourge of racism and prejudice. In recent decades, however, this image has been severely critiqued, with a growing number of studies highlighting persistent and deep-seated patterns of racial discrimination and inequality. Yet, recent work on race and racism has rarely considered gender as part of its analysis.

In Negras in Brazil, Kia Lilly Caldwell examines the life experiences of Afro-Brazilian women whose stories have until now been largely untold. This pathbreaking study analyzes the links between race and gender and broader processes of social, economic, and political exclusion. Drawing on ethnographic research with social movement organizations and thirty-five life history interviews, Caldwell explores the everyday struggles Afro-Brazilian women face in their efforts to achieve equal rights and full citizenship. She also shows how the black women's movement, which has emerged in recent decades, has sought to challenge racial and gender discrimination in Brazil. While proposing a broader view of citizenship that includes domains such as popular culture and the body, Negras in Brazil highlights the continuing relevance of identity politics for members of racially marginalized communities.


Grade level 1: College
Publication details: Kia Lilly Caldwell. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2007. 226 pp. w/index.

Nicaragua

Author: Marion Morrison
Format: Book
Description: Describes the geography, plants, animals, history, economy, culture, and people of Nicaragua. Many color photos. Good background reading.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Marion Morrison, Enchantment of the World Series, Children's Press, 2002. 144 pp.

Nine Queens

Format: DVD
Description: Welcome to a world of suspicion, betrayal, and intrigue, where two small-time grifters team up to pull off a big-time score involving a set of stamps known as the Nine Queens. But when the rules of the con game unexpectedly change, the two crooks find themselves pitted against each other in this taut psychological thriller in which neither the players, nor the audience, know for sure who is playing whom.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: Sony Pictures Classics, 2000. 115 minutes, in Spanish—can be viewed without subtitles or with English or French subtitles. Rated R, for strong language. DVD.

Nomads of the Rainforest

Format: Videocassette
Description: Outside the cities, wanderers carry on the age-old practice of finding food and shelter in nature. A documentary of the ways of life of the Waorani Indians of the Amazonian rainforest of Ecuador.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Contemporary Native Cultures
Publication details: Nova, WGBH Educational Foundation, 1984. 60 minutes.

Nuestro Siglo: La historia de los chilenos en el siglo XX

Format: DVD
Description: In Nuestro Siglo, moving and never seen before images portray the Chilean lifestyle throughout the 20th century. This successful television series is the story of how the great changes and events of this century affected our lives. It is history narrated by the people, based on their own experiences. It is the story of prominent characters who left a mark, as well as the story of ordinary people who witnessed or participated in historical moments that brought along changes for the Chilean nation.
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: National Television of Chile. In Spanish.

Of Rage and Redemption: The Art of Oswaldo Guayasamin

Author: Joseph S. Mella, Carlos A. Juaregui, Edward F. Fischer, eds.
Format: Book
Description:

Guayasamín's work evokes strong emotional responses, dealing with the horrors of war, the injustices of inequality and discrimination, and the rights of women, children, and indigenous peoples. The winner of biennials in Barcelona and São Paulo, recipient of France's Legion of Honor, and recognized by UNESCO with its José Martí Prize, Guayasamín's work reflects his lifelong commitment to peace and social justice. The works chosen for this exhibition speak to issues of war and peace, social conflict, and human compassion, reflecting not only the artist's Latin American roots but also speaking to problems that the world faces today.

"Guayasamín is one of the last crusaders of imaginismo. He is a creator of humanity in its broadest sense, of the living and historical imagination. His universe is sustaining although it threatens us like a cosmic disaster. Think before approaching his painting because it will not be easy to withdraw."
-Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet and Nobel Prize winner for Literature

“He was a man of Latin American conviction and a fighter for democracy. His work reflects his deep commitment to social progress and to people who have been ignored and exploited…His memory will stay with us and will be a permanent encouragement for those who seek a better future for humanity.”
-Rigoberta Menchú, Nobel Peace Prize Winner

Full-color catalog for exhibit of Ecuador's most renowned painter. Accompanied by teacher's resource booklet with lesson plans and supplementary materials.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Nashville, TN: Center for Latin American and Iberian Studies at Vanderbilt University and the Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery, 2008. 99 pp.

Official Story, The

Format: DVD
Description:

Winner of the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language film, The Official Story details the collapse of an affluent Argentine family. The true account of a wealthy woman in Argentina who, after surviving the brutal military dictatorship of the mid-1970's, discovers the child her husband brought to her to be cared for may be one of the 'desaparecidos.'


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Almi Pictures, 1995. 110 minutes, Spanish with English subtitles.

Olhar Estrangeiro

Format: DVD
Country of origin: Brazil
Description:

Fantasies and clichés about Brazil and Brazilians as reinforced by international films, even those actually shot in Brazil. This documentary features interviews with non-Brazilian directors, writers and stars who have been involved in some of those films.

An interesting look at how the film industry reinforces our stereotypes.


Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Europa Filmes, 2007. 70 min. Portuguese, with English subtitles.

Olhar Viajante de Pierre Fatumbi Verger, O

Author: Pierre Verger
Format: Book
Description:

Book of global B&W photos by Pierre Verger.

Pierre Edouard Leopold Verger is born in Paris on November 4 th 1902. From a middle-class upbringing, until his thirties Pierre Verger leads a rather conventional lifestyle, corresponding to his social condition, even if he intimately disagrees with those class values. The year 1932 marks a turning point: he learns photography from his friend Pierre Boucher and discovers his passion for travel. Verger buys his first Rolleiflex camera, and after the death of his mother decides to realise his deepest desire: to become a lonesome traveller. Since the death of his father and two brothers, Verger’s mother had been his sole remaining parent, who he did not want to hurt in choosing an anticonformism and roving lifestyle.

Between December 1932 and August 1946, Pierre Verger travels around the world, making a living exclusively from his photographic art. Negot iating his negatives with newspapers, photo agencies and research institutions, Verger takes pictures for various companies and even exchanges his services for travel tickets. Paris becomes his base, where he receives his friends - including Jacques Prévert’s party and the ethnologists from the Ethnographic Museum in Trocadero square - while making contacts for new trips. He has his work published in the best magazines of the time, but as stardom is not his aim, Verger is always on the brink of a new departure: “The sensation that there was a wide world out there didn’t leave me, and the longing to see it took me towards new horizons”.

Things start to change in 1946, when Verger disembarks in Bahia. While Europe lives the turmoil of the post-war period, Salvador is a haven of tranquillity. Verger is immediately seduced by the hospitality and the cultural wealth of the city, and decides to settle there. As anywhere else in the world, he prefers the company of common people and the simplest places. Black people, omnipresent in Bahia, monopolize his attention. More than mere protagonists of his photographs, they become his friends, whose lives Verger seeks to know about in detail. When discovering candomblé, Verger identifies in it the source of the vitality of the people of Bahia. He then engages in meticulous research on the Orishas and their cult. His interest for religions of African origins allows him to receive a research grant to study their rituals in Africa, for where he departs in 1948.

It is in Africa that Pierre Verger is reborn, receiving in 1953 the name of Fatumbi, which means “one who was reborn for Ifá”. His intimacy with the cult, initiated in Bahia, facilitates his contact with priests and local authorities. Verger ultimately becomes a Babalaô, diviner of Ifá prophecies, consequently accessing the heart of the Yoruba oral traditions. It is at the same time that he starts one more new career as a researcher. Not satisfied with the 2 000 negatives Verger already presented as results of his research, the French Institute of Black Africa (Institut Français d’Afrique Noire / IFAN), directed then by Théodore Monod, requests from Verger a detailed account of the observations he made during his African travels. Whether he likes it or not, Verger has no other choice than to accept and in 1957 he publishes Notes sur le culte des orixás et voduns. In doing so, he unintentionally enters the sphere of scientific research, a universe that will interest him passionately and to which he will remain attached for the rest of his life.

Though he has now a precise direction for his work - the history, customs and religions of Yoruba peoples in West Africa and of their descendants in Bahia - Verger remains a nomad. He becomes a messenger between those two worlds, conveying information, messages, ritual objects and presents. As collaborator and guest researcher for various universities, he discloses his research in lectures, books and articles. In 1960, Verger buys a small house in Salvador, in the Vila América neighbourhood. The late 1970s see him detaching from photography and accomplishing his last research trips in Africa.

In the 1980s, Corrupio publishes Verger’s first books in Brazil. During the last years of his life, his main concern is to make his research available to a wide public and to protect his archives. This leads to the creation in 1988 of the Pierre Verger Foundation, of which he is donor and president, gradually transforming his house into a research centre. Pierre Verger dies on the 11 th of February 1996, leaving the Foundation with the task of carrying on with his work


Publication details: Fundacao Pierre Verger. In Portuguese.

Olhares Nomades

Format: DVD
Country of origin: Brazil
Description:

Este filme foi apresentado nos Museus de Arte Moderna de São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador e no Museu de Arte do Rio Grande do Sul na exposição "O Brasil de Pierre Verger". Encontram-se fotos da cultura popular nordestina: portos, feiras, ambulantes, capoeira, samba, carnaval, blocos afro, circo, frevo, cultos afro-brasileiros, o Recôncavo, o Sertão, o Rio São Francisco.  Além do audiovisual, encontram-se na íntegra, neste DVD, as músicas editadas no filme.

--

Photographer Pierre Verger's images of Brazil.


Grade level 1: All
Publication details: Fundacao Pierre Verger. In Portuguese.

Olmecas, Los

Format: Videocassette
Description: The highly developed Olmec culture, many examples of whose architecture and massive monolithic sculptures still stand today.
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: Films for the Humanities and Sciences, Inc., Princeton, NJ, 1991. In Spanish. 56 minutes.

Olodum: 25 Anos

Format: DVD
Description:

Concert video celebrating 25 years of Olodum, Brazilian percussion ensemble that toured with Paul Simon.


Grade level 1: All
Publication details: TV Globo, 2005. In Portuguese.

Olodum: Pela Vida

Format: Audio CD
Country of origin: Brazil
Description:

Fifteen tracks from Olodum, percussion ensemble from Salvador, Brazil that toured with Paul Simon.


Grade level 1: All

Opossum and the Great Firemaker: A Mexican Legend

Author: Jam Mike
Format: Book
Description: In this trickster tale of cleverness, Opossum outsmarts a creature who is larger and more powerful than herself.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Jam Mike. Troll Associates, 1992. 32 pp.

Orfeu

Author: Directed by Carlos Diegues
Format: Videocassette
Description: Based on the play that inspired Black Orpheus, Orfeu takes place in Carioca Hill, a dangerous slum in Rio de Janeiro. Orfeu, a charismatic and beloved samba musician, leads his school each year in the Carnaval parade, refusing to abandon the slums where he was raised. When Orfeu falls in love with Euridice, an Indian girl visiting her aunt in Carioca Hill, he arouses the jealousy of his fiery mistress, forgotten lovers and childhood friend Lucinho, the community's brooding drug lord. Features the music of one of Brazil's most legendary musicians, Caetano Veloso.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Directed by Carlos Diegues. 1999. New Yorker Video, 2001. 112 minutes. In Portuguese with English subtitles.

Origins of Mexican Civilization, The

Format: Videocassette
Description: The Olmecs, the Zapotecs, and the residents of Teotihuacan established advanced cultures in Mexico long before the advent of the Aztecs. Learn about some of the amazing achievements of these ancient people. Study guide available at Educational Video Network's Web site: http://www.edvidnet.com/Descriptions/601-900/740Orig.html
Grade level 1: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Educational Video Network, Huntsville, TX, 1990. 21 minutes.

Other Side, The (Program 14 from City Life: A Series about Globalization)

Format: Videocassette
Description: Over the last century, hundreds of thousands of Mexicans have crossed the border to the United States in pursuit of permanent jobs and a better life. But in the new millennium, that journey has become increasingly dangerous, and the costs are starting to outweigh the benefits. This program reveals the devastating impact of the Mexican-US migration on the communities that are left behind.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Bullfrog Films, Oley, PA, 2001. Approx. 28 minutes.

Our Disappeared/Nuestros Desaparecidos

Format: DVD
Description:

Through a casual Google search director Juan Mandelbaum finds out that Patricia, a long lost girlfriend from Argentina, is among the thousands who were kidnapped, tortured and then “disappeared” by the military during the 1976-1983 dictatorship. Juan embarks on a journey to find out what happened to her and others he knew who disappeared and re-examines his own choices.

Using rare archival footage he evokes the dreams for a revolution that would transform Argentina. As he shares dramatic stories told by parents, siblings, friends and children of the disappeared, Juan grieves the tragic losses and shows that when brutal regimes attack the fabric of a country with great impunity, the suffering lasts for generations.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Geovision, 2008. 99 min. In Spanish and English, with subtitles.

Our Endangered Planet: Tropical Rain Forests

Author: Cornelia Mutel and Mary Rodgers
Format: Book
Description: Informative book that focuses on conservation. Includes glossary of terms relating to rain forests and conservation. A good source of further information when showing the RAIN FOREST photograph book listed below.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Cornelia Mutel and Mary Rodgers, Lerner Publications, Minneapolis, 1991. 49 pp.

Pan-cinema permanente

Format: DVD
Description:

Documentary about the Bahian poet Waly Salomao, for whom life was a film of fiction and poetry a weapon to unmask pretension. This conviction influenced his friends, including the director of this documentary, who filmed Waly for almost 15 years. But how do you make a documentary about someone who believed that everything is fiction?


Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Carlos Nader. 2008. 83 min. Portuguese, with English subtitles.

Panama Artifacts

Format: Cultural Trunk
Country of origin: Panama
Description: Artifacts from Panama are: molas (reverse applique pictures); wooden carving of a Cuna Indian (those who make the molas); wooden carvings of Choco Indians.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High

Panama Canal

Format: Videocassette
Description: Part of the Modern Marvels series which present the dream-to-reality stories behind the construction of the 20th century's engineering wonders. This video depicts the history of the engineering feat that helped make the U.S. a global power. Good cross-curricular possibilities.
Publication details: A and E Networks, Hearst/ABC/NBC, New York, 1994. 50 minutes.

Panama: Rain Forest Ecosystem (The Jeff Corwin Experience)

Author: Discovery Channel School
Format: DVD
Description: Everyone associates the narrow, unassuming country of Panama with its awesome canal. Jeff explores the isthmus in search of some of the most bizarre, deadly, and muscular animals in the world. DVD includes standards links and teacher's guide.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Discovery School, 2005. 45 min.

Pancho Villa: Outlaw Hero

Format: Videocassette
Description: In the early years of the 20th century, the legend of Robin Hood was alive and well. Pancho Villa— revolutionary, outlaw and legend—embodied the spirit of Robin Hood and stole from the rich in the name of the poor. But was Pancho Villa a benevolent guardian of the poor, or a ruthless murderer whose brutal deeds negated any good intentions he might have had? The answer lies somewhere in between. Shrouded in myth and folklore, Pancho Villa's life is legendary, making it difficult to know what is true and what is romantic lore. Pancho Villa: Outlaw Hero unravels the mystery of Pancho Villa's legend to discover who he really was, and whether he was one of the greatest heroes or greatest murderers of the 20th century. Study guide available via the A and E Web site: [ http://www.aande.com/class/admin/study_guide/archives/aetv_guide.0425.html].
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Key Figures
Publication details: A and E Home Video, 1997. 50 minutes. Part of the A and E Biography series.

Pantanal, The: Understanding and Preserving the World's Largest Wetlands

Author: Frederick A. Swarts, ed.
Format: Book
Description:

This collection of papers and presentations represents the best and most comprehensive material on this vast, endangered region. Many of the world's foremost authorities -from Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, and other nations, and from key international and inter-governmental oraganizations- share their knowledge of the Pantanal and their insights on the socioeconomic challenges confronting this ecological treasure.


Grade level 1: College
Publication details: Frederick A. Swarts, ed. St. Paul, MN: Paragon House, 2000. 301 pp.

Paper Crafts for Day of the Dead

Author: Randel McGee
Format: Book
Description:

Do you want to make your own skeleton pet? Skeletons and skulls are very important to Day of the Dead. Follow storyteller Randel McGee as he explores Day of the Dead in Paper Crafts for Day of the Dead. Learn to make a skull mask, paper marigolds, and even a skeleton candy basket.


Grade level 1: Elementary
Publication details: Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow, 2008. 48 pp.

Passages: An awareness game confronting the plight of refugees

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: A simulation game designed to create a better understanding of the problems of refugees. Game modules including family set-up, escape and separation, temporary shelter, deciding to leave your country, border crossing, and more. Not specific to Latin America, but highlights global concerns.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 1995.

Pavements of Gold (Program 6 from City Life: A Series about Globalization)

Format: Videocassette
Description: Urban poverty is one of the biggest challenges facing the world in the 21st century. In 1950, 300 million people were living in urban areas; by 2001 that figure had increased to 2.85 billion, or almost half the world's population. And the flow of rural migrants arriving in the world's megacities shows no sign of slowing down. Set against the backdrop of Lima, Peru, this program examines the enduring magnetism of big cities and asks whether the migrants who have moved here now feel that city life is the answer to their dreams.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Grade level 3: College
Publication details: Bullfrog Films, Oley, PA, 2001. Approx. 28 minutes.

People and Places of Mexico, The

Author: Dwayne L. Merry, Ph.D.
Format: Videocassette
Description: Two volumes with teacher guides by noted anthropologist/archeologist Dwayne L. Merry. These travelogs cover much cultural and geographical territory.
Publication details: Dwayne L. Merry, Ph.D., Nomad Films, 1996. Vol. 1 runs 38 minutes; Vol. 2 runs 35 minutes.

People and the Planet: Lessons for a Sustainable Future

Author: Ed. Pamela Wasserman
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Combining environmental education and global studies, 30 interdisciplinary activities develop social studies, science, math, and communication skills while helping students understand population dynamics, global and community issues, and the interplay of people, resources, and environment. Example activities: use a big scoop and a small scoop to demonstrate what happens when birth rates exceed death rates; stage a "hunger banquet" in which some students get much less to eat than other students do; and construct a miniature sanitary landfill to expose the limitations of that system of waste management. Includes reproducible student handouts.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Ed. Pamela Wasserman. Washington, DC: Zero Population Growth, Inc., 2004 (2nd ed.).

People of Corn: A Mayan Story

Author: Retold by Mary-Joan Gerson, illustrated by Carla Golemb
Format: Book
Description: Beautifully illustrated version of the Maya creation story found in the Popol Vuh.
Grade level 1: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Retold by Mary-Joan Gerson, illustrated by Carla Golembe. Little Brown and Company (Canada) Limited, 1995. 30 pp.

Peoples World Cultures: Latin America

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Designed to hook students and keep them reading, this text offers an overview of Latin America's geography, history, and diverse peoples. Among the features: goals and review activities for each unit, abundant maps and photographs, boxes for key vocabulary, focus questions, and sidebar stories. In addition, chapters incorporate map study, check-up questions, vocabulary work, critical thinking exercises, and assignments to extend learning. Accompanied by a teacher's guide with activity sheets, chapter tests, and an answer key. Can be accompanied by USING GEOGRAPHY: LATIN AMERICA.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: The Peoples Publishing Group, Inc., 2001. 152 pp.

Peru

Author: Dir. Elmer Hawkes
Format: Videocassette
Description: Follows the Amazon River from Pucalpa to Iquitos, explores the Nazca Lines and the Higland Andean culture as well as the irrepressable capital city of Lima.
Publication details: Worlds Together, 2001. 58 minutes. Dir. Elmer Hawkes.

Peru

Author: Marion Morrison
Format: Book
Description: Describes the geography, plants, animals, history, economy, culture, and people of Peru. Many color photos. Good background reading.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Marion Morrison, Enchantment of the World Series (2nd series), Children's Press, 2000. 144 pp.

Peru

Format: Videocassette
Description: Get to know Peru: Climb on an Andes glacier 10,000 feet above sea level. Eat piranha on an Amazon river trek. Witness the spectacular celebrations of the Inti Raymi sun festival. Trek to the Inca ruins at Machu Picchu. View the mysterious Nazca lines. Lonely Plant videos are full of interesting facts and thrilling, unusual travel experiences. VIEWER WARNING: Sun festival celebration includes graphic footage of the slaughter of a llama, followed by the removal of the animal's entrails.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Travel Videos
Publication details: Lonely Planet, Pilot Productions, Oakland, CA, 1999. 48 minutes.

Peru Reader, The: History, Culture, Politics

Author: Orin Starn, Carlos Ivan Degregori, and Robin Kirk, eds.
Format: Book
Description: Unparalleled in its scope, comprehensive, and written for the traveler and specialist alike. Beginning with extensive historical material on topics ranging from Peru's extraordinary pre-Colombian civilizations, through the Spanish conquest, to colonial and postcolonial rule, it weaves together a vast array of essays, folklore, historical documents, poetry, songs, short stories, autobiographical accounts, and photographs about this largest of the Andean nations. Selections are brief; many are primary sources; good complementary material for a geography or history class. See also THE ARGENTINA READER, THE BRAZIL READER, and THE MEXICO READER.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Orin Starn, Carlos Ivan Degregori, and Robin Kirk, eds. Durham: Duke University Press, 1995. 531 pp w/index.

Peru: A Golden Treasure

Format: Videocassette
Description: Experience the mysterious beauty of Peru. Visit breathtaking Cuzco, where Spanish cathedrals stand atop remnants of ancient sacred temples. Wander through the enormous stone ruins of Sacsayhuaman and the adobe remains of Chan Chan. Admire the opulence of Lima. Soar over the enigmatic Nazca lines. Stop in Iquitos, city of the rubber barons, and journey deep into the Amazon. Finally, discover Machu Picchu, the enchanting lost citadel of the Inca.
Publication details: Video Visits, International Video Network, San Ramon, CA, 1992. 53 minutes.

Peru: Between the Hammer and the Anvil

Format: Videocassette
Description: From 1979 to the early 1990s, a guerrilla war in Peru took a huge toll on the country's economy, and an even greater one on its poorest people. This documentary probes the economic and political roots of the conflict and examines the post-war struggles of Peruvians as they strive to reconstruct their lives.
Publication details: Films for the Humanities and Sciences, Princeton, NJ, 1997. 52 minutes.

Peru: Housing in Cajamarca

Format: Videocassette
Description: Providing newcomers with decent housing is a major problem in developing countries. We see how a typical South American city is trying to both stem migration from surrounding farmland and also use new migrants to build their own homes and develop the city plan. Teacher's Guide printed inside video case.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Changing Cities series. New Dimension Media, 2002. 15 minutes.

Pierre Verger: Messenger Between Two Worlds

Author: Dir. Luiz Buarque de Hollanda
Format: Videocassette
Description: This documentary retraces the adventurous life of Pierre Verger (1902-1996), a French photographer and ethnographer who devoted his life to the study of the reciprocal cultural influences between Bahia, Brazil and African countries like Benin and Nigeria. The originality of his work lies in his demonstration that not only did slaves bring cultural traditions from Africa to Brazil, but former slaves who returned to their native continent brought back Brazilian influences as well.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Latin American Video Archives (LAVA). Synapse, Brazil, 1998. Dir. Luiz Buarque de Hollanda. 90 minutes. Portuguese with English subtitles.

Pinata Maker, The/ El Piñatero

Author: George Ancona
Format: Book
Description: Tells the story of a craftsman in Oaxaca who makes pinatas. Photographs show the process of making these lovely and unusual pinatas.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: George Ancona. Harcourt Brace, New York, 1994. English and Spanish. 36 pp.

Place Called Chiapas, A

Author: Directed by Nettie Wild
Format: Videocassette
Description: In 1997, the Zapatistas, who launched their revolution in southern Mexico on January 1, 1994, are tapped in the Lacandona jungle with their charismatic leader, Subcomandante Marcos, while on-going peace talks do little to assure their nervous cease-fire with the army. Director Nettie Wild travels throughout the jungle canyons of Chiapas to capture the elusive and fragile life of revolution--a life threatened by right-wing, paramilitary death squads. Through eight months of filming, Wild takes the audience with her on a personal journey through fear, hope and illusion, while capturing the beauty and drama of a story that is surreal as it is powerful. WARNING: Scenes of graphic violence.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Directed by Nettie Wild. New Yorker Video, 1998. 92 min. In Spanish with English narration and subtitles.

Polish Contributions to Latin American Culture

Author: Edmund S. Urbanski
Format: Book
Description:

UNITED STATES LITERATURE is enriched with this interesting book on the multi-ethnic and multi-cultural blending of civilizations, so typical in the Western Hemisphere. In this case it refers specifically to Latin America, where Creoles, Mestizos, Amerindians and Negroes lived side by side with European settlers some of whom are from Poland. The title of this book, Polish Contributions to Latin American Culture, describes the strong participation of these Slavic settlers in the civilizational development of Spanish-America. This participation is equally visible in sciences, education, fine arts and technology. Among those praiseworthy deeds, such little known facts that Poles were presidents of universities in Chile, Peru and Honduras, and co-founders of medical schools in Brazil and Uruguay deserve attention. Polish doctors, lawyers, engineers, scientists, farmers, and politicians all contributed. Significant also were 12 exploratory expeditions of a Polish naturalist to Amazonia, described in a voluminous book today considered a basic guide. Of significant value was the participation of Polish scholars in the development of nuclear sciences at the Argentine, Brazilian and Mexican universities; some of them were even appointed to high offices. Even without mentioning other fields, this overview shows the variety of capacities of Poles, displayed in their adopted countries. The book was edited by a noted Polish American scholar, Dr. Edmund Stephen Urbanski, a professional Latinamericanist with over 50 years of experience in Hispanic American affairs. This 300-page work will attract not only scholars and libraries, but also anyone who is seriously interested in hemispheric affairs and their European connection. It is a kind of almanac which also complements our knowledge of the exciting and exotic countries situated between the Mexican Rio Bravo and the Argentine Chilean Tierra del Fuego.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Edmund S. Urbanski. Miami, FL: American Institute of Polish Culture, 1996. 325 pp.

Popol Vuh: A Sacred Book of the Maya

Author: Victor Montejo
Format: Book
Description: A beautifully illustrated collection of Mayan tales of creation and ancestry.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Victor Montejo, illustrated by Luis Garay, Groundwood Books, Toronto, 1999. 85 pp.

Porfirio Diaz: Místico de la autoridad

Author: Enrique Krauze
Format: Book
Description: Biography of the dictator who dominated late 19th century Mexican politics. With extensive historical photographs.
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: Enrique Krauze, Tezontle, Fondo de Cultura Economica,S.A. de C.V., Mexico, D.F., 1987. In Spanish. 157 pp.

Portrait of Argentina

Author: World Affairs Council of Houston
Format: Info-Pak
Description:

Binder produced by World Affairs Council with resources on teaching Argentina: fast facts, profile, key people, timeline; geography and maps; culture; highlights in Argentina's history; the Southern Cone; Argentina's economic recovery; modern Argentina; and additional resources.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: Middle

Portrait of Brazil

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Five lessons include: Introduction to Brazil; History: From Empire to Federation; Domestic Politics; International Relations; Trade; and Comparative Development and Demographic Transition. Binder includes photos and additional activities.
Grade level 1: High
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Passport to the World workshop series, Houston World Affairs Council, 2004. Binder with notes, slides, lesson plans from teacher workshop.

Portrait of Mexico

Author: World Affairs Council of Houston
Format: Info-Pak
Description:

Resources from teacher workshop, produced by World Affairs Council, for teaching Mexico: fast facts & key figures in Mexican history; historical timeline; Mexican culture; indigenous peoples and the arts; Al Otro Lado (film resources); Day of the Dead; modern Mexico; and additional resources.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: Middle

Potato, The: How the Humble Spud Rescued the Western World

Author: Larry Zuckerman
Format: Book
Description: During the 17th and 18th centuries, the potato was berated, feared, and loathed. It was blamed for everything from population explosions to population implosions, not to mention social upheaval and financial despair. Yet now, with the luxury of hindsight, Larry Zuckerman regards the potato as a saving grace for Western civilization, a crop that protected populations from starvation, encouraged self-sufficiency, and improved the lives of ordinary people. The potato's roller-coaster journey from dreary boiled peasant food into the most widely consumed vegetable on the planet is chronicled in this refreshing history lesson. Snippets from journals, newspaper editorials, and government documents make this a convincing and fascinating glimpse of four centuries' worth of a vegetable to which we normally wouldn't give a second thought.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Larry Zuckerman. NY: North Point Press, 1998. 320 pp. including index.

Povo Brasileiro, O

Format: DVD
Description:

The anthropologist Darcy Ribeiro (1913-1997) was one of Brazil's greatest intellectuals of the 20th century. This DVD includes all 10 highly praised programs in the masterwork of Darcy Ribeiro: The Brazilian People, in which the author responds to the question, "who are the Brazilians?", investigating the formation of our people.


Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Versatil Home Video, 2005. 260 min. in 10 episodes. Portuguese, with English subtitles.

Power and Everyday Life: The Lives of Working Women in Nineteenth-Century Brazil

Author: Maria Odila Silva Dias
Format: Book
Description:

This important new work is a study of the everyday lives of the inhabitants of São Paulo in the nineteenth century. Full of vivid detail, the book concentrates on the lives of working women--black, white, Indian, mulatta, free, freed, and slaves, and their struggles to survive. Drawing on official statistics, and on the accounts of travelers and judicial records, the author paints a lively picture of the jobs, both legal and illegal, that were performed by women. Her research leads to some surprising discoveries, including the fact that many women were the main providers for their families and that their work was crucial to the running of several urban industries.


Grade level 1: College
Publication details: Maria Odila Silva Dias. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1995. 221 pp. w/index.

Putumayo Presents: A Native American Odyssey, Inuit to Inca

Format: Audio CD
Description: This compilation features contemporary music from the indigenous peoples of the Americas, and includes artists from the Northwest Territories in Canada to the Andes in Peru and Bolivia. While there are numerous collections featuring the Native music of North America, this is one of the first to bring together indigenous artists from North, Central and South America.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Compact Disc. Putumayo World Music, 1998.

Putumayo Presents: Acoustic Brazil

Format: Audio CD
Description: During carnival in Rio, the streets vibrate with the thunderous beats of the samba schools, their energetic rhythms persuading even the frail to dance. After the parties have ended, though, Brazilians start playing the softer, more introspective music for which they are also renowned. While upbeat rhythms like samba, forro and axe have people dancing in the streets during carnival, Acoustic Brazil focuses on the more delicate Brazilian music that comes to life in the aftermath of the party.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Compact Disc. Putumayo World Music, 2005.

Putumayo Presents: Baila!: A Latin Dance Party

Format: Audio CD
Description: With Baila!, Putumayo showcases purely Latin artists alongside musicians from other regions who have embraced Latin sounds. The party starts in the streets of Havana before hitting the road, making stops in Los Angeles, New York, France, Belgium, Sweden and West Africa.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Compact Disc. Putumayo World Music, 2006.

Putumayo Presents: Brazilian Groove

Format: Audio CD
Description: Samba, bossa nova and popular Brazilian music have been invigorated in recent years as DJs and remixers have blended the best of both worlds. The underground dance and electronica scene is thriving in cities like Rio and Sao Paulo, and DJs around the globe have used the captivating rhythms of Brazil as underpinnings for exotic musical cocktails that have been filling dance floors from L.A. to London. The funky tracks on Brazilian Groove capture the spirit of this exciting musical movement. It is a cutting-edge carnival of remixed bossa nova classics, samba-funk and hip beats from Brazil's new wave.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Compact Disc. Putumayo World Music, 2003.

Putumayo Presents: Brazilian Lounge

Format: Audio CD
Description: It is impossible to deny the influence that Brazil has on today's global culture. From music and film to fashion and dance, Brazil has become one of the world's most important resources of popular art and entertainment. In appreciation of this extraordinary culture, Putumayo World Music has released Brazilian Lounge, a collection featuring the sultry voices and urban grooves of many of Brazil's finest contemporary musicians.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Compact Disc. Putumayo World Music, 2006.

Putumayo Presents: Colombia

Format: Audio CD
Description: Named after a beautiful Colombian river valley, Putumayo returns to its roots with a fun and danceable collection of cumbia, vallenato, porro and salsa. Discover the instantly engaging music of Colombia with this fun, accessible collection of music. The extensive liner notes are in English and Spanish, and the 32-page booklet features artist photos as well as beautiful images of Colombia.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Compact Disc, Putumayo World Music, 2001.

Putumayo Presents: Cuba

Format: Audio CD
Country of origin: Cuba
Description: Most of the songs on this collection are a style called son, (lit. "sound") one of the most popular and influential Cuban musical forms. Son developed around the turn of the century in Oriente, a region in eastern Cuba. The fundamental element of the son is a rhythmic pattern called clave (lit. "key"). It gives son the propulsive swing that has endeared it to people around the world. Most contemporary salsa is based on son.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Compact Disc, Putumayo World Music, 1999.

Putumayo Presents: Festa Brasil

Format: Audio CD
Description: Mostly connected with the music of the state of Bahia and the northeast. One of the things most of the songs on this collection have in common is a strong reggae flavor. Bob Marley and Jamaican reggae has deeply influenced the popular music of Brazil, and its syncopated shuffle turns up in samba, forro, MPB, axe and more. There's even a genre of music, samba-reggae, that seamlessly fuses the two genres and is one of the most popular styles in Brazil. Ska is also immensely popular and some of the biggest-selling bands in recent years have blended samba and ska. In Brazil, the freedom to party is a fundamental human right. We hope Festa Brasil captures some of this spirit and encourages you to explore further the magic of Brazilian music and culture.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Compact Disc, Putumayo World Music, 2000.

Putumayo Presents: French Caribbean

Format: Audio CD
Description: Putumayo takes listeners on a musical cruise of the French Caribbean with a selection of fun, upbeat zouk, compas, twoubadou, biguine and more. With French Caribbean, Putumayo revisits the French Creole islands of Haiti, Guadeloupe and Martinique which have been experiencing a roots revival in recent years. The French Caribbean is a place where music is imbedded in the landscape: whether it is compas or zouk blaring out of storefront speakers or the variety of sounds that enliven carnival celebrations and street festivals. Acoustic traditional styles like Haitian twoubadou and Martiniquean biguine have recently earned a place on trendy dance floors alongside flashier zouk and compas.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Compact Disc. Putumayo World Music, 2003.

Putumayo Presents: Jamaica

Format: Audio CD
Description: Putumayo visits Jamaica, the homeland of reggae music and mythical artists such as Jimmy Cliff, Peter Tosh, Black Uhuru and Toots and the Maytals. With roots in African tradition and influences from American Rhythm and Blues, Motown, soul and other popular music styles, reggae has taken the world by storm with its irresistible beat and powerful messages. Jamaica celebrates the joy of reggae with this collection of classic and new tracks by some of reggae's greatest voices. Jamaica features informative liner notes written by reggae critic Mark Gorney, enhanced with David Corio's artist photographs and pictures of the Jamaican landscape and architecture provided by Lonely Planet.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Compact Disc, Putumayo World Music, 2001.

Putumayo Presents: Latin Playground - English and Spanish Activity Kit

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Featuring fun and educational multicultural activities for children and families. These musical adventures continue Putumayo's commitment to fostering multicultural awareness through music. Includes full-length CD, Sing-a-long lyrics and translations, more than 50 hands-on activities, reproducible pages, "cut, color and paste" artwork and a Children's Passport Journal. Visit Colombia, Mexico, Brazil, Puerto Rico, Ecuador, Cuba, Uruguay, Venezuela and the USA.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: Putumayo World Music, 2002. 62 pp. IN ENGLISH AND SPANISH.

Putumayo Presents: Mexico

Format: Audio CD
Description: From the sones of Veracruz to the boleros of Oaxaca, Mexican music is both upbeat and poignant, and offers listeners a surprising array of traditional and contemporary sounds. The liner notes are in both English and Spanish and feature detailed information on the songs and artists, beautiful photographs of the Mexican landscape and people, and even a recipe for guacamole.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Compact Disc, Putumayo World Music, 2001.

Putumayo Presents: Music from the Chocolate Lands

Format: Audio CD
Description: Music from the Chocolate Lands offers a rich selection of songs from the world's chocolate producing countries. This release includes music from the tropical countries that grow cocoa beans as well as collaborations with musicians from the European regions where chocolate-makers produce some of the world's most appetizing chocolate products.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Compact Disc. Putumayo World Music, 2004.

Putumayo Presents: Republica Dominicana

Format: Audio CD
Description: Putumayo World Music travelled to the often-overlooked Spanish Caribbean country, the Dominican Republic, to discover some of the most beautiful and surprising music we've ever heard. Republica Dominicana features rootsy Dominican son (a cousin of the Cuban version) and traditional merengue, the bouncy Caribbean party music for which the country is best known. The focus, however, is on bachata, a fascinating blend of African percussion, Iberian melodies, and sly, prominent guitar playing that sounds like a mixture of West African soukous, South American harp and Spanish flamenco.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Compact Disc, Putumayo World Music, 2000.

Putumayo Presents: Samba Bossa Nova

Format: Audio CD
Description: An alluring collection of Brazilian music from samba and bossa nova's new wave. The children of the bossa nova generation are now coming of age, and while many originally rebelled against their parents music they are now returning to it to carry the torch of the bossa nova and classic samba style. Some use contemporary instruments like samplers, turntables and computers to add new elements to the classic bossa sound. Others simply seek to excel at the faithful interpretation of the classics. Still others write new material that does not imitate pure samba and bossa nova, but is clearly inspired by it. The result is a "nova bossa nova," a new bossa nova that maintains recognizable links to the jazzy, samba sounds of a generation ago, while propelling the music forward in new and exciting directions.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Compact Disc, Putumayo World Music, 2002.

Putumayo Presents: The Caribbean

Format: Audio CD
Description: Turn on the radio and there's a good chance that you'll find sounds of the Caribbean permeating the airwaves. From reggaeton and dancehall to soca and salsa, its influence is everywhere. Caribbean music is steeped in African traditions, incorporates European and Latin American sounds, and satisfies virtually any listening palate. With the pop charts currently reflecting love for these genres‚ growing appeal, Putumayo World Music's new collection delves into the roots of the music, its present and its future.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Compact Disc. Putumayo World Music, 2006.

Putumayo Presents: Women of Latin America

Format: Audio CD
Description: Exquisite and lyrical music by some of Latin America's greatest female artists. A collection of poignant songs performed by exceptional Latin divas including Mariana Montalvo from Chile, Brazil's Belo Velloso (the niece of Caetano Veloso and Maria Bethania), one of Columbia's best-known artists, Toto La Momposina, Lila Downs, the Mexican-American singer featured in the film Frida,and Susana Baca, the internationally renowned Afro-Peruvian artist.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Compact Disc. Putumayo World Music, 2004.

Quema Judas: A Mexican Folk Tradition

Format: DVD
Description:

Once a common sight at Easter in Mexico, displays of los judas—or large devil figures made of paper—have, like so many other folk customs across Latin America, become increasingly rare. In an attempt to save the ritual from extinction, the city of San Luis Potosi sponsors a yearly competition prompting the creation of a small army of the paper grotesques. This program follows three folk artists as they guide their judas from birth to a fate ordained by centuries of tradition—a cathartic inferno symbolizing the destruction of evil. As with much folk art, the artists come from diverse walks of life and their interpretations of los judas take on many forms, ranging from the simple to the fantastic.


Grade level 1: High
Publication details: Films for the Humanities & Sciences, 2008. 47 min. Spanish, with English subtitles.

Quetzal: Sacred Bird of the Cloud Forest

Author: Dorothy Hinshaw Patent, illustrated by Neil Waldman
Format: Book
Description:

This unusual book looks at the quetzal from many points of view: as the ancient Aztec god Quetzalcoatl (the Plumed Serpent); as a source of valuable feathers throughout Mesoamerican history; as a rain-forest bird of striking beauty and intriguing habits; and as an endangered animal today. Patent begins with an introduction that emphasizes the difficulty of writing simply about a complex subject based on incomplete historical records and archaeological finds that different scholars interpret in various ways. The writing weaves the many strands of myth, lore, art, and natural history into a coherent narrative divided into five informative chapters. Throughout the book, Neil Waldman's softly shaded, colored-pencil drawings illustrate the text and add their own sense of wonder and mystery. A bibliography suggests resources for further reading. Well researched and handsomely presented, this book offers a many-faceted study of the quetzal.


Grade level 1: Elementary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Dorothy Hinshaw Patent. New York: Morrow Junior Books, 1996. 39 pp.

Rain Forest

Author: Barbara Taylor
Format: Book
Description: Look Closer. These stunning photographic information books picture nature in extraordinary close-up and with an intimacy unrivaled by other wildlife books. Each title features magnificently detailed, larger-than-life photographs. Will enthrall any child who has ever wondered how a butterfly wing looks to another butterfly or how a spider sees its own web. Text and annotations give a real sense of where each plant or creature lives, how it eats, breeds, survives, and adapts to its particular habitat. Color artworks show the scale of the animal or plant; a glossary defines the meanings of unfamiliar words.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Barbara Taylor. Photographs by Frank Greenaway. Dorling Kindersley, Inc., 1992. 29 pp.

Rain Forest

Author: Michael George
Format: Book
Description: A book of bright beautiful pictures of the rain forest, with some accompanying explanatory text. A good source of further information is the TROPICAL RAIN FORESTS book listed above.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Michael George, Creative Education, Inc., Mankato, MN, 1992. 40 pp.

Rain Forest

Format: Videocassette
Description: Journey to the dense rain forests of Costa Rica and watch as leaf-cutting ants carry sections of leaves many times their weight to underground fungus gardens; a basilisk lizard walks on water; and howler monkeys bask in the sun. This video is also recommended for those studying the Maya of the rain forest.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: National Geographic Society, 1993. 60 minutes.

Rain Player

Author: Story and pictures by David Wisniewski
Format: Book
Description: An original story about a young ball player in ancient Maya civilization who challenges the traditional belief system.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Story and pictures by David Wisniewski. Clarion Books, New York, 1991. 28 pp.

Raindrop Told Me, A: Galapagos, A Story for Children

Author: Sandra Tapia
Format: Book
Description: A children's book that explains the origin of the Galapagos, as well as Darwin's theory of evolution related to Galapagos animals.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Sandra Tapia. Illustrations by Jorge Luis Moscoso. Quito: Impresora Flores, 2003.

Ready-to-Use Geography Activities for the American Continents

Author: James F. Silver
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: This practical resource gives social studies teachers a stimulating seris of ready-to-use lessons and activities to build students' understanding of the basic geographical features of the entire Western Hemisphere. It includes over 200 student application pages, 170 maps, and scores of graphs, charts, pictures, and tables. Twelve sections include map reading skills, North America and the regions of the US, Canada, Latin America, and other activities.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: James F. Silver. West Nyack, NY: The Center for Applied Research in Education, 1996. 305 pp.

Redeemers: Ideas and Power in Latin America

Author: Enrique Krauze
Format: Book
Description:

In Redeemers, acclaimed historian Enrique Krauze presents the major ideas that have formed the modern Latin American political mind during the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries—and looks closely at how these ideas were expressed in the lives of influential revolutionaries, thinkers, poets, and novelists. Here are the Cuban José Martí; the Argentines Che Guevara and Evita Perón; political thinkers like Mexico’s José Vasconcelos; and the writers José Enrique Rodó, Mario Vargas Llosa, Octavio Paz, and Gabriel García Márquez. Redeemers also highlights Mexico’s Samuel Ruiz and Subcomandante Marcos, as well as Venezuela’s president Hugo Chávez, and their influence on contemporary Latin America.

In his brilliant, deeply researched history, Enrique Krauze uses the range of these extraordinary lives to illuminate the struggle that has defined Latin American history: an ever-precarious balance between the ideal of democracy and the temptation of political messianism.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Enrique Krauze. New York: Harper Perennial, 2011. 538 pp. w/index.

Relief Maps of Mexico, Central and South America

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Six color transparencies of contour and relief maps depicting South America, Mexico, the Mayan Empire, the Inca Empire, Central America, and the Aztec Empire. Directions for using the maps to foster discussion and for creating salt dough relief maps. Maps provide basic introduction to the geography of Mexico and Central and South America, and clearly depict the centers of the ancient civilizations.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Demco, from ROAD TO THE SUN GODS curriculum unit.

Revealing Mexico

Author: Photographs by John Mack; Essay and Interviews by Susanne Steines
Format: Book
Description:

In 2010, Mexico observes two important anniversaries: the bicentennial of its independence from Spain and the centennial of the Mexican Revolution. These two milestones offer the country’s 111 million citizens and 30 million Mexican Americans an unprecedented opportunity to rediscover and celebrate their shared heritage. Revealing Mexico by John Mack and Susanne Steines is an astonishing new photographic portrait of the country.

For a period of eight years, up-and-coming American photographer Mack and writer Steines crisscrossed Mexico photographing its vibrant city and rural life, its stunning architecture, striking landscapes, and captivating people. With roughly 200 images representing all 31 states, from the canyons of Chihuahua to the Myan ruins of Chiapas, from the indigenous communities of Oaxaca to the bustling port towns of the Yucatán, as well as the skyscrapers and thoroughfares of the Federal District, Revealing Mexico offers a poetic vista of Mexico’s landscape today. What’s more, Revealing Mexico also includes portraits of individuals from all walks of Mexican life—luminaries, authors, artists, academics, politicians, fisherman, business titans, street vendors, and farmers among others—many accompanied by their own words about what it is to be Mexican.


Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Photographs by John Mack; Essay and Interviews by Susanne Steines. Brooklyn, NY: PowerHouse Books, 2010. 281 pp.

Revolutionary Mexico (1910–1940)

Format: DVD
Description: Revolutionary Mexico (1910-1940) reveals how various groups, such as nationalists, democrats and socialists, united to overthrow the Diaz dictatorship, triggering a prolonged and violent power struggle for control of Mexico. Through striking archival images, expert commentary and primary documents, students learn that this revolutionary period was characterized by repeated confrontations between rich and poor, peasant and landowner, native peoples and conservative governments—a series of clashes that resulted in social reforms and political changes that have had a lasting impact on Mexican society.
Grade level 1: High
Publication details: World Revolutions for Students series. Schlessinger Media, 2005. 23 minutes. Includes 5-page Teacher's Guide.

Ride around the World

Author: Dir. by Harry Lynch
Format: DVD
Description: Take a wild ride to discover the amazing 1200-year global history of the cowboy. Rope wild bulls on one of the most famous American ranches in history. Swim with horses through the watery Argentine backcountry. Stage an attack on the casbah with Moroccan mounted warriors. Gallop over mountaintops in spectacular British Colombia. Journey horseback through these exotic landscapes and many more...
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Dir. by Harry Lynch. 2006. 40 min.

Rio de Janeiro

Format: Videocassette
Description: Rio de Janeiro is the home of samba, soccer, and the carnival capital of the world. This lively melting pot of Portuguese settlers and African slaves has developed a unique culture and a lifelong obsession for beautiful beaches spread around Guanabara Bay. Visit the Christ the Redeemer statue on Corcovado Mountain, enter Rio's famous temple to soccer, Maracana Stadium, travel beautiful coastal highway 101, revel in carnival street parties and parades. Globe Trekker videos are full of interesting facts and thrilling, unusual travel experiences.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Travel Videos
Publication details: Globe Trekker, Pilot Film and TV Productions, 2002. 50 minutes.

Road to the Sun Gods: Journey to Ancient American Communities

Author: Denise Jess
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: In this comprehensive curriculum unit, detailed lesson overviews, background information, activities, extension exercises, journal prompts, evaluations, diagrams, trivia, and a planning grid linked to NCSS standards immerse students in the history, social structure, economy, beliefs, and practices of the ancient Maya, Aztecs, and Incas. Students are drawn into the historical action with hands-on, multisensory, attention-grabbing activities like running a Mayan market, holding an Aztec trial, and making Incan cloth.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: Denise Jess. Demco Past Ports series, 1999. 247 pp.

Romero

Format: Videocassette
Description: Romero is a compelling and deeply moving look at the life of Archbishop Oscar Romero of El Salvador, who made the ultimate sacrifice in a passionate stand against social injustice and oppression in his country. This film chronicles the transformation of Romero, played by Raul Julia, from an apolitical, complacent priest to a committed leader of the Salvadoran people. He takes a stand—a stand that ultimately leads to his assassination in 1980 at the hands of the military junta.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Key Figures
Publication details: Vidmark Entertainment, 1989. 105 minutes. Rated PG-13.

Roots of Rhythm

Author: With Harry Belafonte
Format: Videocassette
Description: Long before World Music became a record store staple, Americans were singing along to the sweet sounds of Celia Cruz and dancing to the rhythmic beats of Tito Puente. Harry Belafonte hosts this globe-trotting, star-studded celebration tracing the history of the popular sounds we call Latin music, from tribal celebrations in African jungles to Cuba's wild carnivals and New York City's hottest nightspots. This critically acclaimed production highlights an incredible array of dancing and musical performances from world-renowned stars including Gloria Estefan, Tito Puente, Dizzy Gillespie, Desi Arnaz, Celia Cruz, Ruben Blades, Isaac Oviedo, King Sunny Ade and many more.Don't miss this celebration of the explosive sound that has the whole world dancing.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Grade level 3: College
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: With Harry Belafonte. New Video Group, Inc., New York, NY, 1997. 3 videos, 50 minutes each.

Ruta Maya Experience, The: Belize, Yucatan, Guatemala

Format: Videocassette
Description: This Lonely Planet expedition may have special appeal for action-oriented students. Scale an ancient pyramid. Peer into a freshly excavated crypt. Sleep in a hammock on the beach. Scuba dive along a 150-mile long barrier reef. Lonely Plant videos are full of interesting facts and thrilling, unusual travel experiences.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: Travel Videos
Publication details: Lonely Planet, IVN Communications, Inc., San Ramon, CA, 1995. 47 minutes.

Sao Paulo: Sociedade Anonima

Format: DVD
Description:

A Brazilian film classic. Sao Paulo is going through a euphoric development phase caused by the installation of foreign auto factories in Brazil at the end of the 1950s. The movie tells the story of Carlos, who follows the trajectory of many young people of Sao Paulo's middle class. Guiding himself by the immediate opportunities that society offers him, he enters big business. Soon after, he accepts a job at an auto factory, where he is made a manager. Soon enough, he finds himself the head of a family who works a lot, earns a lot, but is dissatisfied. Without anything that satisfies him personally or the philosophical approach to reject his condition, he can only try to escape.


Grade level 1: College
Publication details: 1965. 111 min. Portuguese, with English subtitles.

Saudade do Futuro

Author: Dir. by Cesar Paes
Format: DVD
Description: São Paulo, Brazil. 16 million people. To the rhythm and rhymes of improvised musical poetry—journalists and maids, art gallery directors and cab drivers—immigrants from the Brazilian Northeast carry the beat of this great megalopolis. A documentary without dialogue or narration.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Dir. by Cesar Paes. Laterit Productions, 2003. 90 minutes. In Portuguese with English subtitles.

Scars of Memory (Cicatriz de la Memoria)

Author: Jeffrey Gould and Carlos Henriquez Consalvi
Format: Videocassette
Description: January 22, 1932. An unprecedented peasant uprising erupts in western El Salvador, as a group of Ladino and indigenous peasants cut army supply lines, attack a military garrison, and take control over several towns. Retribution is swift. After three days, the army and militias move in and, in some villages, slaughter all males over age 12. Elsewhere, they summarily execute anyone suspected of having a link to the Communists. Over the next few weeks, 10,000 people are massacred. In SCARS OF MEMORY survivors share their memories, many for the first time.
Grade level 1: College
Publication details: A film by Jeffrey Gould & Carlos Henriquez Consalvi. First Run/Icarus Films, Brooklyn, NY, 2002. 53 min.

School of Assassins

Format: Videocassette
Description: This Academy Award-winning program looks at the U.S. Army School of the Americas, a United States institution that trains Latin American military officers.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Films for the Humanities and Sciences, Princeton, NJ, 1996. 19 minutes.

Search for South America's Most Secret Animal, The

Format: Videocassette
Description: A child's video safari, narrated by children, through the exotic animal kingdom of South America.
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Front Row Entertainment Inc., Edison, NJ, 1994. 30 minutes.

Secrets in Stone: All about Maya Hieroglyphs

Author: Laurie Colter, illustrated by Sarah Jane English
Format: Book
Description:

Until about forty years ago, the ancient Maya hieroglyphics and the world they described remained virtually indecipherable. Now Secrets in Stone takes readers into the world of the ancient Maya code and explains how it was deciphered and what it all means. Not only is this the first book on the subject for children, this book also comes with its very own UV-raised "Glyphmaster," which allows budding archaeologists to create glyph rubbings, just like real archaeologists, Ancient Egyptians hueroglyphics have long captivated the interest of children. Now, inquisitive minds will relish developing their own secret codes and messages with over fifty Maya hieroglyphs.


Grade level 1: Elementary
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: Laurie Coulter. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Co., 2001. 48 pp.

Secrets of Colombian Cooking

Author: Patricia McCausland-Gallo
Format: Book
Description:
Now updated with a new chapter on lighter Colombian fare, this best-selling cookbook shares even more secrets from this beloved cuisine. It includes: 29 new recipes featuring lighter Colombian dishes; over 200 easy-to-follow recipes; an introduction to Colombia's cuisine and regions;a glossary of Colombian foods and ingredients; plus a 16-page colour photo insert, and black-and-white photographs throughout.

Grade level 1: All
Publication details: Patricia McCausland-Gallo. New York: Hippocrene Books, 2012. 283 pp. w/index.

Seeds of Wealth: Four Plants That Made Men Rich

Author: Henry Hobhouse
Format: Book
Description: The four "plants" of the subtitle are timber, wine, rubber, and tobacco. Timber, Hobhouse points out, was important in the history of England and the 13 North American colonies. The colonies supplied timber to the mother country, and it was American timber that aided the development of fishing and whaling, railroads, and wooden houses in new cities such as Chicago. Hobhouse discusses the wealth-creating potential of wine from before the time of Periclean Athens, through the Roman and medieval eras, up to the present. Rubber, the author reminds, has generated wealth for many nations and has largely created three new ones: Singapore, Malaysia, and Indonesia. Tobacco, a plant with a negative contemporary image, had historically profound effects on Anglo-American relations. The cigarette was invented in the 1840s and the cigarette-making machine developed in the 1870s. Hobhouse posits that the greatest beneficiaries in most countries "have been, since about 1920, the tax gatherers." Written in the form of essays, this book lucidly illustrates how these four plants created new industries and changed the course of history.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Henry Hobhouse. Washington, DC: Shoemaker and Hoard, 2003. 255 pgs including index.

Shaman's Apprentice, The: A Tale of the Amazon Rain Forest

Format: Videocassette
Description: In this true story of discovery and hope, a fatal disease comes to the Tirio village in the Amazon, leaving a few villagers with faith in the shaman's healing. When a foreign woman arrives, she helps the village understand the importance of the shaman's wisdom, and this helps a Tirio boy realize his dream. Host LeVar Burton heads to the Amazon Rainforest of Suriname, meets the book's author Mark Plotkin, and spends several days in Tirio village. Accompanied by a brief teacher's guide with topics for discussion, curriculum extension activities, and a supplementary book list.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Contemporary Native Cultures
Publication details: Episode 136 of Reading Rainbow. 2000. 30 minutes.

Sharing the Riches of Afro-Brazilian History and Culture: Undergraduate and Graduate Teaching Syllabi and Handouts

Author: John D. French
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: This publication provides an introduction to the historical trajectory of African-descended people in Brazil. Section I provides sample undergraduate syllabi for an interdisciplinary survey of the Afro-Brazilian experience using various media. The handouts in section II and the collection of maps and statistical tables in section IV work together to lay a foundation of basic knowledge needed by students who are approaching the Brazilian case for the first time. Section III contains a systematic comparative schema designed to illuminate the U.S./Brazilian juxtaposition that stands at the heart of so much of the transnational bewilderment in our teaching here in the United States. And finally, the graduate syllabi in sections V and VI provide clear bibliographical guidance on the development of the English-language interdisciplinary historiography for Brazilian race relations and Afro-Brazilian culture. In addition to familiarizing themselves with seventy years of stimulating scholarly discussion, the reader will also encounter an up-to-the-date point of entry into the remarkable renaissance of literature on race, culture, nation, and power in Brazil during the 1990's. [br /]
Grade level 1: College
Publication details: John D. French. The Consortium in Latin American Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Duke University, African and African-American Studies at Duke University. 168 pages.

Siqueiros: Artist and Warrior

Format: Videocassette
Description: A chornicle of the life and art of David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896-1974), a leader of the Mexican mural movement and the most politically active artist of the movement. A stormy, iconoclastic personality, he was one of the great desperadoes of modern art. A superb film.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: ARTE Multimedia, Mexico, 1998. 59 minutes.

Skeleton at the Feast, The: The Day of the Dead in Mexico

Author: Elizabeth Carmichael and Chloe Sayer
Format: Book
Description:

All over Mexico, early in November, families gather to welcome the souls of the dead on their annual visit home. The smells of burning copal incense and pungent cempasúchil (marigolds) mingle with the aromas of fresh bread, new clothing, sweets, and candles. One of Mexico's most important festivals since prehispanic times, the Day of the Dead is an occasion for celebrating and feasting, cleaning and decorating graves, dancing and making music.

In this unique work, the authors explore both the historic origins of this holiday and its colorful present-day celebrations in Mexico and the United States. Interviews with Mexican artists and crafters who provide goods for the festival--from personalized sugar skulls to gigantic papier-mâché skeletons--offer a fascinating glimpse into traditional and contemporary attitudes toward death and the dead.

Lavishly illustrated with color and black-and-white photographs, The Skeleton at the Feast will be required reading for all who are interested in Mexican culture, art, and folklore.


Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Elizabeth Carmichael and Chloe Sayer. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1991. 160 pp. w/index.

Slave Rebellion in Brazil: The Muslim Uprising of 1835 in Bahia

Author: Joao Jose Reis. Trans. Arthur Brakel
Format: Book
Description: The Muslim slave uprising in Bahia in 1835, though unsuccessful in winning freedom for the rebels, had national repercussions, making it the most important urban slave rebellion in the Americas and the only one in which Islam played a major role. Joao Jose Reis draws on hundreds of police and trial records in which Africans, despite obvious intimidation, spoke out about their cultural, social, economic, religious, and domestic lives in Salvador.
Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: Adult
Publication details: Joao Jose Reis. Trans. Arthur Brakel. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993. 281 pp. w/index.

Sleeping Bread, The

Author: Stefan Czernecki and Timothy Rhodes
Format: Book
Description: A fable set in a Guatemalan village. The illustrations are detailed, bright, and interesting. A lovely book.
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Stefan Czernecki and Timothy Rhodes. Hyperion Books for Children, New York, 1992. 38 pp.

Sobreviventes: Filhos da Guerra de Canudos

Format: DVD
Description:

The history of Canudos is, still today, a taboo since it was a war in which Brazilians fought against Brazilians. In an environment that has been abandoned and forgotten by the powerful of the nation emerged a man names Antonio Conselheiro, preaching union in search of the collective. The war was an inevitable massacre. Survivors expose this history that Brazil tries to hide.


Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Imovision. 76 min. Portuguese, with English subtitles.

Soneros de Verdad: Sounds of Cuba

Format: DVD
Description: Soneros de Verdad is a full-length live performance featuring the stars of the Buena Vista Social Club including Pio Leiva, Guillermo Rubalcaba and Julio Fernandez that blends traditional Spanish sounds with fiery Afro-Cuban rhythms. Songs include: Chan Chan, Francisco Guayabal, Danzon y Son (instrumental), A Buena Vista Barrio de la Habana, Instrumental y Bolero, Pena me da, El Cuarto de Tula.
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Standing Room Only Entertainment, 2005. 60 minutes.

Song of La Selva: A Story of a Costa Rican Rain Forest

Author: Joan Banks
Format: Book
Description: This book for readers aged 4-8 years-old is a lush and accurate introduction to the world of rainforests as seen by a pretty strawberry poison dart frog.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Joan Banks. Illustrated by Higgins Bond. Norwalk, CT: Soundprints, 1998. 27 pp.

Sounds of Brazil

Author: Joan L. Zaretti
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: These materials are designed to provide teachers with an opportunity to integrate music from Brazil into their existing curricula. Themes include identity, national, and conflict and change in Brazilian music. An excellent resource on Brazil and Brazilian music.
Grade level 1: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Joan L. Zaretti. The Weill Music Institute at Carnegie Hall, Global Encounters series. New York: Carnegie Hall, 2003-2004. 94 pp. plus CD.

South America

Author: Mary Virginia Fox
Format: Book
Description: Basic information on the location, weather, geography, flora and fauna, languages, cities and rural areas, and famous places of South America. Lots of color photos and maps.
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Mary Virginia Fox. Heinemann Library, Chicago, 2001. 32 pp.

South America

Format: Videocassette
Description: A good, brief introduction to the various regions of South America—their physical geography, peoples, history, ways of living, and resources. Somewhat dated (e.g., references to outgoing dictatorships) but worthwhile viewing. Titles include: THE ANDEAN REGION, BRAZIL AND THE NORTHERN COUNTRIES, and THE SOUTHERN PLAINS.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: A 3-part series produced by Encyclopaedia Britannica Educational Corporation, 1992. 21 minutes each.

South America Geography Unit

Author: Jo Ellen Moore
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: A booklet of map skills, overview of plants, animals and people, and two-sided poster and reproducible pages. A good introduction to South America.
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Jo Ellen Moore, Evan-Moore Corp., Monterey, CA, 1992. 16 pp.

South America: Using Primary Sources and the Internet

Author: Betsy Hedberg
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Five lessons, each consisting of two parts: a teacher's page and a student handout/worksheet. The majority of questions in these activities are open-ended and require students to reflect on what they see and read on the Web sites. Topics include Chile's geographic diversity; Iguazu Falls; the Pantanal in Brazil; the land of the Inca, and ecotourism in the Galapagos.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Betsy Hedberg. Regions of the World Internet-Based Activities series. Culver City, CA: Social Studies School Service, 2003. 42 pp.

South and Central America

Format: Videocassette
Description: After a pictorial tour of highlights of Latin America's extraordinary diversity, this geographic overview displays a physical map of the entirety of South and Central America, then one by one illustrates the location of each country. Next it discusses in turn the major geographical regions—Andes, western coastal plain, Amazon basin, Pampas, and the Patagonian steppes. Part 2 discusses climates and environments, and gives an overview of cultural geography from the early native civilizations, the flourishing of the Maya and Inca, and the cultures resulting from European conquest. The Teacher's Guide includes (or links online to) the script, notes, and activities.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: United Learning, Evanston, IL, 1998. 37 minutes.

Southern Mexico

Format: Videocassette
Description: Mexico offer a rich diversity of cultures, landscapes, arts and cuisine. Learn how to spin a lasso, taste traditional mole (a spicy Mexican sauce with chocolate and chili peppers), marvel at the world-famous cliff divers of Acapulco, gaze at the Mayan ruins of Palenque, and swim in the Agua Azul waterfalls. Globe Trekker videos are full of interesting facts and thrilling, unusual travel experiences.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Travel Videos
Publication details: Globe Trekker, Pilot Film and TV Productions, 2002. 50 minutes.

Spirit Child: A Story of the Nativity

Author: Translated from the Aztec by John Bierhorst, illustrated by Barbara Cooney
Format: Book
Country of origin: Mexico
Description: The story of the spirit child was composed by the missionary Fray Bernardino de Sahagun in the mid-1500s, and was recited by Aztec chanters to the accompaniment of drums. The basic story comes from the Christian Bible, but elements of medieval legends and Aztec lore also come into play. Illustrations throughout the book reflect Aztec culture.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Translated from the Aztec by John Bierhorst, illustrated by Barbara Cooney. William Morrow and Company, New York, 1984. 26 pp.

Spirit of Tio Fernando, The: A Day of the Dead Story/El espíritu de tío Fernando: Una historia del Día de los Muertos

Author: Janice Levy, illustrated by Morella Fuenmayor
Format: Book
Description: As a young boy prepares for Day of the Dead, he remembers all of the things he liked about his favorite uncle. Describes the preparation and celebration for the Day of the Dead. A simple way to present the holiday, in a very personal manner, to children.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Janice Levy, illustrated by Morella Fuenmayor. Albert Whitman and Co., Morton Grove, IL, 1995. BILINGUAL BOOK.

SpokFrevo Orquestra: Passo de Anjo ao Vivo

Format: DVD
Description:

Concert footage of Brazilian big band, SpokFrevo, which focuses on traditional frevo music from Northern Brazil. The music is traditional, but the big band atmosphere is not--frevo is usually played on the street during Carnaval.


Grade level 1: All
Publication details: 2007. 60 min. Portuguese, with English subtitles.

Sports and Diplomacy in the Global Arena

Format: Multimedia Instruction Kit
Description: Explores the relationship between sports and diplomacy throughout history. The video begins with the creation of the Olympics in ancient Greece and continues through the present day. The packages includes the video script, a timeline, glossary, lessons and extension activities, Web site links, and other support materials. Cuba and baseball form one of the activities.
Grade level 1: High
Publication details: US Department of State, Bureau of Public Affairs, 2005. 88 pp. book with reproducible activities and DVD.

State of Fear: The Truth about Terrorism

Format: DVD
Description:

How can an open society balance demands for security with democracy? State of Fear dramatizes the human and societal costs a democracy faces when it embarks on a war against terror, a war potentially without end, all too easily exploited by unscrupulous leaders seeking personal political gain. Based on the groundbreaking revelations of the Peruvian Truth & Reconciliation Commission, it serves as a cautionary tale for all nations.

Filmmakers Pamela Yates, Paco de Onís and Peter Kinoy masterfully blend personal testimony, history and archival footage to tell the story of escalating violence in the Andean nation and how fear of terrorism was used to undermine democracy, making Peru a virtual dictatorship where official corruption replaced the rule of law. Terrorist attacks by Shining Path guerrillas provoked a military occupation of the countryside. Military justice replaced civil authority, widespread abuses by the Peruvian army went unpunished, and terrorism continued to spread. Nearly 70,000 civilians eventually died at the hands of the Shining Path and the Peruvian military.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: New Day Films, 2005. 94 min.

Stealing Home: The Case of Contemporary Cuban Baseball

Format: Videocassette
Description: This documentary explores Cuban baseball at the beginning of a new century—as a country struggles to preserve not only a dated revolution but also an important symbol of its viability. Against the backdrop of the 38th Cuban National Championship Series, Stealing Home examines the tension between players that have left Cuba in search of freedom and multimillion dollar contracts and the government that invests heavily in their training with the expectation that they will play for the Cuban National League. The documentary ultimately probes a compelling sociopolitical conflict that is fundamental to any political ideology—the interests of the individual versus those of the society at large.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Dugout Production, New York, NY, 2001. 56 minutes.

Story of Corn, The

Author: Betty Fussell
Format: Book
Description:

The Story of Corn is a unique compendium, drawing upon history and mythology, science and art, anecdote and image, personal narrative and epic to tell the extraordinary story of the grain that built the New World. Corn transformed the way the entire world eats, providing a hardy, inexpensive alternative to rice or wheat and cheap fodder for livestock and finding its way into everything from explosives to embalming fluid.

Betty Fussell has given us a true American saga, interweaving the histories of the indigenous peoples who first cultivated the grain and the European conquerors who appropriated and propagated it around the globe. She explores corn's roles as food, fetish, crop, and commodity to those who have planted, consumed, worshiped, processed, and profited from it for seven centuries.


Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Betty Fussell. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1992. 356 pp. w/index.

Sweet 15

Format: Videocassette
Description: Acclaimed PBS family drama. About a Mexican-American girl's disappointment that her father canceled her quinceanera, the traditional 15th birthday celebration that symbolically ushers a young Mexican girl into adulthood.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: WonderWorks Ltd., BWE Video, Salt Lake City, UT, 1989. 120 minutes.

Sylvia and Aki

Author: Winifred Conkling
Format: Book
Description:

Sylvia never expected to be at the center of a landmark legal battle; all she wanted was to enroll in school. Aki never expected to be relocated to a Japanese internment camp in the Arizona desert; all she wanted was to stay on her family farm and finish the school year. The two girls certainly never expected to know each other, until their lives intersected in Southern California during a time when their country changed forever.
 
Here is the remarkable story based on true events of Sylvia Mendez and Aki Munemitsu, two ordinary girls living in extraordinary times. When Sylvia and her brothers are not allowed to register at the same school Aki attended and are instead sent to a “Mexican” school, the stage is set for Sylvia’s father to challenge in court the separation of races in California’s schools. Ultimately, Mendez vs. Westminster School District led to the desegregation of California schools and helped build the case that would end school segregation nationally.
 
Through extensive interviews with Sylvia and Aki—still good friends to this day—Winifred Conkling brings to life two stories of persistent courage in the face of tremendous odds.


Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: Elementary
Publication details: Winifred Conkling. Berkeley: Tricycle Press, 2011. 151 pp.

Take, The

Format: DVD
Description: In the wake of Argentina's spectacular economic collapse, Latin America's most prosperous middle class finds itself in a ghost town of abandoned factories and mass unemployment. Thirty unemployed auto-parts workers walk into their idle factory in Buenos Aires, roll out sleepin mats, and refuse to leave. All they want is to re-start the silent machines. But this simple act has the power to turn the globalization debate on its head. With THE TAKE, director Avi Lewis, one of Canada's most outspoken journalists, and writer Naomi Klein champion a radical economic manifesto for the 21st century. But what shines through in the film is the simple drama of workers lives and their struggles: the demand for dignity and the searing injustice of dignity denied.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Economics
Publication details: First Run/Icarus Films, 2004. 87 minutes plus bonus features. In English and Spanish with English or Spanish subtitles.

Tango

Format: Videocassette
Description: Flamboyant. Colorful . Sensual. Set against the backdrop of a director's passionate affair with his art and the beautiful young woman who captures his heart, Tango is a "mesmerizing experience, a smoky lush blend of muted light and color, of intoxicating dance and the richest tango music you could ever imagine" (Kevin Thomas, Los Angeles Times). 1998 Academy Award Nominee for Best Foreign Language Film.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Columbia TriStar Home Video, 1999. 115 minutes. Spanish with English subtitles. Rated PG-13.

Teaching International Relations: Bringing the World to Your Classroom

Author: Barb Superka and Rebecca Parnell
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: The lessons and activities contained in this curriculum are designed to introduce some of the basic themes of international relations and to lay the conceptual groundwork for analyzing some of the issues that are affecting the world today. Lesson topics include global awareness, international relations vocabulary, analyzing a global issue, defining nation states, defining national interest, foreign policy and foreign policy tools, defining the international system, actors in the international system, the United Nations system, introduction to international law, international trade, imbalances in wealth, economic aid, and human rights. While the unit does not directly address Latin America, topics touch on issues of interest in the region.
Grade level 1: High
Publication details: Barb Superka and Rebecca Parnell. Denver: Center for Teaching International Relations, University of Denver, 2002. 196 pp.

Teaching Music Globally: Experiencing Music, Expressing Culture

Author: Patricia Shehan Campbell
Format: Book
Description: Developed in conjunction with THINKING MUSICALLY(also available for loan) and the culture case studies in the Global Music Series, Teaching Music Globally provides teachers and students of music education with ideas and techniques for engaging their students in the study of the world's musical cultures. Offering a large selection of exercises and activities of varying difficulty, this text is a guide for teachers of elementary through university level students--in band, choir, general music, orchestra, and any other school music classes—who seek to establish a comprehensive musical understanding for students living in a global era.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Patricia Shehan Campbell. Global Music Series. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. 258 pp. w/index.

Texas-Mexican Cancionero, A: Folksongs of the Lower Border

Author: Americo Paredes.
Format: Book
Description: The folksongs of Texas's Mexican population pulsate with the lives of folk heroes, gringos, smugglers, generals, jailbirds, and beautiful women. In his cancionero, or songbook, Americo Paredes presents sixty-six of these songs in bilingual text‚along with their music, notes on tempo and performance, and discography.
Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: Adult
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Americo Paredes. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1976. 194 pp. w/index.

The Art and Ritual of Bahian Candomblé: From the Inside to the Outside

Author: Mikelle Smith Omari
Format: Book
Description: A basic background of Candomble, an Afro-Brazilian religion. Focuses on the megacosm and microcosm of Candomble, sacred space, liturgical vestments, gods, and rituals.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Mikelle Smith Omari. Los Angeles: UCLA Museum of Cultural History, 1984. Monograph Series, #24. 61 pp. with illustrations.

Thinking Musically: Experiencing Music, Expressing Culture

Author: Bonnie C. Wade
Format: Book
Description: Designed for undergraduates and general readers with little or no background in music, this book incorporates music from many diverse cultures—including the Americas, Asia, Africa, Oceania, and Europe—and establishes the framework for exploring the practice of music around the world. THINKING MUSICALLY discusses the importance of musical instruments, describing their significance in a culture's folklore, religion, and history. It explores fundamental elements of music--including rhythm, pitch in melodic and harmonic relationships, and form--and examines how they vary in different musical traditions. The text considers the effects of cultural influences such as gender and ethnicity on the perception, interpretation, and performance of music. It also looks at how the forces of nationalism, acculturation, and westernization can affect musical traditions. THINKING MUSICALLY includes activities designed to build critical listening and individual study skills and is packaged with an 80-minute CD that features selections from a wide variety of musical cultures.
Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: Adult
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Book with CD. Bonnie C. Wade. Global Music Series. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. 180 pp. w/index.

Threads of Hope

Format: Videocassette
Description: This program tells the powerful story of a group of women who banded together and dared to defy the brutal dictatorship of Chile's Gen. Augusto Pinochet. The women—mothers, wives, and sisters of tens of thousands of victims of the regime's torture and execution—armed only with scraps of cloth, sewing needles and the overwhelming desire to find their loved ones, set to work to tell their stories by creating arpilleras, colorful handmade tapestries which chronicled the horror and injustice of Pinochet's reign of terror.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Films for the Humanities and Sciences, Princeton, NJ, 1996. 51 minutes.

Timbalada: Servico de Animacao Popular

Format: Audio CD
Description:

Eleven tracks from renowned music group, Timbalada, from Salvador, Brazil.


Grade level 1: All

To Be a Slave in Brazil: 1550-1888

Author: Katia M. de Queiros Mattoso. Trans. Arthur Goldhammer
Format: Book
Description: In this study originally published in French (1979), Mattoso consciously adopts the standpoint of the slaves to rescue them from collective anonymity and to emphasize their importance as individuals and members of viable communities. She traces their psychological trajectory from depersonalization and loss of individuality, through adaptation, to the achievement of a degree of self-respect and control over their destiny. "Excellent combination of quantitative and qualitative materials, skillful use of archival and published sources."-Choice
Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: Adult
Publication details: Katia M. de Queiros Mattoso. Trans. Arthur Goldhammer. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1986. 250 pp. w/index.

Tocar y Luchar

Format: DVD
Country of origin: Colombia
Description:

To Play and To Fight presents the captivating story of the Venezuelan Youth Orchestra System - an incredible network of hundreds of orchestras formed within most of Venezuela’s towns and villages. Once a modest program designed to expose rural children to the wonders of music, the system has become one of the most important and beautiful social phenomena in modern history. The documentary portrays the inspirational stories of world class musicians trained by the Venezuelan system, including the Berlin Philharmonic’s youngest player Edicson Ruiz and world renowned conductor Gustavo Dudamel. With interviews with many of the world’s most celebrated musicians including the great tenor Placido Domingo, Claudio Abbado, Sir Simon Rattle, Guiseppe Sinopoli, and Eduardo Mata, To Play and To Fight is an inspirational story of courage, determination, ambition, and love showing us that… only those who dream can achieve the impossible.


Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Fesnojiv, 2006. 70 min.

Together Against Violence (Program 4 from City Life: A Series about Globalization)

Format: Videocassette
Description: Bennetlands is a ghetto community in the heart of Kingston, Jamaica—home to 5,000 people, more than 2,000 of whom are unemployed. Bennetlands was once a peaceful place with its primary school, two churches, and the S-Corner Clinic, which provided health care, support, and education for high schools dropouts. But in the 1980s rival gangs began a vicious war over Bennetlands' one main street, terrorizing the neighborhood. When one of the gang leaders was shot outside the S-Corner Clinic, the community decided to take a stand.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Bullfrog Films, Oley, PA, 2001. Approx. 28 minutes.

Toma, La

Format: DVD
Description:

The people of La Toma, Colombia face displacement, death threats and the extinction to their way of life because of the rich gold deposits they live on. A young woman is determined to save her community, her future and the future of her children. She takes on her own government, the military militia that is threatening to kill her and one of the worlds largest corporations demanding that her human rights be respected.


Publication details: Rola Productions, 2010.

Tomatoes, Potatoes, Corn, and Beans; How the Foods of the Americas Changed Eating around the World

Author: Sylvia A. Johnson
Format: Book
Description: Describes many food native to the Americas, including corn, peppers, peanuts, and chocolate, that were taken to Europe and used in new ways around the world. An engaging book.
Grade level 1: Middle
Publication details: Sylvia A. Johnson, Simon and Schuster, New York, 1997. 138 pp.

Tonight Is Carnaval

Author: Arthur Dorros
Format: Book
Description: Story illustrated with photographs of lovely arpilleras (wall hangings of fabric that tell a story) created by the Club de Madres Virgen del Carmen of Lima, Peru.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Holidays and Celebrations
Publication details: Arthur Dorros. Puffin Unicorn Books, Penguin Books, USA Inc., New York, 1991. 24 pp.

Tour of a Mexican Food Store, A

Format: Videocassette
Description: A brief introduction to typical Mexican foods through a visit to an ethnic food store. Basic information provided, as well as visuals of common fruits, vegetables, spices, and dishes. Brief, but good introduction to Mexican foods. Short segments are followed by questions that review the material covered.
Grade level 1: Middle
Publication details: Learning Zone Xpress. 12 minutes.

Trabalho e trabalhadores no Brasil [Labor and Workers in Brazil]

Format: Book
Description: Catalog with pictures and bilingual texts from a "Labor and Workers in Brazil." Includes reflections on Building a Country, Worlds of Labor, and Labor and Citizenship, with approximately 150 photographs from over 120 years. Excellent images for discussing the world of work in Brazil.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Centro de Pesquisa e Documentacao de Historia Contemporanea do Brasil, 2006.

Trav's Travels: Mexico

Format: Videocassette
Description: Travel back in time to the ancient civilizations of the Mayans and the Aztecs, celebrate the Day of the Dead in Oaxaca. From the contrasting terrains of the Sonoran desert to the astonishing wildlife of the Yucatan Jungle, animated figure Trav introduces you to the geography of Mexico.
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Geography for Kids, IVN Entertainment, London, 1997. 20 minutes.

Travelers: Caracas, Venezuela

Format: Videocassette
Country of origin: Venezuela
Description: The travelers explore the city of Caracas, birthplace of Simon Bolivar, which is both a traditional and a cosmopolitan city. A lively, brief introduction to Caracas and to elements of Venezuelan society. Includes discussion of food, dance, and history. Accompanied by teacher's guide, with discussion questions, a lesson plan, and NCSS standards alignment.
Grade level 1: Middle
Theme: Travel Videos
Publication details: Discovery Channel Education, 2002. 26 minutes.

Travelers: Mexico and Belize

Format: Videocassette
Description: The travelers take part in Day of the Dead in Mexico and the Cashew Festival in Belize. A lively, brief introduction to these events and the cultures that celebrate them. Accompanied by teacher's guide, with discussion questions, a lesson plan, and NCSS standards alignment.
Grade level 1: Middle
Publication details: Discovery Channel Education, 2001. 26 minutes.

Tren Inca, El: A Journey on the Inca Railroad

Format: DVD
Description:

The colorful journey on the locomotive, El Tren Inca, travels through some of the most rugged mountain terrain in the world and provides a fascinating insight into the long-forgotten traditional culture of the Incas. The first day's journey begins in the town of Puno, travels along Lake Titicaca and proceeds to Cuzco, capital of the Inca kingdom. Cuzco's main square was built on the foundations of old Inca palaces and its unique churches and fountains are reminiscent of a typical Spanish town. On the following day, the final destination, Machu Picchu. A curtain of mist and mystique surrounds the lost city, its ruins being located high up in the Andes on an almost unreachable mountain slope.


Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Travel Video Store.com. 26 min.

Tribalistas

Format: DVD
Description: Marisa Monte/ Carlinhos Brown/ Arnaldo Antunes. This DVD release captures the making of this celebrated album. The Tribalistas CD is a massive hit in Brazil and has been joyously received by the American press. This DVD presents all 12 tracks from the album performed in their entirety plus rehearsal footage and behind-the-scenes insights. Over an hour of music and footage. Tribalistas receive Latin Grammy Award nominations in multiple categories, including nominations in the top 2 categories: Record of the Year and Album of the Year.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Monte Criacao e Producao Ltda, 2002.

Tribus Futuras: Sueño Profundo

Author: Luis and Susan Alban
Format: Other
Description: The magic of the Andean highlands is reflected in each note of their quenas, zamponas, charangos, and bombos as a tribute to their Andean heritage. Tribus Futuras performs extensively in the Chicago area for adult and children audiences.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Luis and Susan Alban, 1999. Recorded in Ecuador.

Tropical Kingdom of Belize

Format: Videocassette
Description: From the Mayan mountains to the coastal lagoons, this tour of the Central American country of Belize reveals a diverse terrain and such fascinating creatures as Rufus tail hummingbirds, anteaters, manatees, owl butterflies, margays, and many exotic insects, flowers, reptiles, and monkeys.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: National Geographic, 1986. 60 minutes.

True History of Chocolate, The

Author: Sophie D. Coe and Michel D. Coe. London
Format: Book
Description: This delightful tale of one of the world's favorite foods draws upon botany, archaeology, socio-economics, and culinary history to present a complete and accurate history of chocolate. The story begins some three thousand years ago in the jungles of lowland Mexico and Central America with the tree Theobroma cacao and the complex processes necessary to transform its bitter seeds into what is now known as chocolate. This was centuries before chocolate was consumed in generally unsweetened liquid form and used as currency by the sophisticated Maya, and the Aztecs after them. The Spanish conquest of Central America introduced chocolate to Europe, where it became first the stimulating drink of kings and aristocrats and then was popularized in coffeehouses. Industrialization in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries made chocolate a food for the masses, its revival in our own time as a luxury item.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Economics
Publication details: Sophie D. Coe and Michel D. Coe. London: Thames and Hudson, 1996. 280 pp. w/index.

Two Mountains, The: An Aztec Legend

Author: Retold by Eric A. Kimmel
Format: Book
Description: Two married gods disobey their orders and visit Earth, are turned into mortals as punishment, and eventually become mountains so that they will always stand side by side. Reminiscent of the story of Adam and Eve.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Retold by Eric A. Kimmel. Illustrated by Leonard Everett Fisher. Holiday House, NY, 2000.

U.S. in Latin America, The: Yankee Go Home: 20th Century with Mike Wallace

Format: Videocassette
Description: A review of America's propensity to intervene militarily in Latin American countries points out that American presidents have thus far brandished the "Big Stick" 34 times, then uses news footage to focus on the three most recent interventions: Ronald Reagan's invasion of Grenada, George Bush's invasion of Panama, and Bill Clinton's invasion of Haiti. In each case, reporters summarize what led up to the invasion, and they detail both justifications and criticisms (with the emphasis on criticisms) of the administration's actions.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: CBS Inc., 1997. 50 minutes.

U.S.-Mexican War, 1846-1848

Format: Videocassette
Description: The documentary tells the dramatic story of a war in which Mexico lost almost half of its national territory to the United States. This critically-acclaimed documentary series explores the event surround the conflict between two neighboring nations struggling for land, power and identity. Part One illustrates the tensions (rapid U.S. expansion, the separation of Texas from Mexico) that lead to the breakout of war, in 1846. Part Two chronicles Santa Anna's role in the war as well as the dramatic final battle and subsequent treaty.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: PBS Home Vide, 1998. Approx. 4 hours on 2 tapes.

Uncomfortable Dead, The

Author: Subcomandante Marcos, Paco Ignacio Taibo II
Format: Book
Description:

Mexican crime writer Taibo and a real-life spokesperson for the Zapatista movement, Subcomandante Marcos, provide alternating chapters for this postmodern comedic mystery about good, evil and modern revolutionary politics. Elías Contreras, a detective for the Zapatista National Liberation Army (and Marcos's creation), heads to Mexico City to investigate the case of a nefarious government-backed murderer named Morales. Taibo brings back one-eyed Mexico City detective Héctor Belascoarán Shayne (Return to the Same City, etc.), who becomes involved in the case when he learns of strange telephone messages about this same Morales. Taibo's expertise ensures a smart, funny book, and Marcos brings a wry sense of humor. The authors mix mystery with metafiction: characters operate from beyond the grave or chat about the roles they play in the novel, and Marcos writes his fictional self into the story. Literary readers will nod and smile knowingly, though serious mystery devotees who prefer more grounded noir might be mildly annoyed by the hijinks.


Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Subcomandante Marcos and Paco Ignacio Taibo II. New York: Akashic Books, 2006. 300 pp.

Understanding Contemporary Latin America

Author: Richard S. Hillman, ed.
Format: Book
Description: Treats the crucial issues facing this vital region in the advent of the twenty-first century. Designed as a core text for "Introduction to Latin America" courses, it can also be used effectively as a supplemental reader in a wide-variety of discipline-oriented curriculums. The authors provide up-to-date, thorough analyses not only of history, politics, and economics, but also of class and ethnicity, the role of women, religious beliefs, education and cultural expression, and the environment.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Richard S. Hillman, ed. 2nd edition. Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder, CO, 2001. 400 pp.

Universo: Viaje por el Cosmos

Format: CD-ROM
Description: Thirty two-minute recordings of Universo, a Spanish-language radio travelguide to the stars. In addition to talking about stars and distant galaxies, it recounts the astronomy and skylore of Mesoamerica. In non-technical language, to appeal to a broad audience. CD contains one month of Universo programming.
Publication details: University of Texas at Austin, McDonald Observatory, 1997. Approx. 60 minutes.

Uprooted

Format: DVD
Description:

Directed by LLILAS alum, Juan Mejia Botero.

At the center of “Uprooted” is Noris, a mother and community leader displaced in 1996. Conflict between armed actors over one of her sons, resulted in harassment and intimidation. When harassment turned to death threats, Noris gathered her children and fled. She now lives in the refugee shelter of Villa España on the outskirts of Quibdó, a growing city in the Pacific Coast. Noris’ son, Jhojan, dreams of leaving the refugee shelter for a burgeoning soccer academy in the capital city of Bogotá, and Noris will do all she can to make his dream a reality. Noris strains to make it day by day—her only income the sale of cheese-sticks she makes early each morning. We bear witness to her anguish as she tries to come up with the money for Jhojan’s bus ticket while supporting her family, including her youngest son Roberto, who is deaf-mute, yet dreams of attending school. Noris’s captivating story lends a human face to what is an often invisibilized and dehumanized population. 'The displaced' are portrayed as an uncomfortable consequence of the civil war, and a drain on resources. “Uprooted” acts as a counter-narrative to humanize internal refugees in Colombia, and across the world. Above all else, this documentary is an intimate portrayal of the tragedy of uprooting; a beautifully detailed tale about struggle and resilience; a bittersweet story of loss, love, family, and dreams.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Juan Mejia, 2007. 44 min.

Using Geography: Latin America

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: A supplement that helps students become geographically informed and correlated to the National Geography Standards. Includes 20 map-based lessons relating to Latin America culture and geography. Reproducible worksheets. Accompanies PEOPLES WORLD CULTURES: LATIN AMERICA.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: The Peoples Publishing Group, Inc., 2000. 43 pp.

Venezuela

Format: Book
Description: Describes the geography, plants, animals, history, economy, culture, and people of Venezuela. Many color photos. Good background reading.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Enchantment of the World Second Series, Children's Press, 2003. 144 pp.

Venezuela

Format: DVD
Description:

Venezuela with its 43 national parks and 21 national monuments is a South American treasure house of biodiversity.After savoring cosmopolitan Caracas, we explore six Venezuelan regions each noted for its unique environment.Join us as we visit these extraordinary sights: Henri Pittier National Park, extending from the cloud forest of the Andean foothills to the cacao plantations and beaches of the Caribbean coast.The Andes region, with its colonial towns, high elevation national parks and one of the world's most thrilling cable car adventures.Overland to the ranchlands of the Ilanos(plains) of the Orinoco River where wildlife is especially abundant.Jungle camps in the Amazonas province.The Guiana Highlands with its flat topped mountains and its many waterfalls, including Angel Falls, the highest in the world.Los Roques, a cluster of beautiful coral islands set in the emerald waters of the Caribbean Sea.


Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: GlobeScope Expeditions. 31 min.

Venezuela: Petroleum Powered Economy

Format: Videocassette
Description: This program traces Venezuela's history, from its beginnings as a sleepy, backwater Spanish colony, to its present status as a major independent oil-producing nation.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Theme: Economics
Publication details: Films for the Humanities and Sciences, Princeton, NJ, copyright 1994. 30 minutes.

Viajando por Rio Grande do Sul

Format: Videocassette
Description: Video produced to encourage tourism to Brazil's southernmost state. Highlights each distinct region of the state, noting the geographical and cultural characteristics. Ideal video for listening comprehension. Beautiful scenery, short segments, easy vocabulary.
Theme: Spanish Language

Viaje a Oaxaca: Using the Preterit and Imperfect in Spanish

Format: DVD
Description: Accompanied by a teacher packet with lists of terms used and reproducible worksheets, this video offers a simple story through which students have the opportunity to hear verb tenses.
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: Mirada Educational Video, Valley City, ND, 1993. 20 minutes.

Viaje a Oaxaca: Using the Preterit and Imperfect in Spanish

Format: DVD
Country of origin: Mexico
Description: Accompanied by a teacher packet with lists of terms used and reproducible worksheets, this video offers a simple story through which students have the opportunity to hear verb tenses.
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: Mirada Educational Video, Valley City, ND, 1993. 20 minutes. Available on VHS or DVD.[br /]

Vidas Secas

Author: Nelson Pereira dos Santos, Director
Format: DVD
Country of origin: Brazil
Description:

Vidas Secas (Barren Lives) is the cornerstone of the Cinema Novo Movement. Derived from Graciliano Ramos' eponymous novel, this Brazilian Grapes of Wrath is sest in the early 1940s, and describes two years in the life of an itinerant cowhand's family struggling to eke out an existence in the drought-ravaged, landowner-dominated sertao of the country's Northeast. The film is stark in its imagery and a powerful documenation of the uprooted. At the time of its theatrical release, Vidas Secas was considered the absolute last word as a realistic film description of the wretched of the earth. Today is somehow seems much more—a white-hot, almost mystically intense pilgrim's progress through an unending purgatory with no other side.


Grade level 1: College

Visions of History: The Aztecs and the Spanish

Author: Developed by Lucia Nunez
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Students participate in six activities. The first two activities present primary documents written by Spaniards Hernando Cortes and Bernal Diaz del Castillo. In the next two activities, the students examine Aztec documents: the Florentine Codex and poems and paintings that describe the sentiments of the Aztecs about the fall of their city. The last activities of the unit take a different approach by presenting contemporary art and customs, including photos of a dance and the murals of Diego Rivera. The purpose of including these activities is to illustrate to the students how time also affects the telling of history.
Grade level 1: Middle
Publication details: Developed by Lucia Nunez. Stanford Programon International and Cross-Cultural Education (SPICE), 1996. 94 pp. with appendix.

Visit to Latin America, A

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Seven lesson plans focusing on current issues in Latin America (sections on Haiti, Bolivia, Ecuador, Honduras, Central America, Mexico, Brazil). World Neighbors is an international development organization.
Grade level 1: Middle
Publication details: World Neighbors in the Classroom, World Neighbors, Inc., Oklahoma City, OK, 2005. 47 pp. teacher guide; 18 pp. reader; CD-ROM.

Visita a Buenos Aires, Una

Format: Videocassette
Description: A brief visit to Argentina's premiere city, as well as a side visit to the pampas to experience life with the gauchos. Narrated in easy-to-follow Spanish, a good video to use for comprehension exercises.
Grade level 1: High
Theme: Spanish Language
Publication details: Educational Video Network. 19 min. IN SPANISH.

Waira's First Journey

Author: Eusebio Topooco
Format: Book
Description: A story of a young Aymara Indian girl and her family in Bolivia, written and illustrated by the artist son of an Aymara chieftain.
Grade level 1: Primary
Theme: Contemporary Native Cultures
Publication details: Eusebio Topooco. Lothrop, Lee and Shepard Books, New York, 1993. 37 pp.

Waste Land

Format: DVD
Description:

Filmed over nearly three years, WASTE LAND follows renowned artist Vik Muniz as he journeys from his home base in Brooklyn to his native Brazil and the world's largest garbage dump, Jardim Gramacho, located on the outskirts of Rio de Janeiro. There he photographs an eclectic band of “catadores”—self-designated pickers of recyclable materials. Muniz’s initial objective was to “paint” the catadores with garbage. However, his collaboration with these inspiring characters as they recreate photographic images of themselves out of garbage reveals both the dignity and despair of the catadores as they begin to re-imagine their lives. Director Lucy Walker (DEVIL’S PLAYGROUND, BLINDSIGHT and COUNTDOWN TO ZERO) and co-directors João Jardim and Karen Harley have great access to the entire process and, in the end, offer stirring evidence of the transformative power of art and the alchemy of the human spirit.


Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Grade level 3: College
Publication details: Almega Projects, 2009. 99 min. Portuguese and English, with subtitles.

We are Guatemalans

Format: Videocassette
Description: This documentary interviews the people of one town, Cuarto Pueblo, where an army massacre in 1982 forced its survivors to flee to Mexico. In 1994, they returned to their homeland in the Ixcan jungle region of Guatemala. Their journey is not over yet: many still call the returnees "the enemy," and the base of the feared Guatemalan army is only a few miles away.
Grade level 1: High
Publication details: Maryknoll World Productions, Maryknoll, NY, 1995. 28 minutes.

What Have You Got to Lose?: New World Tropical Rainforests

Author: Principal author: Carol E. Murphey
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Tropical rainforests are found in both the New and Old Worlds. This set of lessons deals only with plants, animals and people of the New World rainforests. In this unit students will explore the biology and people of the rainforest and some problems caused by the interaction of people with this environment. The students will be involved in activities that are interactive and thought provoking. Group cooperation is a common theme throughout the lessons. Like the plants and animals of the rainforest, the students are dependent on each other to complete their tasks. Emphasis has been placed on integrating art, science, language and social studies under the umbrella of "the rainforest."
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: The Environment
Publication details: Principal author: Carol E. Murphey. Stanford Program on International and Cross-Cultural Education (SPICE), 1991. 128 pp. plus 24 slides.

What the Aztecs Told Me

Author: Text and design by Krystyna Libura, Claudia Burr and Maria Cristina Urrutia
Format: Book
Description: Bernardino de Sahagun was a Spanish friar and missionary who came to Mexico shortly after the conquest. He interviewed the elders of the people and collected their accounts of pre-conquest Mexico in a twelve-volume work called Historia General de las Cosas de Nueva Espana. Drawn from that work, this book is a marvelous introduction to the Aztecs. In a short space the reader gets a fascinating and authentic glimpse of the world of the Aztecs. The art in the book is taken from the original manuscript of the Historia General, and was painted by native artists trained in the European style by Spaniards.
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Text and design by Krystyna Libura, Claudia Burr and Maria Cristina Urrutia. Groundwood Books, Toronto, 1997 (copyright of English translation).

When Worlds Collide

Format: DVD
Description:

In 1492, two worlds that for thousands of years had developed completely independent of one another suddenly came into contact. In the following decades, those two worlds painfully and haltingly began to merge. Below, follow the story of When Worlds Collide; a story that examines power, religion, wealth, and the nature of identity and ethnicity in the Americas right up to our own times.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: Middle
Publication details: PBS, 2010. 87 min.

Where Fireflies Dance/Ahí, donde bailan las luciérnagas

Author: Lucha Corpi
Format: Book
Description: A beautiful story of the mischievous adventures of a girl and her brother growing up in a small town on the Caribbean coast of Mexico. Beautifully illustrated.
Grade level 1: Primary
Publication details: Lucha Corpi. Illustrated by Mira Reisberg. Children's Book Press, San Francisco, 1997. BILINGUAL BOOK.

Which Way Home

Format: DVD
Description:

"Which Way Home" is a feature documentary film that follows unaccompanied child migrants, on their journey through Mexico, as they try to reach the United States. We follow children like Olga and Freddy, nine-year old Hondurans, who are desperately trying to reach their parents in the US.; children like Jose, a ten-year old El Salvadoran, who has been abandoned by smugglers and ends up alone in a Mexican detention center; and Kevin, a canny, streetwise fourteen-year old Honduran, whose mother hopes that he will reach the U.S. and send money back to her. These are stories of hope and courage, disappointment and sorrow. They are the children you never hear about; the invisible ones.


Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: New Video Group, 2010. 83 min. Spanish and English, with subtitles.

Why Do People Move?: Migration from Latin America

Author: Developed by Lucia Nunez
Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Why Do People Move?'' looks at the migration flows from six countries in Latin America: Mexico, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, and Cuba. Students will develop an understanding of some of the conditions that exist in both sending and receiving communities, of the connections that facilitate migration, and of the causes of these movements. These six countries were chosen because they experienced some of the largest migration flows in and from Latin America during the 1980s. One case, the balseros from Cuba, was selected to illustrate a new pattern emerging from that country. In addition, one of the goals of this unit is to promote an understanding of the reasons people have for leaving their community or country.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Publication details: Developed by Lucia Nunez. Stanford Program on International and Cross-Cultural Education (SPICE), 1993. 142 pp. plus cassette tape.

With His Pistol in His Hand: A Border Ballad and Its Hero

Author: Americo Paredes
Format: Book
Description: Gregorio Cortez Lira, a ranchhand of Mexican parentage, was virtually unknown until one summer day in 1901 when he and a Texas sheriff, pistols in hand, blazed away at each other after a misunderstanding. The sheriff was killed and Gregorio fled immediately, realizing that in practice there was one law for Anglo-Texans, another for Texas-Mexicans. The chase, capture, and imprisonment of Cortez are high drama that cannot easily be forgotten. Even today, in the cantinas along both sides of the Rio Grande, Mexicans sing the praises of the great ''sheriff-killer'' in the ballad which they call ''El Corrido de Gregorio Cortez.'' Americo Paredes tells the story of Cortez, the man and the legend, in vivid, fascinating detail in ''With His Pistol in His Hand,'' which also presents a unique study of a ballad in the making. Deftly woven into the story are interpretations of the Border country, its history, its people, and their folkways.
Grade level 1: College
Grade level 2: Adult
Theme: The Arts
Publication details: Americo Paredes. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1958. 262 pp. w/index.

Woman Who Outshone the Sun, The/La mujer que brillaba aun mas que el sol

Author: Retold by Rosalma Zubizarreta based on a poem by Alejandro Cruz Martinez
Format: Book
Description: This lyrical and moving story from the Zapotec culture of Mexico tells of a beautiful woman who arrives in a mountain village with an iguana at her side, her hair so glorious it outshines the sun. This is the legend of Lucia Zenteno, part of the oral history of the Zapotec Indians.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Folktales and Mythology
Publication details: Retold by Rosalma Zubizarreta based on a poem by Alejandro Cruz Martinez, Children's Book Press, San Francisco, CA, 1991. 32 pp. BILINGUAL BOOK.

World History from 500 to 1700: Activity Sampler

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Sampler contains 6 activities, one of which focuses on Aztec daily life (others include daily life in Constantinople, form and function of mosques, mapping Africa, land and population, and Europe's transition from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance). "Creating Illustrated Journals about Aztec Daily Life" is a Writing for Understanding lesson, complete with readings, student handouts, and overhead transparencies.
Grade level 1: Middle
Grade level 2: High
Theme: Ancient Civilizations
Publication details: History Alive!, Teachers' Curriculum Institute, 1999. 122 pp. and 13 transparencies.

World History PicturePacks: Latin American History

Author: www.historypictures.com
Format: CD-ROM
Description: CD-ROM with digital images that can be used for PowerPoint presentations and in other documents. Contains: Mesoamerica and South America, 150 BC-1450 AD; Explorers and Conquistadors to 1550; Colonization and New Spain, 1492-1820; Seeds of Rebellion and Colonial Brazil; Independence, 1807-1825; Independent Latin America, 1825-1870; Latin Amercia, 1870-1914; Brazil, Mexico; US and Latin America, 1860-1914; Argentina, Chile and Peru, 1870-1914; Mexico after 1913; Cuba after 1919; Brazil and Chile after 1914; Central America after 1914; Modern Latin America. CD-ROM ONLY WORKS WITH WINDOWS.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Grade level 3: High
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: www.historypictures.com

World in Focus, A: Central and South America

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: Loaded with maps, color photographs, charts, thought questions, and fun-to-do activities, this appealing paperback text introduces the history, geography, and cultures of Latin America. Set includes a teacher's edition, the student edition, and an activity book with reproducible worksheets. Can be accompanied by THE WORLD THROUGH WORDS literature supplement.
Grade level 1: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Blackbirch Press, Inc., 2000. Annotated Teacher's Edition and Student Edition available.

World through Words, The: Central and South America

Format: Curriculum Unit
Description: A Social Studies Literature Supplement. Literature-based learning in a format that reinforces and blends core skills in social studies, reading, and writing. Readings include the legend of Juan the Fool, an excerpt from Columbus' journal, a selection from the Popul Vuh, the national anthem of Bolivia, a poem by Pablo Neruda, and others. Each reading is accompanied by questions and an essay idea. Accompanies the WORLD IN FOCUS books.
Grade level 1: Primary
Grade level 2: Middle
Theme: Basic Background
Publication details: Blackbirch Press, Inc., 2000. 64 pp.

Year My Parents Went on Vacation, The

Format: DVD
Country of origin: Brazil
Description:

In 1970, near the World Cup, Daniel Stern and his wife Miriam leaves Belo Horizonte in a hurry and scared with their ten years old son Mauro in their Volkswagen. While traveling to São Paulo, the couple explains Mauro that they will travel on vacation and will leave Mauro with his grandfather Mótel. Daniel promises to return before the first game of the Brazilian National Soccer Team in the Cup. The boy is left in Bom Retiro, a Jewish and Italian neighborhood, and waits for Mótel in front of his apartment. When the next door neighbor Shlomo arrives, he tells the boy that Mótel had just had a heart attack and died. Alone and without knowing where his parents are, the boy is lodged by Shlomo and the Jewish community. Through the young neighbor Hanna, Mauro makes new friends, cheers for the Brazilian team and sees the movement of the police and militaries on the streets while waiting for his parents.


Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Gullane Filmes, 2007. 105 minutes.

Zapatista Reader, The

Author: Tom Hayden, ed.
Format: Book
Description: A journey though an insurgent and magical world of culture and politics, where celebrants and critics debate what Carlos Fuentes has described as the world's first "post-communist rebellion." It documents the electrifying effect the movement has had on leading figures and activists. Includes, among others, essays by Jose Saramago, Octavio Paz, Elena Poniatowska, Carlos Monsivais, John Ross, Naomi Klein, and Eduardo Galeano. Also includes statements from the Zapatistas and a letter/interview with Subcomandante Marcos. Excellent source for short readings on the Zapatistas.
Grade level 1: High
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Tom Hayden, ed. Avalon Publishing Group, 2002. 503 pp.

Zoot Suit and Other Plays

Author: Luis Valdez
Format: Book
Description:

Luis Valdez is unquestionably the outstanding figure in Hispanic theater of the United States. While his credits include outstanding achievements everywhere, from flatbed truck and conventional stages to the silver and small screens, Valedez has remained a rebel and an innovator, as well as a re-creator of Hispanic traditions.


Here are three of the most important and critically acclaimed Valdez plays. Each, in the ultimate analysis, is about a search for identity through the playwright's quest for what is reality--past, present and future.

 

"Zoot Suit" deals with the infamous Pachuco Riots during World War II.

"Bandido!" explores the life and legend of the nineteenth-century California social rebel Tiburcio Vasquez.

"I Don't Have to Show You No Stinking Badges!" explores media images of Hispanics through a staged recreation of the TV situation comedy genre.


Grade level 1: High School
Grade level 2: College
Publication details: Houston: Arte Publico Press, University of Houston, 1992.


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